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ABCD: Alnus glutinosa

Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertner alder

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Site no Site Location Date Period
153 Pilsdon Pen 64-71 nr Bridport, Dorset, England 1977 ?
Sample Period
0153a PR
1109 Torwoodlee 50 nr Galashiels, Borders, Scotland 1953 Iron Age-Roman
Sample Period
1109a PH:RO.IA:RB
1295 Silchester 1900-08 nr Reading, Hampshire, England 1908 Roman c5AD-c450AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1295a RO com well & pit fills nr Roman 5 450
1296 Brough-on-Humber 58-61 Brough-on-Humber, Humberside, England 1969 Roman cAD70-cAD370
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1296a RO com ?layers nr Roman 70 370
1392 Watkins Farm Northmoor, nr Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1990 IronAge - Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1392b PH.IA 498 burial pit nr Iron Age ? ?
1623 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1623a RO (4) well fill matrix of course san Roman 300 450
1645 West Row Fen 82-6 nr Mildenhall, Suffolk, England 1983 Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1645a PH.BA com pit & post hole fills & o nr early-mid Bronze Age ? ?
1649 Borough High St (201-211) Southwark, London, Greater London, England 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1649b RO B11-4 ditch fills nr Roman ? ?
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920c PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1675 Althrey Hall nr Wrexham, Clwyd, Wales 1991 16th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1675a PR.PM.16 - daub clay matrix post-medieval 1500 1600
1727 Crown Court 85-6 Newcastle Quayside, Tyne and Wear, England 1989 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1727a PR.MD com many ? medieval ? ?
1014 Dundurn 76-7 Crieff/Lochearnhead, Tayside, Scotland 1989 7th C AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1014a PR.SE.MS DN426 dump organic 7thcAD,Pictish 320 680
1036 Glastonbury 1892-1907 Lake Village, Avon, England 1917 Romano-British
Sample Period
1036a RO.RB
1166 College Goods Yard High St, Glasgow, Strathclyde, Scotland 1986 late medieval-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1166a PR.MD:PM comb pit fills nr late-post-medieval ? ?
1185 Brough Road 76-82 Birsay, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1185a PR.SE.ES:MS com ? nr later Pictish early Viking ? ?
1063 Upper Redesdale 80-1 nr Otterburn, Northumberland, England 1982 16th - 17th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1063a PR.PM nr layer burnt material post medieval 1500 1700
1068 Balloch Hill 73-8 Argyll, Kintyre, Strathclyde, Scotland 1982 Neolithic/Bronze age/Iron age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1068b PH.IA IA COM various nr Iron Age ? ?
1452 Housesteads 84 Birkshaw (Hadrians Wall), Northumberland, England 1988 Roman
Sample Period
1452a RO.RM
1489 Elsted 75 Petersfield/Midhurst, Sussex (E & W), England 1980 (Iron Age) Romano-British 1st-late 3rd A
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1489a RO.RB com ditch & feature fills nr Romano-British 100 300
1359 Stackpole Warren 77-9 nr Pembroke, Dyfed, Wales 1990 Mesolithic-roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1359c PH.BA.EB com house post hole fills nr early Bronze Age ? ?
1624 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1624a PR.SE.MS (3) pit/depression fills dark silty clays Anglian 580 900
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, E, London: British Museum. 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638c PH.BA.LB L20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638g PH.BA.LB column SS1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
1638h PH.BA.LB column WF1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
1638a PH.NE MN 41 channel sediment nr middle neolithic ? ?
1769 Hafod y Nant Criafolen 73-4 Brenig Valley Resevoir, Clwyd, Wales 1979 15th or 16th c
Sample Period
1769a PR.MD:PM.LM:16
1725 Penycoed 83 Llangynog, nr Carmarthen, Dyfed, Wales 1985 late Iron Age and RB (medieval)
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1725a PH.IA com ditch fill nr Iron Age ? ?
1725b PH.IA com ditch fill nr Iron Age ? ?
1009 Graveney Boat 70 Graveney, Kent, England 1978 10th C
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1009a PR.SE.AS R4-Gr92 wreck fill alluvial clay 10th C 900 1000
1017 Watergate St 85 Chester, Cheshire, England 1988 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1017a PR.MD.HM F9 pit fill organic dark brown mid 13th 1225 1275
1300 Coulters Garage 78 Alcester, Warwickshire, England 1989 prehist/Iron age/Roman 2nd-4th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1300a PH.? Hole 1 240 layer organic ?Iron Age ? ?
1300b PH.IA Hole 1 250 layer organic ?Iron age ? ?
1040 Fisherwick 74-5 nr Tamworth, Staffordshire, England 1979 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1040b PH.IA.LI 302f ditch fill black friable stonel Iron Age -200 100
1042 Birmingham Moat 73-5 Birmingham, West Midlands, England 1980 medieval-post-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1042b PR.PM.16:17 ML3 Base 3 moat fill fine sandy silt loam med/post-medieval 1450 1700
1044 Hen Domen 60-74 Montgomery, Powys, Wales 1982 pre-Conquest/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1044a PR.MD.HM F1/27 pit fill organic medieval 1223 1300
1422 Low Ham Chew Valley, nr Bristol, Avon, England 1977 Roman
Sample Period
1422a RO.RN
1384 Winnal Down 76-7 nr Winchester, Hampshire, England 1985 Bronze Age/Iron Age/RB/medieval
Sample Period
1384a PH:RO.IA:RB.EI:LI:ER
1396 Borough High St (199) Southwark, London, Greater London, England 1988 Roman-post med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1396e PR.MD comb pit fills nr early-late medieval ? ?
1793 Rockbarton 42 Co. Limerick, Limerick, Ireland, Eire 1953 ??Beaker, early zone VIIb
Sample Period
1793a PH.NE:BA.BE
1925 Lurk Lane 79-82 Beverley, Humberside, England 1991 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1925b PR.SE.AS Phase 4 ditch fills highly organic 9th c 800 900
152 Storrs Moss 65-7 nr Carnforth, Lancashire, England 1971 zone VII peat
Sample Period
0152a PH
1098 Lochlee Crannog 1878 Tarbolton, Ayr, Strathclyde, Scotland 1878 ?
Sample Period
1098a ND
1106 Bothwellhaugh 75-6 Motherwell, Lanarkshire, Strathclyde, Scotland 1981 Roman/Antonine ad 142- c. 165
Sample Period
1106a RO.RM
1137 Birrens 62-7 [Blatobulgium], nr Ecclefechan, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland 1975 1st-2nd C AD Roman Flavian/Antonine
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1137a RO.RM well layer burnt Roman Antonine 000 200
1526 Norwich Castle Bailey 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1985 Saxon-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1526a PR.SE.? 1006 well fill (basal) dark brown organic late Saxon 1000 1075
1393 Queen St Newcastle Newcastle upon Tyne (Quayside), Tyne and Wear, England 1988 12th-19th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1393b PR.MD.HM Phase 4 accumulation organic medieval 1250 1300
1394 Faccenda Farm 83 nr Alchester, Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Roman late 1st-early 3rd
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1394a RO.RN.ER (3) ditch & pit fills dark brown organic l Roman 075 150
1404 Dalton Parlours 76 Collingham, nr Wetherby, West Yorkshire, England 1990 Iron Age and Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1404c RO.MR M1 & M2 well fill black organic soil Roman 150 250
1404b RO.LR L well fill silt Roman 250 370
1772 Wharram 53-60 Wharram Percy, nr Malton, North Yorkshire, England 1979 (Roman) 12th - 16th c AD
Sample Period
1772a PR.MD.LM
1586 Cainhoe Castle 73 Clophill Parish, Bedfordshire, England 1975 Roman - medieval
Sample Period
1586a PC:PR
70 Waltham Abbey 72-3 Waltham Abbey, Essex, England 1973 Saxo-Norman-medieval
Sample Period
0070a PR.SE:MD
82 Bryn yr Hen Bobl Plas Newydd Anglesey, Gwynedd, Wales 1935 neolithic
Sample Period
0082a PH
1031 Danebury 78 Andover/Salisbury/Winchester, Hampshire, England 1984 Iron Age
Sample Period
1031a PH.IA
30 Ysceifiog Circle and Barrow nr Holywell, Clwyd, Wales 1926 ?
Sample Period
0030a PH
1077 Breachacha Castle 65-8 Coll Island, Strathclyde, Scotland 1973 15th-16th c
Sample Period
1077a PR.MD:PM
1374 Oakbank Crannog Loch Tay, Tayside, Scotland 1988 Bronze Age/Iron Age transition
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1374a PH.BA:IA.BI com occupation layers organic Bronze Age/Iron Age transition -705 -200
1621 Coppergate 74 York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1621b PR.SE:MD Area S wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1621c PR.SE:MD Area B wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1621a PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Area N ?floor layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1621d PR.SE:MD Area E layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1777 Goldherring 58-61 Sancreed, nr Penzance, Cornwall, England 1969 late 1st BC or early 1st AD to 6th AD
Sample Period
1777b PH:RO.IA:RB
2000 Milburngate 83 Durham City, Durham, England 1993 Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period
2000a PR.BA 182 natural deposit 'organic layer' Bronze Age
2000b PR.BA 192 natural deposit 'organic layer' Bronze Age
2000d PR.BA 196 natural deposit 'organic layer' Bronze Age
2000c PR.BA 194 natural deposit 'organic layer' Bronze Age
1074 Balevullin 12 Tiree, Strathclyde, Scotland 1965 Iron age
Sample Period
1074a PH.IA
1113 Hayhope Knowe 49 Morebattle, Roxburghshire, Borders, Scotland 1951 Iron Age
Sample Period
1113a PH.IA
1138 Newstead 05-10 nr Melrose, Borders, Scotland 1911 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1138a RO.RM.ER:MR nr pit fills dark black organic Roman 80 210
1274 Staple Howe 51-6 Knapton, nr Malton, North Yorkshire, England 1963 Iron Age
Sample Period
1274a PH.IA
1305 Dominican Priory Oxford 76-83 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1985 ?medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1305a PR.MD.LM 102 & 202 drain & culvert fill dark organic silt prob 15th c 1400 1500
1194 Brooklands 70-1 Weybridge, Surrey, England 1977 Iron Age - Medieval
Sample Period
1194b PR.MD
1209 Knights Farm 1 74-8 Burghfield, nr Reading (subsite 1), Berkshire, England 1980 Bronze Age 11th-8th c bc
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1209b PH.BA 6/6 pond fill dark grey organic gr Bronze Age -800 -700
1460 River Exe 84 St Thomas, Exeter, Devon, England 1988 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1460a PR.SE - natural accumulation blue silty clay with early medieval 900 1300
1360 Somerset Levels Somerset Levels, Somerset, England 1970 ?
Sample Period
1360a PH.NE
1414 Abingdon 63 Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1982 Neolithic
Sample Period
1414a PH.NE
1620 Lloyds Bank York 72-3 6-8 Pavement, York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1620a PR.SE.AS (43) layers/?occupation floors - Anglo-Scand 900 1100
1639 Bearsden nr Glasgow (Antonine Wall), Central, Scotland 19?? Roman mid 2nd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1639a RO.? column ditch fill silts Roman ? ?
1667 Minnis Bay nr Birchington, Kent, England 1941 late Bronze Age/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1667a ND (1) ?occupation layer "peaty" late Bronze Age or medieaval ? ?
81 Blackhorse Road 58-74 Letchworth, Hertfordshire, England 1989 Neolithic-Iron Age
Sample
0081b
0081a
1002 Cowick 76 nr Snaith, Humberside, England 1989 late medieval, post 1321
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1002a PR.MD.LM 51 moat fill organic late-medieval 1323 1500
1013 Little Waltham r/c 71 nr Chelmsford, Essex, England 1978 early Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1013a PH.BA.EB 1 channel fill detritus mud/alluviu early Bronze Age ? ?
1086 Iona Abbey 76 Iona, Strathclyde, Scotland 1979 medieval-post medieval
Sample Period
1086a PR.MD:PM
1123 Braes of Rinyo 46 Rousay, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1949 Stone age/?neolithic?
Sample Period
1123a PH
1254 Mildenhall Fen 35 Mildenhall, Suffolk, England 1936 Late Bronze Age
Sample Period
1254a PH.BA.LB
1043 Fore St Taunton 79 Taunton, Somerset, England 1990 Roman/post-Medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1043a PR.PM.16 P41/P22/P5 pit fill richly organic post-medieval 1500 1600
1367 Over Rig nr Girvan, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland 1988 ?Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1367a PH.IA.? nr ditch fill nr Iron Age ? ?
1395 Borough High St (64-70) Southwark, Greater London, England 1988 ?Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1395a RO.RN.? (9) stream fill nr ?Roman - -
1799 Rush Green 82 Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, England 1983 mid-late Bronze Age
Sample Period
1799a PH.BA.MB:LB
1676 Manchester 1899 Manchester (Deansgate & Hunts Bank), Greater Manchester, England 1899 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1676a RO.? nr (1) pit fill like peat Roman ? ?
1039 Fisherwick 74-5 nr Tamworth, Staffordshire, England 1979 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period
1039a ND
1111 Bonchester Hill 50 Hobkirk, Roxburghshire, Borders, Scotland 1952 Iron age/early 1st C AD/dark age
Sample Period
1111a PH.IA.?
1183 Freswick Castle 79 Freswick, Caithness, Highland, Scotland 1984 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1183a PR.SE.AS Rooms 1 & ?occupation deposit 1 late Norse 1000 1300
1041 Shackerley Mound 81 Telford/Wolverhampton, Shropshire, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1041a PR.MD.HM:LM 2nd moat moat fill sandy silts medieval 1289 1500
1041b PR.MD.HM 1st moat moat fill sandy silt medieval 1246 1275
1048 Dublin 62-81 Fishamble/Wood Quay etc, Dublin, Ireland, Eire 1987 early medieval ?9th-?13/14?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1048a PR.SE.AS.? COMB various ? early medieval 0 0
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
1616k PR.MD.EM:HM Period 12 pit or well fills - Medieval 1200 1300
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, Berkshire, England 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638c PH.BA.LB L20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638g PH.BA.LB column SS1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
1638h PH.BA.LB column WF1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
1638a PH.NE MN 41 channel sediment nr middle neolithic ? ?
1796 Rathjordan 46-7 , Limerick, Ireland, Eire 1953 prehistoric - ?Bronze Age
Sample Period
1796a PH.BA
1928 Speke Hall 81-2 nr Liverpool, Merseyside, England 1992 med-post-med
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1928a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 moat fill organic silty sand late med/post-med 1475 1550
1590 Okehampton Castle 72-80 Okehampton, Devon, England 1982 medieval (1068) - post medieval
Sample Period
1590a PR.MD:PM

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007