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ABCD: Carduus/Cirsium sp.

Carduus/Cirsium sp.

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Site no Site Location Date Period
1219 Hertford Civic Hall 67 Hertford, The Wash, Hertfordshire, England 1977 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1219a PR.MD.HM 11 & 13 ditch fill grey silt medieval 1200 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1276 The Hamel 75-6 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1980 medieval early 13th-early 16th
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1276a PR.MD.EM comb pit and ditch fills gritty grey-brown or mid12th-mid 13th 1150 1250
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1375 Church St Carmarthen 76 Carmarthen, Dyfed, Wales 1978 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1375a RO.RM.LR well 59 well fill compacted plant rema Roman 275 350
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1623 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1623a RO (4) well fill matrix of course san Roman 300 450
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 5 2
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 75 3
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 47 3
1595 Friernhay St Exeter 81 Exeter, Devon, England 1984 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1595a RO.RM.ER (4) ditch fills nr Roman 000 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 24 3
1619 Skeldergate York 73-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1978 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1619b PH:RO.ER 2356 buried soil humic stained sandy Roman or immediatly pre-Roman -30 250
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP p 1
1619a RO.MR.LR (?13) well fill sands & silts pink b late Roman 100 400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 7 2
1624 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1624a PR.SE.MS (3) pit/depression fills dark silty clays Anglian 580 900
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 2 1
1627 Sewer Lane 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1977 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1627c PR.PM.16:17 Phase V P4 pit fill/watercourse organic post medieval 1575 1650
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP p 1
1627a PR.MD.LM Phase II P pit fill organic medieval 1400 1500
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1627b PR.PM.16 Phase IV P pit fill organic post medieval 1500 1550
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1629 Farmoor 74-6 Farmoor, Upper Thames, Oxfordshire, England 1979 Iron Age-Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1629b PH.IA 1172 occupation layer - Iron Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1629f RO 1072 "peat" layer - Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1629d RO 1060/2, 43 well fill - Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1629c RO 17/4 & 116 pit fill & water hole - Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 29 3
1629e RO 1074/4 ditch fill - Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 3 1
1629a PH:RO.IA.RB.? (5) sump, gully & ditch fills - Iron Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 87 3
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, E, London: British Museum. 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638g PH.BA.LB column SS1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 3 1
1647 Thetford 73-80 Thetford, Norfolk, England 1984 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1647b PR.SE.AS P15, P129, pit and ditch fills ? late Saxon ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1925 Lurk Lane 79-82 Beverley, Humberside, England 1991 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1925b PR.SE.AS Phase 4 ditch fills highly organic 9th c 800 900
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1462 Prestatyn 84-5 Prestatyn, Clwyd, Wales 1989 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1462a RO.RB.ER 2316 & 232 well fill dark grey fine silt Roman 120 190
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 117 4
1393 Queen St Newcastle Newcastle upon Tyne (Quayside), Tyne and Wear, England 1988 12th-19th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1393b PR.MD.HM Phase 4 accumulation organic medieval 1250 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 5 2
1394 Faccenda Farm 83 nr Alchester, Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Roman late 1st-early 3rd
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1394a RO.RN.ER (3) ditch & pit fills dark brown organic l Roman 075 150
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1278 Appleford 73-4 nr Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1980 Bronze Age/Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1278a RO.RN:RB F 32, 200, well fill dark grey organic lo Roman 200 400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 26 3
1543 Ower Peninsular Wytch Farm Oilfield, Dorset, England 1991 Late Iron Age/ Romano-British
Sample Period
1543a PH:RO.IA:RB.LI:ER
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c Q p 1
1387 Ilchester 74-5 Ilchester, Somerset, England 1982 roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1387b RO.ER 3(6) ditch fill nr Roman 100 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1406 Aston Tirrold 89 Goring/Didcot, Oxfordshire, England 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1406a RO Ditch 3 66 ditch fill nr Roman 100 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617e RO.ER Group 5 (7 granary layers burnt material Roman 175 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 1 1
1617f RO.ER Group 6 (5 road layers - Roman 175 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 2 1
1617j PR.MD.EM:HM Group 10 ( pit fills - medieval 1100 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 1 1
1617c RO.ER Group 3 (1 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 1 1
1617a RO.MR Group 1 (7 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 4 1
1617b RO.ER Group 2 (3 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 3 1
1617d RO.ER Group 4 (1 layer - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 1 1
1621 Coppergate 74 York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1621b PR.SE:MD Area S wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w PQ 1 1
1621c PR.SE:MD Area B wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w PQ 1 1
1636 Whitton , Glamorgan (W, M & S), Wales 1981 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1636b RO ? well fill nr ?Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 16 3
1636a RO.RN W70 L13a & well fill nr Roman 300 350
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 10 3
1938 High St & Blackfriargate 73-7 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1987 late 13th-mid 14th
Sample Period
1938a PR.MD.HM
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1239 Caernarfon 76-7 Segontium (Roman Caernarvon), Gwynedd, Wales 1986 Roman late 1st-early 2nd AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1239a RO.MR well 2c Si well fill sticky silt Roman 100 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
fragment/s w 1 1
1460 River Exe 84 St Thomas, Exeter, Devon, England 1988 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1460a PR.SE - natural accumulation blue silty clay with early medieval 900 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 11 3
1620 Lloyds Bank York 72-3 6-8 Pavement, York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1620a PR.SE.AS (43) layers/?occupation floors - Anglo-Scand 900 1100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w PQ 4 1
1125 Kirkwall 78 Orkney, KIM 78 & KIB78, Orkney, Scotland 1982 medieval-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1125a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 KIM78, KIB midden layers/dumps blackish crumbly amo med/post-med 1400 1600
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q + 1
1263 Alchester 74 Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1976 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1263b RO.RN.LR 105 ditch fill fine grey silt late Roman 100 400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 11 2
1263a RO.RN.ER 138 ditch fill black gritty silt wi Roman 75 100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1391 Watkins Farm Northmoor, nr Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1990 IronAge - Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1391a PH.IA com nr nr Iron Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1331 Wilsford Shaft 60-2 nr Amesbury, Wiltshire, England 1989 later Bronze Age-Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1331a PH.BA.LB 1962 well fill chalk rubble with or later Bronze Age -1515 -1400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1345 Denton 59 nr Grantham, Lincolnshire, England 1971 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1345a RO 610113-7 well fill organic matter Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 4 2
1373 Brigg Raft Brigg, Humberside, England 1981 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1373a ? com alluvium nr ? ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616g RO.LR Period 7 ( well fill - Roman 225 350
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 2 1
1616a ND Period 1 ( occupation layers - undated pre-Roman/Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 1 1
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 6 1
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 12 2
1616k PR.MD.EM:HM Period 12 pit or well fills - Medieval 1200 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 2 1
1616b RO.MR Period 2 ( buildup & ditch fill - Roman 125 175
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 6 1
1616c RO.MR Period 3 ( feature fills, buildups & - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 14 2
1616j PR.MD.EM:HM Period 11 pit fills - early medieval 1100 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 2 1
1616f RO.MR Period 6 ( occupation layers/buildup - Roman 175 250
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w QP 1 1
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, Berkshire, England 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638g PH.BA.LB column SS1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 3 1
1926 Eastgate Beverley 83-86 Beverley, Humberside, England 1992 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1926a PR.SE:MD Phase 1 extensive layer sandy silt pre 8thc ? 750
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1928 Speke Hall 81-2 nr Liverpool, Merseyside, England 1992 med-post-med
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1928a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 moat fill organic silty sand late med/post-med 1475 1550
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 11 2

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007