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ABCD: Centaurea nigra

Centaurea nigra L. lesser knapweed

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Site no Site Location Date Period
1295 Silchester 1900-08 nr Reading, Hampshire, England 1908 Roman c5AD-c450AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1295a RO com well & pit fills nr Roman 5 450
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q + 1
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
involucral bract/s (e.g. Centaurea) w Q 1 1
1706 Wasperton 79 Warwick/Stratford-upon-Avon, West Midlands, England 1982 prehist-Romano-British-late Roman-Saxon
Sample Period
1706a ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w p 1
1727 Crown Court 85-6 Newcastle Quayside, Tyne and Wear, England 1989 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1727a PR.MD com many ? medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1053 Townwall Roushill 58-9 Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England 1962 medieval ?c. 1275-18th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1053a PR.MD.HM 5A accumulation layer buff & pinkish clay medieval 1300 1400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q f 3
1054 Saddler St 74 Durham City, Durham, England 1979 10th-early 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1054a PR.SE.AS 1726/1589/ middens/drain fill nr Saxo-Norman 771 1203
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1054b PR.SE.AS 1576/1575/ pit fill & midden nr Saxo-Norman 593 1178
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1338 East Gate Lancaster 73 Lancaster, Mitre Yard, Lancashire, England 1988 roman late 2nd - mid 3rd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1338b RO.RM.MR T12.9 well fill organic round pellet Roman 175 250
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1338a RO.RM.MR T12.9 well fill organic Roman 175 250
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 8 2
bract/s and bracteole/s w 19 3
1627 Sewer Lane 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1977 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1627c PR.PM.16:17 Phase V P4 pit fill/watercourse organic post medieval 1575 1650
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
involucral bract/s (e.g. Centaurea) w Q! p 1
1627b PR.PM.16 Phase IV P pit fill organic post medieval 1500 1550
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
involucral bract/s (e.g. Centaurea) w Q! p 1
1042 Birmingham Moat 73-5 Birmingham, West Midlands, England 1980 medieval-post-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1042b PR.PM.16:17 ML3 Base 3 moat fill fine sandy silt loam med/post-medieval 1450 1700
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w % 1 1
1044 Hen Domen 60-74 Montgomery, Powys, Wales 1982 pre-Conquest/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1044a PR.MD.HM F1/27 pit fill organic medieval 1223 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 40 3
1368 Hulton Abbey 72-83 Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England 1985 medieval 13th-16th
Sample Period
1368b PR.MD:PM.LM:16
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s a Q% 1 1
1135 Queen St Midden Area 73 Aberdeen, Grampian, Scotland 1982 mesolithis/early 13th/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1135a PR.MD.HM FN57/F7A/5 pit fill organic high medieval 1200 1400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1449 Upper Bugle St 76-7 Southampton, Hampshire, England 1986 med-post med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1449a PR.MD:PM.? 525/572-3/ ditch fill nr medieval-post-medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 5 2
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617e RO.ER Group 5 (7 granary layers burnt material Roman 175 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
1751 Bryn Cysegrfan 79 Llanfair Clydogau, nr Lampeter, Dyfed, Wales 1988 medieval to 19th c.
Sample Period
1751a PR.MD:PM
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w Q% 1 1
1250 Hungate York 50 York, North Yorkshire, England 1961 Roman/Anglo-Scandinavian/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1250a RO.RN.LR I nr nr Roman 275 350
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q + 1
1428 Little Paxton 62 St Neots, Cambridgeshire, England 1969 late 9/10th-early 11th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1428a PR.SE.AS 1004 Area pit fill detritus-rich mud late saxon 850 1000
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1364 Tudor Merchant's House Quay St, Tenby, Dyfed, Wales 1990 post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1364a PR.PM.16 1 pit fill mineralised organic post medieval 1500 1600
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w 6 1
1640 Maxey 79-81 nr Stamford, Cambridgeshire, England 1985 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1640b RO Phases 7-9 feature fills nr Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1399 Chapel Lane Staith 78 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1979 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1399a PR.MD.HM (5) layer/rubbish nr medieval 1300 1400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
bract/s and bracteole/s w 4 1
1794 Upper Thames St City of London, Greater London, England 1980 Roman - medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1794c PR.MD.HM 2, 306 dumped layer nr medieval 1200 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 28 3
1794d PR.MD 146, 141 buildup layer nr medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1673 James St Drogheda Drogheda, Louth, Ireland, Eire 1985 13th-16th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1673b PR.PM.16 - occupation deposits ? post-medieval 1500 1600
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w p 1
1048 Dublin 62-81 Fishamble/Wood Quay etc, Dublin, Ireland, Eire 1987 early medieval ?9th-?13/14?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1048a PR.SE.AS.? COMB various ? early medieval 0 0
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? p 1
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
involucral bract/s (e.g. Centaurea) w Q 2 1
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
involucral bract/s (e.g. Centaurea) w Q 7 1
1616c RO.MR Period 3 ( feature fills, buildups & - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
involucral bract/s (e.g. Centaurea) w Q 2 1

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007