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ABCD: Chenopodium album

Chenopodium album L. fat hen

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Site no Site Location Date Period
1219 Hertford Civic Hall 67 Hertford, The Wash, Hertfordshire, England 1977 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1219a PR.MD.HM 11 & 13 ditch fill grey silt medieval 1200 1300
1221 Little Waltham 70-1 nr Chelmsford, Essex, England 1978 Iron Age - medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1221b RO.RN F339 L10 well fill grey sludge/grey sil Roman 200 300
1221a PH.IA C11 wall trench fill clay Iron Age -250 -300
1264 Old Gaol Abingdon 73 Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1975 Roman/medieval/post-med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1264a PR.MD.HM F 39/42 pit fill charcoal rich soil 13th c 1200 1300
1276 The Hamel 75-6 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1980 medieval early 13th-early 16th
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1276a PR.MD.EM comb pit and ditch fills gritty grey-brown or mid12th-mid 13th 1150 1250
1295 Silchester 1900-08 nr Reading, Hampshire, England 1908 Roman c5AD-c450AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1295a RO com well & pit fills nr Roman 5 450
1315 Orsett 75 Grays/Basildon, Essex, England 1978 Neolithic/Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1315a PH.IA.EI CF110 pit fill dark sandy loam ?early Iron Age -500 -100
1144 Crosskirk 66-72 Caithness, Highland, Scotland 1984 Iron Age?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1144a PH.IA Period 1 com nr Iron Age 5th-4thbc ? ?
1144b PH:RO:PC:PR.RB Periods 2- com nr ? -200 200
1051 Upper Suisgill 78 Sutherland, Highland, Scotland 1985 Early-mid 1st millenium & post-med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1051a PH.IA COM nr nr Iron Age -1000 -500
1051b ND COM nr nr nr ? ?
1527 Magistrates Court Norwich Norwich (Whitefriars St site), Norfolk, England 1988 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1527f PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1527a PR.SE:MD.? 1119, 1122 gully fill nr Period 2 1100 1300
1527h PR.SE.AS Period 1 pit fills nr Saxo-Norman 1000 1150
1527e PR.SE.AS Period 1 pit fills nr Saxo-Norman 1000 1150
1527g PR.MD:PM.LM:16 Period 3 latrine deposit nr medieval 1450 1550
1527i PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1541 Wytch Farm 87-90 Isle of Purbeck, Dorset, England 1991 ?
Sample Period
1541a PH.BA:IA.?
1347 Billingsgate 74 Lower Thames St., City of London, Greater London, England 1980 Roman to post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1347a RO.ER Period II layer grey sand and gravel Roman 000 100
1369 Woolster St 65-6 Plymouth, Devon, England 1970 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1369a PR.MD.HM:LM nr drain fill sticky deposits, v. early 14th-late 15th 1300 1500
1375 Church St Carmarthen 76 Carmarthen, Dyfed, Wales 1978 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1375a RO.RM.LR well 59 well fill compacted plant rema Roman 275 350
1392 Watkins Farm Northmoor, nr Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1990 IronAge - Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1392c RO.RB Site A (5) well, sump & gully fills nr Romano-British ? ?
1392a PH.IA (2) ditch & gully fill nr Iron Age ? ?
1392b PH.IA 498 burial pit nr Iron Age ? ?
1392d RO.RB Site B (4) water hole, pond & ditch nr Roman ? ?
1405 Halfpenny Lane 89 Cleeve-Didcote pipeline (nr Goring), Oxfordshire, England 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1405a PH.IA.MI (15) pit fills nr middle Iron Age ? ?
1623 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1623a RO (4) well fill matrix of course san Roman 300 450
1637 Clapton 87 Hackney, London, Greater London, England 1989 late Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1637a PR.SE.AS - boat fill mud late Saxon ? ?
1644 Micheldever Wood Micheldever, nr Winchester, Hampshire, England 1980 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1644a PH.IA ? ? ? Iron Age ? ?
1649 Borough High St (201-211) Southwark, London, Greater London, England 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1649b RO B11-4 ditch fills nr Roman ? ?
1790 Lissue 47 nr Lisburn, Antrim, N. Ireland 1951 9th to late 10th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1790a PR:PC.SE - ditch fills muds AS? 800 950
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1675 Althrey Hall nr Wrexham, Clwyd, Wales 1991 16th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1675a PR.PM.16 - daub clay matrix post-medieval 1500 1600
1727 Crown Court 85-6 Newcastle Quayside, Tyne and Wear, England 1989 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1727a PR.MD com many ? medieval ? ?
1036 Glastonbury 1892-1907 Lake Village, Avon, England 1917 Romano-British
Sample Period
1036a RO.RB
1166 College Goods Yard High St, Glasgow, Strathclyde, Scotland 1986 late medieval-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1166a PR.MD:PM comb pit fills nr late-post-medieval ? ?
1054 Saddler St 74 Durham City, Durham, England 1979 10th-early 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1054a PR.SE.AS 1726/1589/ middens/drain fill nr Saxo-Norman 771 1203
1054b PR.SE.AS 1576/1575/ pit fill & midden nr Saxo-Norman 593 1178
1506 Frost Hill 77-9 Eastbourne, Sussex (E & W), England 1982 Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1506b RO.RB.? A nr nr ?Romano-British ? ?
1506c RO.RB.? CF pit fills & corn drying o nr ?Romano-British ? ?
1552 Lofts Farm 84-5 Heybridge, Blackwater Estuary, Essex, England 1988 Neolithic - Late Bronze Age - Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1552b PH.BA.LB (22) ? nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1552c PH.BA.LB 840 well fill nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1338 East Gate Lancaster 73 Lancaster, Mitre Yard, Lancashire, England 1988 roman late 2nd - mid 3rd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1338b RO.RM.MR T12.9 well fill organic round pellet Roman 175 250
1338a RO.RM.MR T12.9 well fill organic Roman 175 250
1359 Stackpole Warren 77-9 nr Pembroke, Dyfed, Wales 1990 Mesolithic-roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1359a PH.BA.EB com feature fills nr early Bronze Age -1760 -1260
1377 Meare West 79 nr Meare, Somerset Levels, Somerset, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1377a PH (8) occupation layers black earth ? ? ?
1383 Hascombe 72-7 nr Godalming, Surrey, England 1979 Iron Age 200BC-50BC
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1383a PH.IA Pit 1 H77/ pit fill thick layer of carb. Iron Age -200 -000
1619 Skeldergate York 73-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1978 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1619b PH:RO.ER 2356 buried soil humic stained sandy Roman or immediatly pre-Roman -30 250
1619a RO.MR.LR (?13) well fill sands & silts pink b late Roman 100 400
1624 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1624a PR.SE.MS (3) pit/depression fills dark silty clays Anglian 580 900
1627 Sewer Lane 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1977 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1627a PR.MD.LM Phase II P pit fill organic medieval 1400 1500
1627b PR.PM.16 Phase IV P pit fill organic post medieval 1500 1550
1629 Farmoor 74-6 Farmoor, Upper Thames, Oxfordshire, England 1979 Iron Age-Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1629f RO 1072 "peat" layer - Roman ? ?
1629d RO 1060/2, 43 well fill - Roman ? ?
1629c RO 17/4 & 116 pit fill & water hole - Roman ? ?
1629e RO 1074/4 ditch fill - Roman ? ?
1629a PH:RO.IA.RB.? (5) sump, gully & ditch fills - Iron Age ? ?
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, E, London: British Museum. 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638c PH.BA.LB L20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638b PH.BA.LB L24 channel sediment nr Late Bronze Age ? ?
1918 Maiden Castle 85-6 (a) nr Dorchester, Dorset, England 1991 (Neolithic) Iron Age (Roman, med.)
Sample Period
1918a PH.NE:BA:IA
1703 Stowmarket 78 Stowmarket (Victoria Rd), Suffolk, England 1989 Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1703a RO.RB (5) kiln fill & kiln structur nr Roman (RB) 100 300
1725 Penycoed 83 Llangynog, nr Carmarthen, Dyfed, Wales 1985 late Iron Age and RB (medieval)
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1725d PH.IA? com occupation layers nr Iron Age ? ?
1725e PH.IA com ditch fills nr Iron Age ? ?
1725a PH.IA com ditch fill nr Iron Age ? ?
1725c PH.IA com post hole fills nr Iron Age ? ?
1725b PH.IA com ditch fill nr Iron Age ? ?
1728 Ferns Castle 72-5 South Fosse, Wexford, Ireland, Eire 1979 mainly 13th to early 14th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1728a PR.MD.HM - occupation layer sandy grey/black mud medieval 1200 1350
1582 Kirkby Thore 83 nr Appleby, Cumbria, England 1989 Roman - medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1582a RO (5) feature fills nr Roman 100 200
1009 Graveney Boat 70 Graveney, Kent, England 1978 10th C
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1009a PR.SE.AS R4-Gr92 wreck fill alluvial clay 10th C 900 1000
1265 Broad St Abingdon 73 (a) Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1975 Roman 2nd-4thcAD/medieval/post-med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1265a RO.RN.LR Trench II ditch fill charcoal and ash Roman 300 350
1275 Stert St 75-6 Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1979 medieval/post-med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1275a PR.MD.EM F33 & 66 pit fills nr 13th c 1200 1300
1288 Bunny nr Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England 1968 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1288a RO.MR - well fill ? Roman 100 300
1165 Ballynaraha Co. Tipperary, Tipperary, Ireland, Eire 1988 ?med/post med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1165a PR.MD:PM F5,8,9 & 1 kiln feature fills silt & clay medieval/post-medieval ? ?
1176 Elgin High St Elgin, Grampian, Scotland 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1176b PR.PM.17:18 pit 17 pit fill nr post-reformation 1600 1800
1040 Fisherwick 74-5 nr Tamworth, Staffordshire, England 1979 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1040a PH.IA.LI ij 301j ditch fill organic mud/stony sa Iron Age -200 100
1062 Doubstead 80 Scremerston, nr Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England 1982 ?Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1062a RO.RB 5 ditch fill silty clay Romano-British 075 200
1062b RO.RB F3 Area(3) pit fill carbonaceous ?Romano British 075 200
1065 Oil Mill Lane Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England 1982 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1065a PR.MD.EM F08 & F13 floor layer compressed earth wit late 12th-early 13th 1175 1225
1432 Dry Drayton 79 nr Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England 1980 medieval-post med 15th-17th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1432b PR.PM.16:17 L31/20/25 layer grey clay with charc post-medieval 1500 1700
1432a PR.PM.16 F31 8 kiln layer wood ash post-medieval 1500 1600
1555 Bierton Vale of Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England 1988 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1555d PR.MD.HM 0523/0524 occupation deposits ? medieval 1200 1500
1555b RO.RB (2) occupation deposits nr Romano-British ? ?
1555a PH.IA.LI (9) occupation deposits nr late Iron Age ? ?
1396 Borough High St (199) Southwark, London, Greater London, England 1988 Roman-post med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1396e PR.MD comb pit fills nr early-late medieval ? ?
1611 Star Carr 49-50 Seamer, nr Scarborough, North Yorkshire, England 1954 Mesolithic
Sample Period
1611a PH.ML
1647 Thetford 73-80 Thetford, Norfolk, England 1984 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1647b PR.SE.AS P15, P129, pit and ditch fills ? late Saxon ? ?
1650 Borough High St (93-95) Southwark, Greater London, England 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1650a RO - layer nr Roman 100 200
1660 Cefn Graeanog 77 Clynnog, Lleyn Peninsula, Gwynedd, Wales 1982 medieval 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1660a PR.MD.HM (9) floor layers/occupation nr medieval 1200 1300
1925 Lurk Lane 79-82 Beverley, Humberside, England 1991 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1925b PR.SE.AS Phase 4 ditch fills highly organic 9th c 800 900
1689 Thirlings 73-81 nr Wooler, Northumberland, England 1985 grooved ware/Neolithic - Anglo-Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1689a PH.NE 1858,1894, pit fills nr neolithic ? ?
1003 Danebury 78 Andover/Salisbury/Winchester, Hampshire, England 1984 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1003a PH.IA 450-1098 pit fills & layers nr Iron Age -550 -50
1129 Murton High Crags nr Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England 1987 prehist - RB & later/1000BC-2nd/3rd cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1129a PH.IA COM feature fills nr pre-Roman Iron Age -1000 0000
1134 St Paul St 77-8 Aberdeen, Farquar & Gill, Grampian, Scotland 1982 Mesolithic/c. 1200/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1134a PR.MD.HM AS223 laye boundary ditch fill organic high medieval 1275 1350
1134b PR.MD.HM comb pit fills nr high medieval 1300 1350
1137 Birrens 62-7 [Blatobulgium], nr Ecclefechan, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland 1975 1st-2nd C AD Roman Flavian/Antonine
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1137c RO.RM well well fill nr Roman 000 200
1137b RO.RM well well fill nr Roman 000 200
1249 Roxton 72-4 Bedford/St Neots, Bedfordshire, England 1985 Iron Age/Bronze/Age Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1249a PH.BA B4 cremation layer nr Bronze Age -2000 -1500
1174 Bu Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1987 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1174a PH.IA 279-290 Ph floor layers/middens nr Iron Age -803 -456
1462 Prestatyn 84-5 Prestatyn, Clwyd, Wales 1989 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1462a RO.RB.ER 2316 & 232 well fill dark grey fine silt Roman 120 190
1518 Windmill Hill 70-2 Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England 1987 Roman ?1st cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1518a RO.RN.ER No 1, 2 & corn drier fills nr Roman 000 100
1526 Norwich Castle Bailey 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1985 Saxon-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1526b PR.SE:MD:PM.AS:EM:HM 46 (1) buried soil layer nr Norman post-conquest & medieva 1075 1600
1526a PR.SE.? 1006 well fill (basal) dark brown organic late Saxon 1000 1075
1352 Brampton 73-4 Aylsham/Hoveton, Norfolk, England 1977 Roman late 1st-late 4th AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1352b RO.LR 95 & 106 P pit fills dark grey brown soil Roman 275 400
1370 Cirencester Chester Mews 64 Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England 1982 Roman 1st Century
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1370a RO.ER BC1 47 layer (o.g.s) nr Roman 45 50
1376 Wilderspool 74 Warrington, Cheshire, England 1977 early 2nd to mid 4th AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1376a RO.RN.LR nr dump nr Roman 200 300
1393 Queen St Newcastle Newcastle upon Tyne (Quayside), Tyne and Wear, England 1988 12th-19th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1393b PR.MD.HM Phase 4 accumulation organic medieval 1250 1300
1393a PR.MD.HM Phase 1&2 accumulations organic medieval 1100 1300
1394 Faccenda Farm 83 nr Alchester, Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Roman late 1st-early 3rd
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1394a RO.RN.ER (3) ditch & pit fills dark brown organic l Roman 075 150
1404 Dalton Parlours 76 Collingham, nr Wetherby, West Yorkshire, England 1990 Iron Age and Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1404a PH.RO.? K1 & K2 well fill nr Roman 350 400
1404b RO.LR L well fill silt Roman 250 370
1694 Rams Hill 72-3 nr Wantage, Berkshire, England 1975 Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1694a PH.BA com feature fills nr Bronze Age ? ?
1001 Rhuddlan 79-80 nr Rhyl, Clwyd, Wales 1985 Anglo-Saxon/Early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1001a PR.SE.AS 1-10 charcoal spread charred material Anglo-Saxon 0920 0990
1004 Highgate 77 Beverley, Humberside, England 1980 Early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1004a PR.SE.AS.? F dumped layer dark greyish brown c early medieval 0 0
1008 Thorpe Thewles 80-2 nr Stockton-on-Tees, Cleveland, England 1987 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1008a PH.IA.LI COMB feature fills silty sandy clay late Iron Age -300 100
1012 Dundas Wharf 82-3 Bristol, Avon, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1012a PR.MD.EM A buildup layer organic and alluvium medieval 1100 1225
1012b PR.MD.EM B buildup layer organic and alluvium medieval 1100 1250
1078 Culbin Sands 70 nr Nairn, Grampian, Scotland 1973 1400-1100 BC
Sample Period
1078a PH
1135 Queen St Midden Area 73 Aberdeen, Grampian, Scotland 1982 mesolithis/early 13th/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1135a PR.MD.HM FN57/F7A/5 pit fill organic high medieval 1200 1400
1135b PR.MD.HM Area I L 3 midden/dump area nr high medieval 1200 1400
1278 Appleford 73-4 nr Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1980 Bronze Age/Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1278a RO.RN:RB F 32, 200, well fill dark grey organic lo Roman 200 400
1284 North Elmham Park 62-72 North Elmham, Norwich/Fakenham, Norfolk, England 1980 middle Saxon/med/post med/9th-12th-
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1284a PR.SE.MS comb well fill olive grey silty cla mid Saxon 800 850
1319 Morton Fife 63-7 nr St Andrews, Fife, Scotland 1971 Mesolithic
Sample Period
1319a PH.ML
1203 Bromfield 66-79 Ludlow, Shropshire, England 1982 1556bc-762bc Neolithic-Beaker-Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1203b PH.NE F247 pit fill (basal) nr Neolithic -2890 -2570
1203a PH.NE F246 pit fill (basal) nr Neolithic -1556 -762
1204 Black Patch 77-9 Lewes, Sussex (E & W), England 1982 Late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1204b PH.BA.LB Huts 1&3, pit fills pure grain late Bronze Age -1130 -830
1204a PH.BA.LB HP1 7 4 post holes, floors nr late Bronze Age -1070 -830
1445 Whitefriars St 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1983 Saxon and medieval 10th-early 13th
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1445c PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Period III pit fill & layer black silty loam Saxon & medieval 1075 1200
1445b PR.SE.AS Period II accumulation layers organic/humic/silty/ Saxon 975 1100
1445a PR.SE:MD.? Period I ( accumulation layers sand layer Saxon 830 990
1511 City Arms 73 Hereford, Broad St, Hereford & Worcester, England 1985 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1511a PR.? Trench 6 L ditch fill nr medieval 1175 1250
1530 Caerwent 02-09 nr Chepstow (Venta Silurum), Gwent, Wales 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1530a RO.RB 1902-8 ex pit and well fills nr Roman ? ?
1542 West Creech Wych Farm Oilfield, Dorset, England 1991 mid-late Iron Age
Sample Period
1542a PH.IA.MI.LI
1543 Ower Peninsular Wytch Farm Oilfield, Dorset, England 1991 Late Iron Age/ Romano-British
Sample Period
1543a PH:RO.IA:RB.LI:ER
1379 East Stratton 73-4 Basingstoke/Winchester, Hampshire, England 1981 Anglo-Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1379a PR.SE.AS L57 layer ? Anglo-Saxon ? ?
1382 St Anne's Lane 85 Nantwich, plank tank, Cheshire, England 1987 Roman 2nd-4th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1382a RO.RN.MR:LR (1) tank fill dense organic mat Roman 100 400
1400 Scale Lane Lowgate 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1974 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1400c PR.MD.HM 17N floor layer ? medieval 1300 1400
1406 Aston Tirrold 89 Goring/Didcot, Oxfordshire, England 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1406a RO Ditch 3 66 ditch fill nr Roman 100 200
1412 Easton Lane nr Winchester, Hampshire, England 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1412a PH.? Area A 492 pit fills nr middle Iron Age ? ?
1601 Worcester Barrel 75 Worcester (39-47 Sidbury), Hereford & Worcester, England 1981 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1601a PR.MD.LM 1 & 2 latrine fill organic medieval 1300 1400
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617e RO.ER Group 5 (7 granary layers burnt material Roman 175 200
1617f RO.ER Group 6 (5 road layers - Roman 175 200
1617j PR.MD.EM:HM Group 10 ( pit fills - medieval 1100 1300
1617i PR.SE.AS Group 9 (2 pit fill - Anglo-Scand 800 1000
1617c RO.ER Group 3 (1 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617a RO.MR Group 1 (7 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617b RO.ER Group 2 (3 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617d RO.ER Group 4 (1 layer - Roman 150 200
1621 Coppergate 74 York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1621b PR.SE:MD Area S wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1621c PR.SE:MD Area B wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1621a PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Area N ?floor layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1621d PR.SE:MD Area E layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1636 Whitton , Glamorgan (W, M & S), Wales 1981 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1636b RO ? well fill nr ?Roman ? ?
1938 High St & Blackfriargate 73-7 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1987 late 13th-mid 14th
Sample Period
1938a PR.MD.HM
1674 Asheldham Camp 85 Dengie Peninsula, Essex, England 1991 early Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1674b PH.IA.EI Trench A & feature fills nr early Iron Age ? ?
1674a PH.IA.? Trench F ( post hole & pit fills nr early Iron Age ? ?
1734 Abbots Worthy nr Winchester, Hampshire, England 1992 middle Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1734a PR.SE.AS - SFB ? Anglo-Saxon ? ?
1734c PR.SE.AS ? pits ? Anglo-Saxon ? ?
1734d PR.SE.AS - pits ? Anglo-Saxon ? ?
1734b PR.SE.AS ? large pits ? Anglo-Saxon ? ?
1736 Milk St City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1736a PR.SE Phase 1 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1138 Newstead 05-10 nr Melrose, Borders, Scotland 1911 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1138a RO.RM.ER:MR nr pit fills dark black organic Roman 80 210
1239 Caernarfon 76-7 Segontium (Roman Caernarvon), Gwynedd, Wales 1986 Roman late 1st-early 2nd AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1239a RO.MR well 2c Si well fill sticky silt Roman 100 200
1250 Hungate York 50 York, North Yorkshire, England 1961 Roman/Anglo-Scandinavian/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1250b PR.SE.AS II nr nr late Anglo-Scandinavian ? ?
1286 Goss St 72 Chester, Goldsmiths House, Cheshire, England 1975 Roman/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1286a PR.MD.HM nr pit fill nr medeiavl 1275 1325
1305 Dominican Priory Oxford 76-83 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1985 ?medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1305a PR.MD.LM 102 & 202 drain & culvert fill dark organic silt prob 15th c 1400 1500
1149 Fairy Knowe 78 Buchlyvie, Sterling, Central, Scotland 1983 Iron Age 1st c AD - 200 AD
Sample Period
1149a PH.IA
1207 Down Farm Woodcutts, Cranborne Chase, Dorset, England 1980 Late Neolithic
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1207c PH.BA com post holes nr Bronze Age ? ?
1209 Knights Farm 1 74-8 Burghfield, nr Reading (subsite 1), Berkshire, England 1980 Bronze Age 11th-8th c bc
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1209b PH.BA 6/6 pond fill dark grey organic gr Bronze Age -800 -700
1519 Battle Abbey 78-80 Battle, nr Hastings, Sussex (E & W), England 1985 Norman - post dissolution
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1519a PR.MD:PM (7) com nr medieval/post-medieval ? ?
1524 Gallows Hill 78-9 Thetford, Norfolk, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1524a PH.? 8 (1) layer/deposit charred plant materi ?Iron Age or Roman ? ?
1554 Long Crendon 84 nr Thame, Buckinghamshire, England 1984 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1554a PH.IA Pit 100, 1 pit fill nr ?mid Iron Age ? ?
1349 Itford Hill 49-53 Beddingham, nr Lewes, Sussex (E & W), England 1957 late Bronze Age
Sample Period
1349a PH.BA.LB
1389 Hengistbury Head 70-85 nr Christchurch, Dorset, England 1987 Upper Palaeolithic to late Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1389b PH.IA.LI com - nr late Iron Age ? ?
1389d PH:RO.IA:RN.LI:ER com - nr late Iron Age/Roman & Roman ? ?
1389a PH.IA.EI.MI com - nr early to mid Iron Age ? ?
1389e ND com - nr undated ? ?
1389c PH.IA.LI com - nr late Iron Age ? ?
1620 Lloyds Bank York 72-3 6-8 Pavement, York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1620a PR.SE.AS (43) layers/?occupation floors - Anglo-Scand 900 1100
1622 Coney St York 74-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1979 roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1622a RO.RM 2077 burnt grain deposit cereal grain Roman 70 200
1622d RO.RM 2105 silt layer humic silt Roman ? ?
1622c RO.RM 2121-5 ditch fill & lower silts nr ?pre-Roman ? ?
1628 Church St York 72-3 York, North Yorkshire, England 1976 roman and later
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1628a RO nr sewer fill silts etc late Roman 300 400
1639 Bearsden nr Glasgow (Antonine Wall), Central, Scotland 19?? Roman mid 2nd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1639a RO.? column ditch fill silts Roman ? ?
1640 Maxey 79-81 nr Stamford, Cambridgeshire, England 1985 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1640b RO Phases 7-9 feature fills nr Roman ? ?
1640a PH.IA Phases 2, feature fills nr Iron Age ? ?
1663 Dan-y-Graig 86 Porthcawl, Glamorgan (W, M & S), Wales 1991 Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1663a RO.RB.LR 078, 045, kiln fill nr Roman 250 350
1763 Baker Lane 68-9 Kings Lynn 1219 KLY, Norfolk, England 1977 c. 1150-1500
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1763a PR.MD.EM Period 1 accumulation layers detritus medieval 1150 1250
1013 Little Waltham r/c 71 nr Chelmsford, Essex, England 1978 early Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1013a PH.BA.EB 1 channel fill detritus mud/alluviu early Bronze Age ? ?
1015 Ashville Estate 74-6 Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1978 Bronze Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1015c PH.IA.MI IA2 pit & ditch fills nr mid Iron Age ? ?
1015e RO.RB RB1 pit & ditch fills nr Romano-British 000 300
1015a PH.BA BA1 pit & ditch fills nr Bronze Age ? ?
1015b PH.IA.EI IA1 pit & ditch fills nr early Iron Age ? ?
1125 Kirkwall 78 Orkney, KIM 78 & KIB78, Orkney, Scotland 1982 medieval-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1125a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 KIM78, KIB midden layers/dumps blackish crumbly amo med/post-med 1400 1600
1263 Alchester 74 Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1976 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1263b RO.RN.LR 105 ditch fill fine grey silt late Roman 100 400
1263a RO.RN.ER 138 ditch fill black gritty silt wi Roman 75 100
1170 Sheils 73-4 Govan, Glasgow, Strathclyde, Scotland 1983 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1170a PH.IA - ditch fill sily/sand & organic Roman Iron Age ? ?
1043 Fore St Taunton 79 Taunton, Somerset, England 1990 Roman/post-Medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1043a PR.PM.16 P41/P22/P5 pit fill richly organic post-medieval 1500 1600
1066 Newcastle Bastion 76-81 Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England 1983 post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1066a PR.PM.17 nr ditch fill dark silty with ash mid 17thc 1650 1690
1069 Castlehill of Strachan 80-1 Grampian, Grampian, Scotland 1985 c.1250-1350
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1069a PR.MD.HM comb midden & feature fills nr high medieval 1250 1350
1439 Winnal Down 76-7 nr Winchester, Hampshire, England 1985 Bronze Age/Iron Age/RB/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1439b PH.IA.MI com pit & gully fills nr middle Iron Age ? ?
1442 Scole 73 nr Diss, Norfolk, England 1977 Romano-British Flavian-late 3rd cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1442a RO.? com well fill nr Roman 100 200
1443 St Barnabas Hospital 77 Thetford, Norfolk, England 1984 late Saxon(9/10th) to 19th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1443a PR.SE.AS comb pit fills sand/low organic Late Saxon 900 1050
1544 Ower Farm Isle of Purbeck, Dorset, England 1991 13th c
Sample Period
1544a PR.MD.HM
1353 Ashill 61 Swaffham/Watton (Site 8712), Norfolk, England 1977 Romano-British mid Ist-mid 2nd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1353a RO.RB.ER 5, 6, 7 ditch fill grey silt and peat Romano-British 50 150
1361 Dod Law West Wooler, Northumberland, England 1989 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1361a PH.IA com rampart layers nr Iron Age -300 100
1399 Chapel Lane Staith 78 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1979 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1399a PR.MD.HM (5) layer/rubbish nr medieval 1300 1400
1416 Sidbury 76 Worcester, Hereford & Worcester, England 1980 Roman-medieval-post med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1416b PR.PM.17 F19c1035 pit fill clays post-medeival 1600 1700
1673 James St Drogheda Drogheda, Louth, Ireland, Eire 1985 13th-16th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1673b PR.PM.16 - occupation deposits ? post-medieval 1500 1600
1691 Hallshill Farm 81 ?Redesdale, Northumberland, England 1985 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1691a PH.BA:LB com post hole & pit fills & b nr later Bronze Age -1200 -500
1011 West Stow (Saxon) 65-72 nr Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England 1985 Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1011b PR.SE.AS WSSFB63 SFB nr Anglo-Saxon 0 0
1011a RO. WS472 pit fill nr Roman ? ?
1242 Catcote 87 Hartlepool, Cleveland, England 1989 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1242a PH.IA.LI Area F 55 gully fills nr late Iron Age -400 -300
1306 St Aldates (33) Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Late Saxon 10th - 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1306a PR.SE.AS L11 layer humic silt ?mid-late Saxon 900 100
1306b PR.SE.AS L409 fire layer charcoal layer/dark 11th c 1000 1100
1048 Dublin 62-81 Fishamble/Wood Quay etc, Dublin, Ireland, Eire 1987 early medieval ?9th-?13/14?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1048a PR.SE.AS.? COMB various ? early medieval 0 0
1446 Alms Lane 76 Norwich, Site 302N, Norfolk, England 1985 10th-13th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1446f PR.MD:PM.LM:16 Phase 7 feature fills & occupatio nr medieval 1500 1575
1446b PR.MD.EM Phase 3 feature fills & occupatio nr medieval 1150 1275
1446c PR.MD.HM Phase 4 feature fills & occupatio mr medieval 1275 1400
1481 Bishopstone 72-5 Seaford, Sussex (E & W), England 1977 Neolithic - Iron Age - Romano-British -
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1481d PR.SE (2) pit fill ? Saxon ? ?
1481a PH.NE 357 pit fill nr neolithic ? ?
1481b PH.IA (6) pit & post hole fills nr Iron Age ? ?
1481c RO.RB (7) ? nr Romano-British ? ?
1331 Wilsford Shaft 60-2 nr Amesbury, Wiltshire, England 1989 later Bronze Age-Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1331a PH.BA.LB 1962 well fill chalk rubble with or later Bronze Age -1515 -1400
1337 Catsgore 79 nr Somerton, Somerset, England 1984 prehistoric-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1337a RO.RB.LR F872 Layer well fill nr Romano-British 250 375
1345 Denton 59 nr Grantham, Lincolnshire, England 1971 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1345a RO 610113-7 well fill organic matter Roman ? ?
1363 Tudor Merchant's House Quay St, Tenby, Dyfed, Wales 1990 post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1363a PR.PM.16 1 pit fill mineralised organic post medieval 1500 1600
1419 Poundbury 66-82 Dorchester, Dorset, England 1987 neolithic-post-roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1419e PR.SE.ES com grain drier fills nr post Roman 300 625
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616h RO:PR.LR:SE Period 8 ( buildup - Roman & ?later 300 400
1616g RO.LR Period 7 ( well fill - Roman 225 350
1616a ND Period 1 ( occupation layers - undated pre-Roman/Roman ? ?
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
1616i PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Period 9 ( pit fills - Anglo-Scand/Norman 1000 1200
1616k PR.MD.EM:HM Period 12 pit or well fills - Medieval 1200 1300
1616b RO.MR Period 2 ( buildup & ditch fill - Roman 125 175
1616c RO.MR Period 3 ( feature fills, buildups & - Roman 150 200
1616j PR.MD.EM:HM Period 11 pit fills - early medieval 1100 1300
1616f RO.MR Period 6 ( occupation layers/buildup - Roman 175 250
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, Berkshire, England 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638c PH.BA.LB L20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638b PH.BA.LB L24 channel sediment nr Late Bronze Age ? ?
1795 Ballingary Downs , Limerick, Ireland, Eire 1953 ?4th - 9th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1795a PC:PR.SE.ES ? occupation layers ? dark age 300 900
1926 Eastgate Beverley 83-86 Beverley, Humberside, England 1992 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1926a PR.SE:MD Phase 1 extensive layer sandy silt pre 8thc ? 750
1928 Speke Hall 81-2 nr Liverpool, Merseyside, England 1992 med-post-med
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1928a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 moat fill organic silty sand late med/post-med 1475 1550
1688 The Stumble Blackwater Estuary, Essex, England 1989 early 3rd millenium BC
Sample Period
1688a PH.NE
1699 Upton St Leonards 69 nr Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England 1971 Romano-British 2nd-4th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1699a RO.RN.MR:LR D4 corn drier fill clay & sand & carbon Roman 100 400
1702 Regents Park Southampton, Hampshire, England 1986 early Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1702a PH.IA.EI SOU189 (1) pit fill nr early Iron Age ? ?
1732 Peel Castle 87 Peel, IOM, Isle of Man, Isle of Man 1990 early Iron Age
Sample Period
1732a PH.IA

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007