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ABCD: Cyperaceae

Cyperaceae sedge family

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Site no Site Location Date Period
1029 Custom House London 73 City of London, Greater London, England 1974 Roman-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1029a RO.LR T111 L37 feature fill silt late Roman 175 400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 3 2
1029b PR.MD.HM I-12 & II layer `peat' layer medieval 1200 1400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w P 27 4
1527 Magistrates Court Norwich Norwich (Whitefriars St site), Norfolk, England 1988 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1527f PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1527i PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 9 2
1405 Halfpenny Lane 89 Cleeve-Didcote pipeline (nr Goring), Oxfordshire, England 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1405a PH.IA.MI (15) pit fills nr middle Iron Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 7 1
1649 Borough High St (201-211) Southwark, London, Greater London, England 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1649a PH:RO B11-1(3) channel fill nr pre-Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1649b RO B11-4 ditch fills nr Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1661 Chapeltump 1 86 Severn foreshore (Gwent), Gwent, Wales 1989 later Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1661a PH.BA.LB (3) structure surface & featu peat & clay later Bronze Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 9 3
propagule/s, seed/s w 190 4
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 1 1
1595 Friernhay St Exeter 81 Exeter, Devon, England 1984 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1595a RO.RM.ER (4) ditch fills nr Roman 000 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 3 1
1229 Craigs 85 Dunley Co. Antrim, Antrim, N. Ireland 1988 late medieval
Sample Period
1229a PR.PM
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c Q + 1
1185 Brough Road 76-82 Birsay, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1185c PR.SE.ES:MS Area 3 ? nr later Pictish early Viking ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 41 3
1610 Walton 73-4 Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England 1976 Saxon (5th-7th cAD) - medieval
Sample Period
1610a PR.SE
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1737 Watling Court City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1737b PR.SE.AS Phase 4-5 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q p 1
1017 Watergate St 85 Chester, Cheshire, England 1988 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1017a PR.MD.HM F9 pit fill organic dark brown mid 13th 1225 1275
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w 1 1
1265 Broad St Abingdon 73 (a) Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1975 Roman 2nd-4thcAD/medieval/post-med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1265a RO.RN.LR Trench II ditch fill charcoal and ash Roman 300 350
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 10 3
1176 Elgin High St Elgin, Grampian, Scotland 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1176a PR.PM.17:18 pit 18 pit fill nr post-reformation 1600 1800
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
rhizome/s or root/s w Q + 1
1040 Fisherwick 74-5 nr Tamworth, Staffordshire, England 1979 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1040b PH.IA.LI 302f ditch fill black friable stonel Iron Age -200 100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w % 4 2
1042 Birmingham Moat 73-5 Birmingham, West Midlands, England 1980 medieval-post-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1042b PR.PM.16:17 ML3 Base 3 moat fill fine sandy silt loam med/post-medieval 1450 1700
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w % 1 1
1525 Queen St King's Lynn 77 King's Lynn, Norfolk, England 1982 late 12th and early 13th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1525a PR.MD.HM 13 & 2 dumped layer dark greyish brown s early medieval 1000 1250
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1750 Glenluce 56 Torrs Warren, Glenluce sand dunes, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland 1959 15th c (c. 1495)
Sample Period
1750a PR.MD.LM
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w Q p 1
1797 Miles Lane City of London, Greater London, England 1991 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1797a PR.SE:MD.AS:EM (12) pit fills ? Saxo-Norman or early medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q p 1
1279 Dunston's Clump 81 Babworth, nr East Retford, Nottinghamshire, England 1988 late 1stcBC-3rdcAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1279a PH:RO.IA:RB Phase I & pit/post hole fills sandy Iron Age/Romano-British 50 50
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 2 1
1071 North Mains 78-9 Strathallan, nr Perth, Tayside, Scotland 1983 early/mid 2nd millenium bc
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1071a PH.BA SF17 pot fill black greasy goo! Bronze Age -1670 -1410
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w % 1 1
1390 Sandal Castle 64-73 Wetherby/Leeds, West Yorkshire, England 1980 c. 1500-1600
Sample Period
1390a PR.PM.16
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w p 1
1001 Rhuddlan 79-80 nr Rhyl, Clwyd, Wales 1985 Anglo-Saxon/Early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1001a PR.SE.AS 1-10 charcoal spread charred material Anglo-Saxon 0920 0990
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1004 Highgate 77 Beverley, Humberside, England 1980 Early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1004a PR.SE.AS.? F dumped layer dark greyish brown c early medieval 0 0
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 3 1
1012 Dundas Wharf 82-3 Bristol, Avon, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1012a PR.MD.EM A buildup layer organic and alluvium medieval 1100 1225
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 135 4
1012b PR.MD.EM B buildup layer organic and alluvium medieval 1100 1250
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 164 4
1224 Brough of Birsay 74-82 Orkney (Mainland), Orkney, Scotland 1986 early Christain-Norse
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1224a PR.SE.MS phase 1 features ? early Christian/Norse 650 850
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1445 Whitefriars St 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1983 Saxon and medieval 10th-early 13th
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1445c PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Period III pit fill & layer black silty loam Saxon & medieval 1075 1200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1445b PR.SE.AS Period II accumulation layers organic/humic/silty/ Saxon 975 1100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1601 Worcester Barrel 75 Worcester (39-47 Sidbury), Hereford & Worcester, England 1981 medieval
Sample Period
1601b PR.MD.LM
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w % + 1
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617j PR.MD.EM:HM Group 10 ( pit fills - medieval 1100 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 1 1
1617a RO.MR Group 1 (7 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 1 1
1751 Bryn Cysegrfan 79 Llanfair Clydogau, nr Lampeter, Dyfed, Wales 1988 medieval to 19th c.
Sample Period
1751a PR.MD:PM
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w Q% 13 1
1938 High St & Blackfriargate 73-7 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1987 late 13th-mid 14th
Sample Period
1938a PR.MD.HM
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
stem epidermis fragment/s w Q p 1
1736 Milk St City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1736a PR.SE Phase 1 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q p 1
1736b PR.SE.AS Phase 2 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q p 1
1736d PR.SE.AS Phase 5-6 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q p 1
1305 Dominican Priory Oxford 76-83 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1985 ?medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1305a PR.MD.LM 102 & 202 drain & culvert fill dark organic silt prob 15th c 1400 1500
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 8 2
1159 Mavis Grind 78-9 Shetland, Shetland, Scotland 1983 Late Bronze/Early Iron Age
Sample Period
1159a PH.BA:IA.BI
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1524 Gallows Hill 78-9 Thetford, Norfolk, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1524a PH.? 8 (1) layer/deposit charred plant materi ?Iron Age or Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
stem fragment/s (non-cereal) c Q p 1
1364 Tudor Merchant's House Quay St, Tenby, Dyfed, Wales 1990 post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1364a PR.PM.16 1 pit fill mineralised organic post medieval 1500 1600
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w 5 1
1389 Hengistbury Head 70-85 nr Christchurch, Dorset, England 1987 Upper Palaeolithic to late Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1389e ND com - nr undated ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c Q * 1
1389c PH.IA.LI com - nr late Iron Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c Q * 1
1417 Brean Down 83-7 Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England 1990 Neolithic to post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1417g PH.BA.LB Unit 4 (1) occupation layer nr late Bronze Age -1940 -800
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1417f PH.BA.MB:LB Unit 5b (1 occupation layer nr mid to late Bronze Age -2020 -840
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1620 Lloyds Bank York 72-3 6-8 Pavement, York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1620a PR.SE.AS (43) layers/?occupation floors - Anglo-Scand 900 1100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 3 1
1622 Coney St York 74-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1979 roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1622b RO.RM 2121 ditch fill & lower silts nr ?pre-Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w % 1 1
1628 Church St York 72-3 York, North Yorkshire, England 1976 roman and later
Sample Period
1628b RO
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w % 1 1
1739 Peninsular House City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early mediaval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1739a PR.SE Phases 1-4 hearths/occupation layers ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q p 1
1125 Kirkwall 78 Orkney, KIM 78 & KIB78, Orkney, Scotland 1982 medieval-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1125a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 KIM78, KIB midden layers/dumps blackish crumbly amo med/post-med 1400 1600
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q + 1
1245 Castle Acre 72-7 nr Swaffham, Norfolk, England 1983 1085-late 12thc
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1245a PR.MD.EM comb make up/midden nr medieval 1140 1200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
propagule/s, seed/s m 3 1
1357 Moel y Gerddi 80-1 nr Harlech, Gwynedd, Wales 1988 Neolithic-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1357a PH.NE com feature fills nr Neolithic -2800 -2450
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 2 1
1742 Barclays Bank York, High Ousegate, North Yorkshire, England 1971 AS/Medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1742a PR.SE.AS (1) nr nr ?AS ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w p 1
1755 Killyliss 82 Co. Tyrone, Tyrone, N. Ireland 1984 Dark Age-early christian 8th-11thcAd
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1755a PC:PR.SE KL2 Trench ditch fill grey/green to reddis dark age/early Christian 700 1100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w Q p 1
1794 Upper Thames St City of London, Greater London, England 1980 Roman - medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1794c PR.MD.HM 2, 306 dumped layer nr medieval 1200 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 48 3
1794b RO:PR.LR:SE.ES:MS 199, 181, dump layers nr late Roman to 8th c ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 143 4
1794a RO Area VI 30 layer highly organic Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 114 4
1794d PR.MD 146, 141 buildup layer nr medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 43 3
1011 West Stow (Saxon) 65-72 nr Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England 1985 Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1011a RO. WS472 pit fill nr Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1105 Holland 79 nr Kirkwall, Mainland, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1981 Bronze Age
Sample Period
1105a PH.BA
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1306 St Aldates (33) Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Late Saxon 10th - 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1306b PR.SE.AS L409 fire layer charcoal layer/dark 11th c 1000 1100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c ! 1 1
1446 Alms Lane 76 Norwich, Site 302N, Norfolk, England 1985 10th-13th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1446f PR.MD:PM.LM:16 Phase 7 feature fills & occupatio nr medieval 1500 1575
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c ! 2 1
1446c PR.MD.HM Phase 4 feature fills & occupatio mr medieval 1275 1400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s m ! 2 1
1372 Taunton Priory 80 Taunton, Somerset, England 1984 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1372d PR.MD F69 ditch fill dark grey soil with medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s a Q p 1
1419 Poundbury 66-82 Dorchester, Dorset, England 1987 neolithic-post-roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1419d PR.SE.ES com feature fills nr post roman 350 650
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1419b PH.IA com pit and ditch fills & occ nr Iron Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 3 1
1419e PR.SE.ES com grain drier fills nr post Roman 300 625
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 8 1
1419c RO com pit & ditch fills nr Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 3 1
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 3 1
1616k PR.MD.EM:HM Period 12 pit or well fills - Medieval 1200 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 1 1
1616c RO.MR Period 3 ( feature fills, buildups & - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 1 1
1616j PR.MD.EM:HM Period 11 pit fills - early medieval 1100 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 1 1
1926 Eastgate Beverley 83-86 Beverley, Humberside, England 1992 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1926a PR.SE:MD Phase 1 extensive layer sandy silt pre 8thc ? 750
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1705 St Nicholas Church Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England 1985 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1705a PR.MD 16 & 19 street layer organic medieval 1000 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 3 1
1735 Wraysbury nr Staines, Berkshire, England 1989 Bronze Age-Roman and Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1735a PR.SE (54) feature fills 1 Saxon ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c Q 2 1

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007