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ABCD: Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium L. holly

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Site no Site Location Date Period
1295 Silchester 1900-08 nr Reading, Hampshire, England 1908 Roman c5AD-c450AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1295a RO com well & pit fills nr Roman 5 450
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves ? Q + 1
1527 Magistrates Court Norwich Norwich (Whitefriars St site), Norfolk, England 1988 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1527f PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves w + 1
1527b PR.SE.AS Period 1 ( pit fills nr Saxo-Norman 1000 1150
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves w + 1
1527c PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves w + 1
1527d PR.MD:PM.LM:16 Period 3 latrine fill nr medieval 1450 1550
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves c + 1
1527i PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves w + 1
1645 West Row Fen 82-6 nr Mildenhall, Suffolk, England 1983 Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1645a PH.BA com pit & post hole fills & o nr early-mid Bronze Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves w p 1
waterlogged wood w p 1
1778 Ballyfounder 55 Co. Down, Down, N. Ireland 1959 Dark Age and 13th c
Sample Period
1778a PR.SE
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
charred wood (charcoal) c Z p 1
1778b PR.MD.HM
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
charred wood (charcoal) c Z p 1
1790 Lissue 47 nr Lisburn, Antrim, N. Ireland 1951 9th to late 10th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1790a PR:PC.SE - ditch fills muds AS? 800 950
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves w p 1
1791 Lagore 50 Dunshaughlin, Co. Meath, Meath, Ireland, Eire 1950 mid 7th - late 10th c AD
Sample Period
1791a PR:PC.SE
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
waterlogged wood w p 1
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920c PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
waterlogged wood w Q + 1
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 35 3
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 67 3
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 10 2
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 26 3
1727 Crown Court 85-6 Newcastle Quayside, Tyne and Wear, England 1989 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1727a PR.MD com many ? medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1577 Swallowcliffe Down Shaftesbury/Salisbury, Wiltshire, England 1925 Early Iron Age (La Tene 1)
Sample Period
1577a PH.IA.EI
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
charred wood (charcoal) c p 1
1050 Monkwearmouth 64-70 Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England 1971 Saxon/Medieval
Sample Period
1050a PR.SE.AS
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
waterlogged wood w Z p 1
1017 Watergate St 85 Chester, Cheshire, England 1988 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1017a PR.MD.HM F9 pit fill organic dark brown mid 13th 1225 1275
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w + 1
1042 Birmingham Moat 73-5 Birmingham, West Midlands, England 1980 medieval-post-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1042a PR.PM.16:17 ML3 Base 3 moat fill fine sandy silt loam med/post-medieval 1450 1700
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1042b PR.PM.16:17 ML3 Base 3 moat fill fine sandy silt loam med/post-medieval 1450 1700
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
pollen grain/s or spore/s w Q + 1
1665 Bagendon 54-6 Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England 1961 ?
Sample Period
1665a PH.IA.LI
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
charred wood (charcoal) c Z p 1
1390 Sandal Castle 64-73 Wetherby/Leeds, West Yorkshire, England 1980 c. 1500-1600
Sample Period
1390b PR.MD:PM.LM:16
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
charred wood (charcoal) c Z p 1
1393 Queen St Newcastle Newcastle upon Tyne (Quayside), Tyne and Wear, England 1988 12th-19th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1393b PR.MD.HM Phase 4 accumulation organic medieval 1250 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves w Q 1 1
1413 Cassington 50-2 nr Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1982 Neolithic/Iron Age Romano-British
Sample Period
1413a PH:RO.IA:RB.LI.ER
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
charred wood (charcoal) c p 1
1031 Danebury 78 Andover/Salisbury/Winchester, Hampshire, England 1984 Iron Age
Sample Period
1031a PH.IA
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
charred wood (charcoal) c p 1
1099 Iona 79 Iona, Strathclyde, Scotland 1981 ??Iron age/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1099a PC:PR.SE.ES:MS D1 ditch fill "peat" dark age/early Christian 475 800
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves w Q p 1
1256 Dinas Emrys 54-6 Beddgelert, Gwynedd, Wales 1961 Iron Age/Romano-British/Dark Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1256a PC:PR com pool fill nr sub-roman dark age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves w Q + 1
twig/s w Q + 1
propagule/s, seed/s w Q + 1
1445 Whitefriars St 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1983 Saxon and medieval 10th-early 13th
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1445b PR.SE.AS Period II accumulation layers organic/humic/silty/ Saxon 975 1100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves w + 1
propagule/s, seed/s w 5 2
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617a RO.MR Group 1 (7 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 1 1
1938 High St & Blackfriargate 73-7 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1987 late 13th-mid 14th
Sample Period
1938a PR.MD.HM
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves w Q p 1
1760 Hazleton North 79-82 Cheltenham/Northleach, Gloucestershire, England 1990 Neolithic
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1760a PH.NE - buried `soil' nr Neolithic ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
charred wood (charcoal) c Q% 1 1
1214 Granville St 73 Southampton SAR XI, Hampshire, England 1976 Middle - Late Saxon 8th C
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1214a PR.SE.MS SARXIF47 pit fill organic mid-late Saxon ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves w 1 1
1069 Castlehill of Strachan 80-1 Grampian, Grampian, Scotland 1985 c.1250-1350
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1069a PR.MD.HM comb midden & feature fills nr high medieval 1250 1350
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
charred wood (charcoal) c + 1
1367 Over Rig nr Girvan, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland 1988 ?Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1367a PH.IA.? nr ditch fill nr Iron Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
waterlogged wood w p 1
1799 Rush Green 82 Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, England 1983 mid-late Bronze Age
Sample Period
1799a PH.BA.MB:LB
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
charred wood (charcoal) c p 1
61 Callow Hill nr Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England 1957 Romano-British
Sample
0061a
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
charred wood (charcoal) c Z + 1
1041 Shackerley Mound 81 Telford/Wolverhampton, Shropshire, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1041a PR.MD.HM:LM 2nd moat moat fill sandy silts medieval 1289 1500
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w 2 1
1041b PR.MD.HM 1st moat moat fill sandy silt medieval 1246 1275
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w 1 1
1048 Dublin 62-81 Fishamble/Wood Quay etc, Dublin, Ireland, Eire 1987 early medieval ?9th-?13/14?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1048a PR.SE.AS.? COMB various ? early medieval 0 0
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
not specified (cf. not ) ? p 1
1446 Alms Lane 76 Norwich, Site 302N, Norfolk, England 1985 10th-13th cAD
Sample Period
1446j PR.SE:MD:PM
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c ! 1 1
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 1 1
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 2 1
1616c RO.MR Period 3 ( feature fills, buildups & - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 1 1
1616f RO.MR Period 6 ( occupation layers/buildup - Roman 175 250
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaf epidermis fragment/s w Q 1 1
1926 Eastgate Beverley 83-86 Beverley, Humberside, England 1992 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1926a PR.SE:MD Phase 1 extensive layer sandy silt pre 8thc ? 750
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1928 Speke Hall 81-2 nr Liverpool, Merseyside, England 1992 med-post-med
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1928a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 moat fill organic silty sand late med/post-med 1475 1550
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
leaves w 2 1
1590 Okehampton Castle 72-80 Okehampton, Devon, England 1982 medieval (1068) - post medieval
Sample Period
1590a PR.MD:PM
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
waterlogged wood w p 1

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007