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ABCD: Linum usitatissimum

Linum usitatissimum L. cultivated flax

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Site no Site Location Date Period
1035 Tiddington nr Thame, Oxfordshire, England 1988 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1035a RO.RN.ER 579 well fill clay & pebbles Roman 000 200
1219 Hertford Civic Hall 67 Hertford, The Wash, Hertfordshire, England 1977 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1219a PR.MD.HM 11 & 13 ditch fill grey silt medieval 1200 1300
1144 Crosskirk 66-72 Caithness, Highland, Scotland 1984 Iron Age?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1144b PH:RO:PC:PR.RB Periods 2- com nr ? -200 200
1527 Magistrates Court Norwich Norwich (Whitefriars St site), Norfolk, England 1988 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1527f PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1527a PR.SE:MD.? 1119, 1122 gully fill nr Period 2 1100 1300
1527e PR.SE.AS Period 1 pit fills nr Saxo-Norman 1000 1150
1527i PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1347 Billingsgate 74 Lower Thames St., City of London, Greater London, England 1980 Roman to post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1347a RO.ER Period II layer grey sand and gravel Roman 000 100
1392 Watkins Farm Northmoor, nr Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1990 IronAge - Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1392c RO.RB Site A (5) well, sump & gully fills nr Romano-British ? ?
1392b PH.IA 498 burial pit nr Iron Age ? ?
1392d RO.RB Site B (4) water hole, pond & ditch nr Roman ? ?
1623 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1623a RO (4) well fill matrix of course san Roman 300 450
1634 Bishops Court Dorchester, Dorset, England 1981 Saxon 5-6th AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1634a PR.SE.ES nr well fill nr Saxon 400 600
1645 West Row Fen 82-6 nr Mildenhall, Suffolk, England 1983 Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1645a PH.BA com pit & post hole fills & o nr early-mid Bronze Age ? ?
1790 Lissue 47 nr Lisburn, Antrim, N. Ireland 1951 9th to late 10th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1790a PR:PC.SE - ditch fills muds AS? 800 950
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1675 Althrey Hall nr Wrexham, Clwyd, Wales 1991 16th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1675a PR.PM.16 - daub clay matrix post-medieval 1500 1600
1727 Crown Court 85-6 Newcastle Quayside, Tyne and Wear, England 1989 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1727a PR.MD com many ? medieval ? ?
1166 College Goods Yard High St, Glasgow, Strathclyde, Scotland 1986 late medieval-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1166a PR.MD:PM comb pit fills nr late-post-medieval ? ?
1185 Brough Road 76-82 Birsay, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1185b PR.SE.ES:MS Area 2 all middens nr later Pictish early Viking ? ?
1185c PR.SE.ES:MS Area 3 ? nr later Pictish early Viking ? ?
1054 Saddler St 74 Durham City, Durham, England 1979 10th-early 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1054a PR.SE.AS 1726/1589/ middens/drain fill nr Saxo-Norman 771 1203
1054b PR.SE.AS 1576/1575/ pit fill & midden nr Saxo-Norman 593 1178
1619 Skeldergate York 73-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1978 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1619a RO.MR.LR (?13) well fill sands & silts pink b late Roman 100 400
1627 Sewer Lane 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1977 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1627c PR.PM.16:17 Phase V P4 pit fill/watercourse organic post medieval 1575 1650
1629 Farmoor 74-6 Farmoor, Upper Thames, Oxfordshire, England 1979 Iron Age-Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1629d RO 1060/2, 43 well fill - Roman ? ?
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, E, London: British Museum. 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638e PH.BA.LB L19 midden nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638c PH.BA.LB L20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638d PH.BA.LB L14/20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638h PH.BA.LB column WF1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
1638b PH.BA.LB L24 channel sediment nr Late Bronze Age ? ?
1009 Graveney Boat 70 Graveney, Kent, England 1978 10th C
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1009a PR.SE.AS R4-Gr92 wreck fill alluvial clay 10th C 900 1000
1017 Watergate St 85 Chester, Cheshire, England 1988 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1017a PR.MD.HM F9 pit fill organic dark brown mid 13th 1225 1275
1247 Pevensey 07-8 nr Eastbourne, Sussex (E & W), England 1908 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1247a RO.RM.LR com well fill nr Roman 200 400
1257 Belle Tout 68-9 Seaford/Eastbourne, Sussex (E & W), England 1970 ?Neolithic Beaker
Sample Period
1257a PH.NE:BA.BE
1178 Saevar Howe 77 Birsay, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1983 Viking overlying Pictish
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1178a PR.SE.AS Phase IIb/ house floors nr norse 9th c 800 900
1925 Lurk Lane 79-82 Beverley, Humberside, England 1991 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1925c PR.SE.AS Phase 5 ditch & pit fills dark grey silt 10-11th c 900 1100
1925b PR.SE.AS Phase 4 ditch fills highly organic 9th c 800 900
1134 St Paul St 77-8 Aberdeen, Farquar & Gill, Grampian, Scotland 1982 Mesolithic/c. 1200/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1134a PR.MD.HM AS223 laye boundary ditch fill organic high medieval 1275 1350
1134b PR.MD.HM comb pit fills nr high medieval 1300 1350
1071 North Mains 78-9 Strathallan, nr Perth, Tayside, Scotland 1983 early/mid 2nd millenium bc
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1071a PH.BA SF17 pot fill black greasy goo! Bronze Age -1670 -1410
1526 Norwich Castle Bailey 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1985 Saxon-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1526a PR.SE.? 1006 well fill (basal) dark brown organic late Saxon 1000 1075
1362 Stonea 80-4 nr March, Cambridgeshire, England 1991 Bronze Age/Roman/Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1362a RO.MR com occupation deposits nr Roman 130 220
1393 Queen St Newcastle Newcastle upon Tyne (Quayside), Tyne and Wear, England 1988 12th-19th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1393b PR.MD.HM Phase 4 accumulation organic medieval 1250 1300
1393a PR.MD.HM Phase 1&2 accumulations organic medieval 1100 1300
1404 Dalton Parlours 76 Collingham, nr Wetherby, West Yorkshire, England 1990 Iron Age and Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1404c RO.MR M1 & M2 well fill black organic soil Roman 150 250
1666 Hereford City 70 Hereford, Hereford & Worcester, England 1971 Saxon 10th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1666b PR.MD.? Site C ditch fill ? medieval? ? ?
1012 Dundas Wharf 82-3 Bristol, Avon, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1012a PR.MD.EM A buildup layer organic and alluvium medieval 1100 1225
1012b PR.MD.EM B buildup layer organic and alluvium medieval 1100 1250
1135 Queen St Midden Area 73 Aberdeen, Grampian, Scotland 1982 mesolithis/early 13th/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1135a PR.MD.HM FN57/F7A/5 pit fill organic high medieval 1200 1400
1278 Appleford 73-4 nr Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1980 Bronze Age/Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1278a RO.RN:RB F 32, 200, well fill dark grey organic lo Roman 200 400
1445 Whitefriars St 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1983 Saxon and medieval 10th-early 13th
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1445b PR.SE.AS Period II accumulation layers organic/humic/silty/ Saxon 975 1100
1445a PR.SE:MD.? Period I ( accumulation layers sand layer Saxon 830 990
1374 Oakbank Crannog Loch Tay, Tayside, Scotland 1988 Bronze Age/Iron Age transition
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1374a PH.BA:IA.BI com occupation layers organic Bronze Age/Iron Age transition -705 -200
1400 Scale Lane Lowgate 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1974 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1400a PR.MD.HM 30/36 garderobe ? medieval 1350 1400
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617j PR.MD.EM:HM Group 10 ( pit fills - medieval 1100 1300
1617c RO.ER Group 3 (1 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617a RO.MR Group 1 (7 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617b RO.ER Group 2 (3 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1621 Coppergate 74 York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1621b PR.SE:MD Area S wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1621a PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Area N ?floor layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1729 Shop St Drogheda 81 Drogheda, Co. Louth, Louth, Ireland, Eire 1984 early 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1729a PR.MD.EM:HM 21 & 19 occupation layers brown fiberous organ medieval 1200 1300
1734 Abbots Worthy nr Winchester, Hampshire, England 1992 middle Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1734a PR.SE.AS - SFB ? Anglo-Saxon ? ?
1736 Milk St City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1736a PR.SE Phase 1 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1736b PR.SE.AS Phase 2 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1736d PR.SE.AS Phase 5-6 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1736c PR.SE.AS Phase 4 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1307 St Aldates (65) Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1984 late Saxon - 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1307a PR.SE:MD.AS:EM L318/7 sediment silt 11thc 1000 1100
1389 Hengistbury Head 70-85 nr Christchurch, Dorset, England 1987 Upper Palaeolithic to late Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1389b PH.IA.LI com - nr late Iron Age ? ?
1401 Staunch Meadow 80-7 Brandon, Norfolk, England 1988 middle Saxon
Sample Period
1401a PR.SE.MS
1620 Lloyds Bank York 72-3 6-8 Pavement, York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1620a PR.SE.AS (43) layers/?occupation floors - Anglo-Scand 900 1100
1639 Bearsden nr Glasgow (Antonine Wall), Central, Scotland 19?? Roman mid 2nd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1639a RO.? column ditch fill silts Roman ? ?
1002 Cowick 76 nr Snaith, Humberside, England 1989 late medieval, post 1321
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1002a PR.MD.LM 51 moat fill organic late-medieval 1323 1500
1125 Kirkwall 78 Orkney, KIM 78 & KIB78, Orkney, Scotland 1982 medieval-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1125a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 KIM78, KIB midden layers/dumps blackish crumbly amo med/post-med 1400 1600
1244 Hartlepool 84-5 Church Close, Cleveland, England 1988 Anglo-Saxon/7th-8thc - medieval
Sample Period
1244a PR.SE.MS
1211 Aldermaston Wharf Reading/Newbury, Berkshire, England 1980 Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1211a PH.BA com pit fills nr Bronze Age ? ?
1399 Chapel Lane Staith 78 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1979 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1399a PR.MD.HM (5) layer/rubbish nr medieval 1300 1400
1306 St Aldates (33) Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Late Saxon 10th - 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1306a PR.SE.AS L11 layer humic silt ?mid-late Saxon 900 100
1041 Shackerley Mound 81 Telford/Wolverhampton, Shropshire, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1041b PR.MD.HM 1st moat moat fill sandy silt medieval 1246 1275
1048 Dublin 62-81 Fishamble/Wood Quay etc, Dublin, Ireland, Eire 1987 early medieval ?9th-?13/14?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1048a PR.SE.AS.? COMB various ? early medieval 0 0
1331 Wilsford Shaft 60-2 nr Amesbury, Wiltshire, England 1989 later Bronze Age-Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1331a PH.BA.LB 1962 well fill chalk rubble with or later Bronze Age -1515 -1400
1363 Tudor Merchant's House Quay St, Tenby, Dyfed, Wales 1990 post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1363a PR.PM.16 1 pit fill mineralised organic post medieval 1500 1600
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616g RO.LR Period 7 ( well fill - Roman 225 350
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
1616i PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Period 9 ( pit fills - Anglo-Scand/Norman 1000 1200
1616k PR.MD.EM:HM Period 12 pit or well fills - Medieval 1200 1300
1616b RO.MR Period 2 ( buildup & ditch fill - Roman 125 175
1616c RO.MR Period 3 ( feature fills, buildups & - Roman 150 200
1616j PR.MD.EM:HM Period 11 pit fills - early medieval 1100 1300
1616f RO.MR Period 6 ( occupation layers/buildup - Roman 175 250
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, Berkshire, England 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638e PH.BA.LB L19 midden nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638c PH.BA.LB L20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638d PH.BA.LB L14/20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638h PH.BA.LB column WF1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
1638b PH.BA.LB L24 channel sediment nr Late Bronze Age ? ?
1653 St Thomas St Southwark, London, Greater London, England 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1653a RO F28 B111 2 pit fill organic Roman 160 200
1744 Westgate St Gloucester 75 Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England 1979 lowland roman 4th-5th/12thc/post med.
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1744a PR.SE.MD Period 4-6 pit fills (mostly) peat-like 9th-12thc 800 1200
1926 Eastgate Beverley 83-86 Beverley, Humberside, England 1992 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1926a PR.SE:MD Phase 1 extensive layer sandy silt pre 8thc ? 750

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007