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ABCD: Lycopus europaeus

Lycopus europaeus L. gipsywort

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Site no Site Location Date Period
1219 Hertford Civic Hall 67 Hertford, The Wash, Hertfordshire, England 1977 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1219a PR.MD.HM 11 & 13 ditch fill grey silt medieval 1200 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1295 Silchester 1900-08 nr Reading, Hampshire, England 1908 Roman c5AD-c450AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1295a RO com well & pit fills nr Roman 5 450
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q + 1
1429 Hockwold-cum-Wilton 61-2 nr Brandon, Norfolk, England 1967 Bronze Age-Iron Age-Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1429a RO.RN.MR Site 7188 pit fill loose dark grey brow Roman 200 500
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w + 1
1527 Magistrates Court Norwich Norwich (Whitefriars St site), Norfolk, England 1988 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1527i PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1375 Church St Carmarthen 76 Carmarthen, Dyfed, Wales 1978 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1375a RO.RM.LR well 59 well fill compacted plant rema Roman 275 350
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1392 Watkins Farm Northmoor, nr Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1990 IronAge - Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1392c RO.RB Site A (5) well, sump & gully fills nr Romano-British ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1392a PH.IA (2) ditch & gully fill nr Iron Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 17 3
1392b PH.IA 498 burial pit nr Iron Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1392d RO.RB Site B (4) water hole, pond & ditch nr Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 4 1
1645 West Row Fen 82-6 nr Mildenhall, Suffolk, England 1983 Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1645a PH.BA com pit & post hole fills & o nr early-mid Bronze Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w p 1
1649 Borough High St (201-211) Southwark, London, Greater London, England 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1649b RO B11-4 ditch fills nr Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1661 Chapeltump 1 86 Severn foreshore (Gwent), Gwent, Wales 1989 later Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1661a PH.BA.LB (3) structure surface & featu peat & clay later Bronze Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 4 1
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 6 1
1727 Crown Court 85-6 Newcastle Quayside, Tyne and Wear, England 1989 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1727a PR.MD com many ? medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1037 Austin Friars 73-8 Leicester, Leicestershire, England 1985 pre-Boreal
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1037a PH AF389 1983 natural peat peat underlying blue pre-Boreal ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 318 4
1552 Lofts Farm 84-5 Heybridge, Blackwater Estuary, Essex, England 1988 Neolithic - Late Bronze Age - Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1552c PH.BA.LB 840 well fill nr late Bronze Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1619 Skeldergate York 73-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1978 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1619b PH:RO.ER 2356 buried soil humic stained sandy Roman or immediatly pre-Roman -30 250
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1619a RO.MR.LR (?13) well fill sands & silts pink b late Roman 100 400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
1629 Farmoor 74-6 Farmoor, Upper Thames, Oxfordshire, England 1979 Iron Age-Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1629f RO 1072 "peat" layer - Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 69 3
1629e RO 1074/4 ditch fill - Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1629a PH:RO.IA.RB.? (5) sump, gully & ditch fills - Iron Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 13 2
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, E, London: British Museum. 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638g PH.BA.LB column SS1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 4 1
1638h PH.BA.LB column WF1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 8 1
1040 Fisherwick 74-5 nr Tamworth, Staffordshire, England 1979 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1040a PH.IA.LI ij 301j ditch fill organic mud/stony sa Iron Age -200 100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 222 4
1044 Hen Domen 60-74 Montgomery, Powys, Wales 1982 pre-Conquest/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1044a PR.MD.HM F1/27 pit fill organic medieval 1223 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 3 1
1396 Borough High St (199) Southwark, London, Greater London, England 1988 Roman-post med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1396e PR.MD comb pit fills nr early-late medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1397 Finck St 78 London, Lambeth, Greater London, England 1988 Roman-late medieval
Sample Period
1397a RO:PR.MD
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 5 1
1418 Melbourne St 71-6 Southampton, Hamwih, Hampshire, England 1980 Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1418c PR.SE.MS.AS SARCVIF30 pit fill nr Saxon 700 900
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1647 Thetford 73-80 Thetford, Norfolk, England 1984 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1647b PR.SE.AS P15, P129, pit and ditch fills ? late Saxon ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 21 3
1393 Queen St Newcastle Newcastle upon Tyne (Quayside), Tyne and Wear, England 1988 12th-19th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1393b PR.MD.HM Phase 4 accumulation organic medieval 1250 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
1394 Faccenda Farm 83 nr Alchester, Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Roman late 1st-early 3rd
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1394a RO.RN.ER (3) ditch & pit fills dark brown organic l Roman 075 150
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 4 1
1007 Tattershall Thorpe 79-80 nr Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England 1986 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1007a PH.IA 12 ditch fill highly organic Iron Age -580 -220
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1012 Dundas Wharf 82-3 Bristol, Avon, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1012a PR.MD.EM A buildup layer organic and alluvium medieval 1100 1225
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1012b PR.MD.EM B buildup layer organic and alluvium medieval 1100 1250
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 3 1
1278 Appleford 73-4 nr Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1980 Bronze Age/Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1278a RO.RN:RB F 32, 200, well fill dark grey organic lo Roman 200 400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 7 2
1511 City Arms 73 Hereford, Broad St, Hereford & Worcester, England 1985 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1511a PR.? Trench 6 L ditch fill nr medieval 1175 1250
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? 1 1
1387 Ilchester 74-5 Ilchester, Somerset, England 1982 roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1387b RO.ER 3(6) ditch fill nr Roman 100 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1400 Scale Lane Lowgate 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1974 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1400d PR.MD.HM 41 floor layer nr medieval 1300 1400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617a RO.MR Group 1 (7 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
1617b RO.ER Group 2 (3 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
1621 Coppergate 74 York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1621c PR.SE:MD Area B wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
1621a PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Area N ?floor layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 2 1
1736 Milk St City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1736a PR.SE Phase 1 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q p 1
1736d PR.SE.AS Phase 5-6 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q p 1
1239 Caernarfon 76-7 Segontium (Roman Caernarvon), Gwynedd, Wales 1986 Roman late 1st-early 2nd AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1239a RO.MR well 2c Si well fill sticky silt Roman 100 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1250 Hungate York 50 York, North Yorkshire, England 1961 Roman/Anglo-Scandinavian/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1250b PR.SE.AS II nr nr late Anglo-Scandinavian ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q + 1
1305 Dominican Priory Oxford 76-83 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1985 ?medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1305a PR.MD.LM 102 & 202 drain & culvert fill dark organic silt prob 15th c 1400 1500
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1305b PR.MD.EM:HM B&C&D alluvium & floodplain dep alluvium pre-mid 13th c ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1209 Knights Farm 1 74-8 Burghfield, nr Reading (subsite 1), Berkshire, England 1980 Bronze Age 11th-8th c bc
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1209b PH.BA 6/6 pond fill dark grey organic gr Bronze Age -800 -700
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 3 1
1209a PH.BA 8/4 pit fill or pond fill brown organic gravel Bronze Age -1100 -1000
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 10 3
1460 River Exe 84 St Thomas, Exeter, Devon, England 1988 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1460a PR.SE - natural accumulation blue silty clay with early medieval 900 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 58 4
1417 Brean Down 83-7 Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England 1990 Neolithic to post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1417g PH.BA.LB Unit 4 (1) occupation layer nr late Bronze Age -1940 -800
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 2 1
1620 Lloyds Bank York 72-3 6-8 Pavement, York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1620a PR.SE.AS (43) layers/?occupation floors - Anglo-Scand 900 1100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 19 2
1628 Church St York 72-3 York, North Yorkshire, England 1976 roman and later
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1628a RO nr sewer fill silts etc late Roman 300 400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1639 Bearsden nr Glasgow (Antonine Wall), Central, Scotland 19?? Roman mid 2nd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1639a RO.? column ditch fill silts Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1002 Cowick 76 nr Snaith, Humberside, England 1989 late medieval, post 1321
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1002a PR.MD.LM 51 moat fill organic late-medieval 1323 1500
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1013 Little Waltham r/c 71 nr Chelmsford, Essex, England 1978 early Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1013a PH.BA.EB 1 channel fill detritus mud/alluviu early Bronze Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q + 1
1263 Alchester 74 Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1976 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1263b RO.RN.LR 105 ditch fill fine grey silt late Roman 100 400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 19 2
1443 St Barnabas Hospital 77 Thetford, Norfolk, England 1984 late Saxon(9/10th) to 19th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1443a PR.SE.AS comb pit fills sand/low organic Late Saxon 900 1050
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w p 1
1546 Collfryn 80-2 Llansantffraid Deuddwr, Welshpool, Powys, Wales 1989 3rd c BC Iron Age to medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1546a PH.IA (19) ditch fill nr Iron Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 18 2
1353 Ashill 61 Swaffham/Watton (Site 8712), Norfolk, England 1977 Romano-British mid Ist-mid 2nd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1353a RO.RB.ER 5, 6, 7 ditch fill grey silt and peat Romano-British 50 150
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q o 3
1395 Borough High St (64-70) Southwark, Greater London, England 1988 ?Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1395a RO.RN.? (9) stream fill nr ?Roman - -
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1794 Upper Thames St City of London, Greater London, England 1980 Roman - medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1794b RO:PR.LR:SE.ES:MS 199, 181, dump layers nr late Roman to 8th c ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 5 1
1794a RO Area VI 30 layer highly organic Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 10 3
1306 St Aldates (33) Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Late Saxon 10th - 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1306a PR.SE.AS L11 layer humic silt ?mid-late Saxon 900 100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1041 Shackerley Mound 81 Telford/Wolverhampton, Shropshire, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1041a PR.MD.HM:LM 2nd moat moat fill sandy silts medieval 1289 1500
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 3 1
1041b PR.MD.HM 1st moat moat fill sandy silt medieval 1246 1275
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 280 4
1048 Dublin 62-81 Fishamble/Wood Quay etc, Dublin, Ireland, Eire 1987 early medieval ?9th-?13/14?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1048a PR.SE.AS.? COMB various ? early medieval 0 0
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? p 1
1372 Taunton Priory 80 Taunton, Somerset, England 1984 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1372c PR.MD F69 ditch fill dark grey soil with medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q 1 1
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 2 1
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 2 1
1616b RO.MR Period 2 ( buildup & ditch fill - Roman 125 175
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, Berkshire, England 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638g PH.BA.LB column SS1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 4 1
1638h PH.BA.LB column WF1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 8 1
1926 Eastgate Beverley 83-86 Beverley, Humberside, England 1992 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1926a PR.SE:MD Phase 1 extensive layer sandy silt pre 8thc ? 750
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1928 Speke Hall 81-2 nr Liverpool, Merseyside, England 1992 med-post-med
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1928a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 moat fill organic silty sand late med/post-med 1475 1550
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007