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ABCD: Papaver somniferum

Papaver somniferum L. opium poppy

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Site no Site Location Date Period
1295 Silchester 1900-08 nr Reading, Hampshire, England 1908 Roman c5AD-c450AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1295a RO com well & pit fills nr Roman 5 450
1527 Magistrates Court Norwich Norwich (Whitefriars St site), Norfolk, England 1988 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1527f PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1527e PR.SE.AS Period 1 pit fills nr Saxo-Norman 1000 1150
1392 Watkins Farm Northmoor, nr Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1990 IronAge - Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1392a PH.IA (2) ditch & gully fill nr Iron Age ? ?
1392d RO.RB Site B (4) water hole, pond & ditch nr Roman ? ?
1623 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1623a RO (4) well fill matrix of course san Roman 300 450
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1054 Saddler St 74 Durham City, Durham, England 1979 10th-early 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1054b PR.SE.AS 1576/1575/ pit fill & midden nr Saxo-Norman 593 1178
1627 Sewer Lane 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1977 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1627a PR.MD.LM Phase II P pit fill organic medieval 1400 1500
1737 Watling Court City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1737b PR.SE.AS Phase 4-5 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1737c PR.SE.AS Phase 4 occupation layers ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
78 Caerwent 09 and 10 nr Chepstow (Venta Silurum), Gwent, Wales 1911 Roman
Sample Period
0078a RO
1017 Watergate St 85 Chester, Cheshire, England 1988 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1017a PR.MD.HM F9 pit fill organic dark brown mid 13th 1225 1275
1396 Borough High St (199) Southwark, London, Greater London, England 1988 Roman-post med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1396a RO.RN (5) ditch fill nr Roman - -
1396c RO.RN 156 pit fill nr Roman - -
1396e PR.MD comb pit fills nr early-late medieval ? ?
1740 Ironmonger Lane City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1740a PR.SE Phase 2-6 occupation layers/pit fil ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1797 Miles Lane City of London, Greater London, England 1991 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1797a PR.SE:MD.AS:EM (12) pit fills ? Saxo-Norman or early medieval ? ?
1925 Lurk Lane 79-82 Beverley, Humberside, England 1991 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1925e PR.MD.LM Phase 8 garderobe fill dark brown/black"pe c1400-1500 1400 1500
1134 St Paul St 77-8 Aberdeen, Farquar & Gill, Grampian, Scotland 1982 Mesolithic/c. 1200/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1134b PR.MD.HM comb pit fills nr high medieval 1300 1350
1462 Prestatyn 84-5 Prestatyn, Clwyd, Wales 1989 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1462a RO.RB.ER 2316 & 232 well fill dark grey fine silt Roman 120 190
1394 Faccenda Farm 83 nr Alchester, Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Roman late 1st-early 3rd
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1394a RO.RN.ER (3) ditch & pit fills dark brown organic l Roman 075 150
1445 Whitefriars St 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1983 Saxon and medieval 10th-early 13th
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1445b PR.SE.AS Period II accumulation layers organic/humic/silty/ Saxon 975 1100
1530 Caerwent 02-09 nr Chepstow (Venta Silurum), Gwent, Wales 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1530a RO.RB 1902-8 ex pit and well fills nr Roman ? ?
1371 Rudston Villa nr Bridlington, Humberside, England 1980 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1371a RO (10) well fill ? Roman ? ?
1382 St Anne's Lane 85 Nantwich, plank tank, Cheshire, England 1987 Roman 2nd-4th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1382a RO.RN.MR:LR (1) tank fill dense organic mat Roman 100 400
1400 Scale Lane Lowgate 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1974 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1400a PR.MD.HM 30/36 garderobe ? medieval 1350 1400
1406 Aston Tirrold 89 Goring/Didcot, Oxfordshire, England 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1406a RO Ditch 3 66 ditch fill nr Roman 100 200
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617e RO.ER Group 5 (7 granary layers burnt material Roman 175 200
1617f RO.ER Group 6 (5 road layers - Roman 175 200
1617j PR.MD.EM:HM Group 10 ( pit fills - medieval 1100 1300
1617i PR.SE.AS Group 9 (2 pit fill - Anglo-Scand 800 1000
1617c RO.ER Group 3 (1 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617a RO.MR Group 1 (7 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617b RO.ER Group 2 (3 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1734 Abbots Worthy nr Winchester, Hampshire, England 1992 middle Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1734c PR.SE.AS ? pits ? Anglo-Saxon ? ?
1736 Milk St City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1736a PR.SE Phase 1 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1736b PR.SE.AS Phase 2 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1736d PR.SE.AS Phase 5-6 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1736c PR.SE.AS Phase 4 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1579 Fifield Bavant Down 22 nr Marlborough, Wiltshire, England 1924 early Iron Age
Sample Period
1579a PH.IA.EI
1305 Dominican Priory Oxford 76-83 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1985 ?medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1305a PR.MD.LM 102 & 202 drain & culvert fill dark organic silt prob 15th c 1400 1500
1385 Culver St 85-6 Colchester, Essex, England 1986 Roman to medieval
Sample Period
1385a RO:PR.MD
1639 Bearsden nr Glasgow (Antonine Wall), Central, Scotland 19?? Roman mid 2nd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1639a RO.? column ditch fill silts Roman ? ?
1758 Gorhambury 72-82 nr St Albans, Hertfordshire, England 1990 Iron Age-Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1758a RO.ER com floor surfaces & layers nr Roman & medieval ? ?
1739 Peninsular House City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early mediaval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1739a PR.SE Phases 1-4 hearths/occupation layers ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1043 Fore St Taunton 79 Taunton, Somerset, England 1990 Roman/post-Medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1043a PR.PM.16 P41/P22/P5 pit fill richly organic post-medieval 1500 1600
1048 Dublin 62-81 Fishamble/Wood Quay etc, Dublin, Ireland, Eire 1987 early medieval ?9th-?13/14?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1048a PR.SE.AS.? COMB various ? early medieval 0 0
1331 Wilsford Shaft 60-2 nr Amesbury, Wiltshire, England 1989 later Bronze Age-Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1331a PH.BA.LB 1962 well fill chalk rubble with or later Bronze Age -1515 -1400
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
1616i PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Period 9 ( pit fills - Anglo-Scand/Norman 1000 1200
1616k PR.MD.EM:HM Period 12 pit or well fills - Medieval 1200 1300
1616b RO.MR Period 2 ( buildup & ditch fill - Roman 125 175
1616c RO.MR Period 3 ( feature fills, buildups & - Roman 150 200
1616j PR.MD.EM:HM Period 11 pit fills - early medieval 1100 1300

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007