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ABCD: Ranunculus flammula

Ranunculus flammula L. lesser spearwort

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Site no Site Location Date Period
1030 Trefignath nr Holyhead, Anglesey, Gwynedd, Wales 1987 Zone III/?modern
Sample Period
1030a PH
1221 Little Waltham 70-1 nr Chelmsford, Essex, England 1978 Iron Age - medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1221b RO.RN F339 L10 well fill grey sludge/grey sil Roman 200 300
1295 Silchester 1900-08 nr Reading, Hampshire, England 1908 Roman c5AD-c450AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1295a RO com well & pit fills nr Roman 5 450
1173 Gurness Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1987 Ist millenium AD-10th cAD Pictish/Viking
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1173a RO:PC:PR.SE GA77.273 ? ? pictish/viking 100 1000
1451 Holy Island Village 77 Lindisfarne, Northumberland, England 1985 Saxon-post med-early modern
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1451c PR.? Phase 4 23 pit fill nr early post med ? ?
1347 Billingsgate 74 Lower Thames St., City of London, Greater London, England 1980 Roman to post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1347a RO.ER Period II layer grey sand and gravel Roman 000 100
1375 Church St Carmarthen 76 Carmarthen, Dyfed, Wales 1978 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1375a RO.RM.LR well 59 well fill compacted plant rema Roman 275 350
1392 Watkins Farm Northmoor, nr Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1990 IronAge - Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1392c RO.RB Site A (5) well, sump & gully fills nr Romano-British ? ?
1623 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1623a RO (4) well fill matrix of course san Roman 300 450
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1595 Friernhay St Exeter 81 Exeter, Devon, England 1984 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1595a RO.RM.ER (4) ditch fills nr Roman 000 200
1053 Townwall Roushill 58-9 Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England 1962 medieval ?c. 1275-18th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1053a PR.MD.HM 5A accumulation layer buff & pinkish clay medieval 1300 1400
1552 Lofts Farm 84-5 Heybridge, Blackwater Estuary, Essex, England 1988 Neolithic - Late Bronze Age - Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1552c PH.BA.LB 840 well fill nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1619 Skeldergate York 73-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1978 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1619b PH:RO.ER 2356 buried soil humic stained sandy Roman or immediatly pre-Roman -30 250
1619a RO.MR.LR (?13) well fill sands & silts pink b late Roman 100 400
1624 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1624a PR.SE.MS (3) pit/depression fills dark silty clays Anglian 580 900
1627 Sewer Lane 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1977 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1627b PR.PM.16 Phase IV P pit fill organic post medieval 1500 1550
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, E, London: British Museum. 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638c PH.BA.LB L20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638d PH.BA.LB L14/20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638g PH.BA.LB column SS1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
1725 Penycoed 83 Llangynog, nr Carmarthen, Dyfed, Wales 1985 late Iron Age and RB (medieval)
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1725d PH.IA? com occupation layers nr Iron Age ? ?
1725b PH.IA com ditch fill nr Iron Age ? ?
1017 Watergate St 85 Chester, Cheshire, England 1988 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1017a PR.MD.HM F9 pit fill organic dark brown mid 13th 1225 1275
1084 Stones of Stenness 77 Orkney (Mainland), Orkney, Scotland 1978 neolithic
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1084a PH.NE OR ditch fill organic layer Neolithic ? ?
1288 Bunny nr Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England 1968 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1288a RO.MR - well fill ? Roman 100 300
1300 Coulters Garage 78 Alcester, Warwickshire, England 1989 prehist/Iron age/Roman 2nd-4th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1300a PH.? Hole 1 240 layer organic ?Iron Age ? ?
1062 Doubstead 80 Scremerston, nr Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England 1982 ?Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1062a RO.RB 5 ditch fill silty clay Romano-British 075 200
1925 Lurk Lane 79-82 Beverley, Humberside, England 1991 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1925e PR.MD.LM Phase 8 garderobe fill dark brown/black"pe c1400-1500 1400 1500
1925b PR.SE.AS Phase 4 ditch fills highly organic 9th c 800 900
1129 Murton High Crags nr Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England 1987 prehist - RB & later/1000BC-2nd/3rd cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1129a PH.IA COM feature fills nr pre-Roman Iron Age -1000 0000
1134 St Paul St 77-8 Aberdeen, Farquar & Gill, Grampian, Scotland 1982 Mesolithic/c. 1200/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1134a PR.MD.HM AS223 laye boundary ditch fill organic high medieval 1275 1350
1134b PR.MD.HM comb pit fills nr high medieval 1300 1350
1137 Birrens 62-7 [Blatobulgium], nr Ecclefechan, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland 1975 1st-2nd C AD Roman Flavian/Antonine
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1137b RO.RM well well fill nr Roman 000 200
1462 Prestatyn 84-5 Prestatyn, Clwyd, Wales 1989 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1462a RO.RB.ER 2316 & 232 well fill dark grey fine silt Roman 120 190
1368 Hulton Abbey 72-83 Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England 1985 medieval 13th-16th
Sample Period
1368a PR.MD:PM
1393 Queen St Newcastle Newcastle upon Tyne (Quayside), Tyne and Wear, England 1988 12th-19th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1393b PR.MD.HM Phase 4 accumulation organic medieval 1250 1300
1393c PR.MD:PM.HM:LM:16:17 Phase 5 accumulation organic medieval 1350 1650
1394 Faccenda Farm 83 nr Alchester, Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Roman late 1st-early 3rd
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1394a RO.RN.ER (3) ditch & pit fills dark brown organic l Roman 075 150
1004 Highgate 77 Beverley, Humberside, England 1980 Early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1004a PR.SE.AS.? F dumped layer dark greyish brown c early medieval 0 0
1008 Thorpe Thewles 80-2 nr Stockton-on-Tees, Cleveland, England 1987 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1008a PH.IA.LI COMB feature fills silty sandy clay late Iron Age -300 100
1012 Dundas Wharf 82-3 Bristol, Avon, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1012a PR.MD.EM A buildup layer organic and alluvium medieval 1100 1225
1099 Iona 79 Iona, Strathclyde, Scotland 1981 ??Iron age/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1099a PC:PR.SE.ES:MS D1 ditch fill "peat" dark age/early Christian 475 800
1135 Queen St Midden Area 73 Aberdeen, Grampian, Scotland 1982 mesolithis/early 13th/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1135a PR.MD.HM FN57/F7A/5 pit fill organic high medieval 1200 1400
1224 Brough of Birsay 74-82 Orkney (Mainland), Orkney, Scotland 1986 early Christain-Norse
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1224c PR.SE.AS phase 2.2 features ? norse/early med 900 1200
1224d PR.SE.AS phase 3 features ? medieval 1000 1100
1224a PR.SE.MS phase 1 features ? early Christian/Norse 650 850
1530 Caerwent 02-09 nr Chepstow (Venta Silurum), Gwent, Wales 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1530a RO.RB 1902-8 ex pit and well fills nr Roman ? ?
1530b RO 1909 ex well fill wl Roman ? ?
1374 Oakbank Crannog Loch Tay, Tayside, Scotland 1988 Bronze Age/Iron Age transition
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1374a PH.BA:IA.BI com occupation layers organic Bronze Age/Iron Age transition -705 -200
1400 Scale Lane Lowgate 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1974 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1400d PR.MD.HM 41 floor layer nr medieval 1300 1400
1400c PR.MD.HM 17N floor layer ? medieval 1300 1400
1601 Worcester Barrel 75 Worcester (39-47 Sidbury), Hereford & Worcester, England 1981 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1601a PR.MD.LM 1 & 2 latrine fill organic medieval 1300 1400
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617e RO.ER Group 5 (7 granary layers burnt material Roman 175 200
1617f RO.ER Group 6 (5 road layers - Roman 175 200
1617j PR.MD.EM:HM Group 10 ( pit fills - medieval 1100 1300
1617c RO.ER Group 3 (1 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617a RO.MR Group 1 (7 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617b RO.ER Group 2 (3 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617d RO.ER Group 4 (1 layer - Roman 150 200
1621 Coppergate 74 York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1621b PR.SE:MD Area S wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1621c PR.SE:MD Area B wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1621a PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Area N ?floor layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1938 High St & Blackfriargate 73-7 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1987 late 13th-mid 14th
Sample Period
1938a PR.MD.HM
1729 Shop St Drogheda 81 Drogheda, Co. Louth, Louth, Ireland, Eire 1984 early 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1729a PR.MD.EM:HM 21 & 19 occupation layers brown fiberous organ medieval 1200 1300
1736 Milk St City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1736c PR.SE.AS Phase 4 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1250 Hungate York 50 York, North Yorkshire, England 1961 Roman/Anglo-Scandinavian/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1250a RO.RN.LR I nr nr Roman 275 350
1428 Little Paxton 62 St Neots, Cambridgeshire, England 1969 late 9/10th-early 11th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1428a PR.SE.AS 1004 Area pit fill detritus-rich mud late saxon 850 1000
1389 Hengistbury Head 70-85 nr Christchurch, Dorset, England 1987 Upper Palaeolithic to late Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1389d PH:RO.IA:RN.LI:ER com - nr late Iron Age/Roman & Roman ? ?
1620 Lloyds Bank York 72-3 6-8 Pavement, York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1620a PR.SE.AS (43) layers/?occupation floors - Anglo-Scand 900 1100
1622 Coney St York 74-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1979 roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1622d RO.RM 2105 silt layer humic silt Roman ? ?
1639 Bearsden nr Glasgow (Antonine Wall), Central, Scotland 19?? Roman mid 2nd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1639a RO.? column ditch fill silts Roman ? ?
1597 Briar Hill 74-8 nr Northampton, Northamptonshire, England 1985 Neolithic - Bronze Age - Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1597c PH.IA 194 ditch fill carbon-rich Iron Age ? ?
1002 Cowick 76 nr Snaith, Humberside, England 1989 late medieval, post 1321
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1002a PR.MD.LM 51 moat fill organic late-medieval 1323 1500
1125 Kirkwall 78 Orkney, KIM 78 & KIB78, Orkney, Scotland 1982 medieval-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1125a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 KIM78, KIB midden layers/dumps blackish crumbly amo med/post-med 1400 1600
1544 Ower Farm Isle of Purbeck, Dorset, England 1991 13th c
Sample Period
1544a PR.MD.HM
1361 Dod Law West Wooler, Northumberland, England 1989 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1361a PH.IA com rampart layers nr Iron Age -300 100
1399 Chapel Lane Staith 78 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1979 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1399a PR.MD.HM (5) layer/rubbish nr medieval 1300 1400
1105 Holland 79 nr Kirkwall, Mainland, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1981 Bronze Age
Sample Period
1105a PH.BA
1041 Shackerley Mound 81 Telford/Wolverhampton, Shropshire, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1041a PR.MD.HM:LM 2nd moat moat fill sandy silts medieval 1289 1500
1048 Dublin 62-81 Fishamble/Wood Quay etc, Dublin, Ireland, Eire 1987 early medieval ?9th-?13/14?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1048a PR.SE.AS.? COMB various ? early medieval 0 0
1372 Taunton Priory 80 Taunton, Somerset, England 1984 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1372c PR.MD F69 ditch fill dark grey soil with medieval ? ?
1372a PR.MD.? F68 pit fill ashy & organic/peaty medieval ? ?
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616g RO.LR Period 7 ( well fill - Roman 225 350
1616a ND Period 1 ( occupation layers - undated pre-Roman/Roman ? ?
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
1616i PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Period 9 ( pit fills - Anglo-Scand/Norman 1000 1200
1616k PR.MD.EM:HM Period 12 pit or well fills - Medieval 1200 1300
1616b RO.MR Period 2 ( buildup & ditch fill - Roman 125 175
1616c RO.MR Period 3 ( feature fills, buildups & - Roman 150 200
1616j PR.MD.EM:HM Period 11 pit fills - early medieval 1100 1300
1616f RO.MR Period 6 ( occupation layers/buildup - Roman 175 250
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, Berkshire, England 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638c PH.BA.LB L20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638d PH.BA.LB L14/20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1638g PH.BA.LB column SS1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
1795 Ballingary Downs , Limerick, Ireland, Eire 1953 ?4th - 9th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1795a PC:PR.SE.ES ? occupation layers ? dark age 300 900
1796 Rathjordan 46-7 , Limerick, Ireland, Eire 1953 prehistoric - ?Bronze Age
Sample Period
1796a PH.BA
1926 Eastgate Beverley 83-86 Beverley, Humberside, England 1992 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1926a PR.SE:MD Phase 1 extensive layer sandy silt pre 8thc ? 750
1928 Speke Hall 81-2 nr Liverpool, Merseyside, England 1992 med-post-med
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1928a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 moat fill organic silty sand late med/post-med 1475 1550
1705 St Nicholas Church Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England 1985 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1705a PR.MD 16 & 19 street layer organic medieval 1000 1300

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007