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ABCD: Raphanus raphanistrum

Raphanus raphanistrum L. wild radish

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Site no Site Location Date Period
1035 Tiddington nr Thame, Oxfordshire, England 1988 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1035b RO.RN.MR 127 well fill clay & pebbles Roman 200 400
1295 Silchester 1900-08 nr Reading, Hampshire, England 1908 Roman c5AD-c450AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1295a RO com well & pit fills nr Roman 5 450
1527 Magistrates Court Norwich Norwich (Whitefriars St site), Norfolk, England 1988 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1527f PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1527b PR.SE.AS Period 1 ( pit fills nr Saxo-Norman 1000 1150
1527c PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1527d PR.MD:PM.LM:16 Period 3 latrine fill nr medieval 1450 1550
1527a PR.SE:MD.? 1119, 1122 gully fill nr Period 2 1100 1300
1527h PR.SE.AS Period 1 pit fills nr Saxo-Norman 1000 1150
1527e PR.SE.AS Period 1 pit fills nr Saxo-Norman 1000 1150
1527i PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1623 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1623a RO (4) well fill matrix of course san Roman 300 450
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1706 Wasperton 79 Warwick/Stratford-upon-Avon, West Midlands, England 1982 prehist-Romano-British-late Roman-Saxon
Sample Period
1706a ?
1727 Crown Court 85-6 Newcastle Quayside, Tyne and Wear, England 1989 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1727a PR.MD com many ? medieval ? ?
1142 Abercairny 84 Crieff/Perth, Tayside, Scotland 1988 11th C (AD 1075+-50 GU-1927, GU-1928)
Sample Period
1142a PR.SE.AS
1185 Brough Road 76-82 Birsay, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1185b PR.SE.ES:MS Area 2 all middens nr later Pictish early Viking ? ?
1185c PR.SE.ES:MS Area 3 ? nr later Pictish early Viking ? ?
1185a PR.SE.ES:MS com ? nr later Pictish early Viking ? ?
1054 Saddler St 74 Durham City, Durham, England 1979 10th-early 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1054a PR.SE.AS 1726/1589/ middens/drain fill nr Saxo-Norman 771 1203
1054b PR.SE.AS 1576/1575/ pit fill & midden nr Saxo-Norman 593 1178
1338 East Gate Lancaster 73 Lancaster, Mitre Yard, Lancashire, England 1988 roman late 2nd - mid 3rd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1338a RO.RM.MR T12.9 well fill organic Roman 175 250
1386 Killederdadrum Co. Tipperary, Tipperary, Ireland, Eire 1984 early christian
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1386a RO:PR.PC ? ditch & pit fills ? early Christian 800 1424
1619 Skeldergate York 73-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1978 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1619b PH:RO.ER 2356 buried soil humic stained sandy Roman or immediatly pre-Roman -30 250
1619a RO.MR.LR (?13) well fill sands & silts pink b late Roman 100 400
1624 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1624a PR.SE.MS (3) pit/depression fills dark silty clays Anglian 580 900
1627 Sewer Lane 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1977 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1627c PR.PM.16:17 Phase V P4 pit fill/watercourse organic post medieval 1575 1650
1627b PR.PM.16 Phase IV P pit fill organic post medieval 1500 1550
1017 Watergate St 85 Chester, Cheshire, England 1988 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1017a PR.MD.HM F9 pit fill organic dark brown mid 13th 1225 1275
1247 Pevensey 07-8 nr Eastbourne, Sussex (E & W), England 1908 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1247a RO.RM.LR com well fill nr Roman 200 400
1165 Ballynaraha Co. Tipperary, Tipperary, Ireland, Eire 1988 ?med/post med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1165a PR.MD:PM F5,8,9 & 1 kiln feature fills silt & clay medieval/post-medieval ? ?
1176 Elgin High St Elgin, Grampian, Scotland 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1176b PR.PM.17:18 pit 17 pit fill nr post-reformation 1600 1800
1044 Hen Domen 60-74 Montgomery, Powys, Wales 1982 pre-Conquest/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1044a PR.MD.HM F1/27 pit fill organic medieval 1223 1300
1365 Holme Pierrepont nr Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England 1969 -
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1365a PH com canoe fill organic pre-historic ? ?
1396 Borough High St (199) Southwark, London, Greater London, England 1988 Roman-post med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1396e PR.MD comb pit fills nr early-late medieval ? ?
1397 Finck St 78 London, Lambeth, Greater London, England 1988 Roman-late medieval
Sample Period
1397a RO:PR.MD
1631 South Shields 84 South Shields, Tyne and Wear, England 1988 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1631a RO.RM 12236 layer clay & clay silt wit Roman 210 275
1925 Lurk Lane 79-82 Beverley, Humberside, England 1991 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1925b PR.SE.AS Phase 4 ditch fills highly organic 9th c 800 900
1129 Murton High Crags nr Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England 1987 prehist - RB & later/1000BC-2nd/3rd cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1129a PH.IA COM feature fills nr pre-Roman Iron Age -1000 0000
1134 St Paul St 77-8 Aberdeen, Farquar & Gill, Grampian, Scotland 1982 Mesolithic/c. 1200/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1134a PR.MD.HM AS223 laye boundary ditch fill organic high medieval 1275 1350
1134b PR.MD.HM comb pit fills nr high medieval 1300 1350
1240 Ty Mawr 78-82 Holyhead Is. Anglesey, Gwynedd, Wales 1987 mesolithic - early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1240b PR.SE.ES T1 17 floor layer grey brown clayey so 6thc 520 580
1526 Norwich Castle Bailey 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1985 Saxon-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1526a PR.SE.? 1006 well fill (basal) dark brown organic late Saxon 1000 1075
1394 Faccenda Farm 83 nr Alchester, Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Roman late 1st-early 3rd
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1394a RO.RN.ER (3) ditch & pit fills dark brown organic l Roman 075 150
1001 Rhuddlan 79-80 nr Rhyl, Clwyd, Wales 1985 Anglo-Saxon/Early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1001a PR.SE.AS 1-10 charcoal spread charred material Anglo-Saxon 0920 0990
1007 Tattershall Thorpe 79-80 nr Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England 1986 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1007a PH.IA 12 ditch fill highly organic Iron Age -580 -220
1008 Thorpe Thewles 80-2 nr Stockton-on-Tees, Cleveland, England 1987 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1008a PH.IA.LI COMB feature fills silty sandy clay late Iron Age -300 100
1012 Dundas Wharf 82-3 Bristol, Avon, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1012b PR.MD.EM B buildup layer organic and alluvium medieval 1100 1250
1135 Queen St Midden Area 73 Aberdeen, Grampian, Scotland 1982 mesolithis/early 13th/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1135a PR.MD.HM FN57/F7A/5 pit fill organic high medieval 1200 1400
1135b PR.MD.HM Area I L 3 midden/dump area nr high medieval 1200 1400
1224 Brough of Birsay 74-82 Orkney (Mainland), Orkney, Scotland 1986 early Christain-Norse
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1224c PR.SE.AS phase 2.2 features ? norse/early med 900 1200
1445 Whitefriars St 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1983 Saxon and medieval 10th-early 13th
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1445b PR.SE.AS Period II accumulation layers organic/humic/silty/ Saxon 975 1100
1449 Upper Bugle St 76-7 Southampton, Hampshire, England 1986 med-post med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1449a PR.MD:PM.? 525/572-3/ ditch fill nr medieval-post-medieval ? ?
1530 Caerwent 02-09 nr Chepstow (Venta Silurum), Gwent, Wales 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1530a RO.RB 1902-8 ex pit and well fills nr Roman ? ?
1530d RO 1909 ex pot fill in pit fill nr Roman ? ?
1543 Ower Peninsular Wytch Farm Oilfield, Dorset, England 1991 Late Iron Age/ Romano-British
Sample Period
1543a PH:RO.IA:RB.LI:ER
1387 Ilchester 74-5 Ilchester, Somerset, England 1982 roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1387a RO (31) feature fills nr Roman ? ?
1400 Scale Lane Lowgate 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1974 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1400b PR.MD.HM 22 pit fill ? medieval 1300 1400
1400a PR.MD.HM 30/36 garderobe ? medieval 1350 1400
1400d PR.MD.HM 41 floor layer nr medieval 1300 1400
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617e RO.ER Group 5 (7 granary layers burnt material Roman 175 200
1617f RO.ER Group 6 (5 road layers - Roman 175 200
1617g RO.LR Group 7 (2 layer - Roman 300 400
1617j PR.MD.EM:HM Group 10 ( pit fills - medieval 1100 1300
1617c RO.ER Group 3 (1 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617a RO.MR Group 1 (7 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617b RO.ER Group 2 (3 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1621 Coppergate 74 York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1621b PR.SE:MD Area S wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1621c PR.SE:MD Area B wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1621a PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Area N ?floor layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1621d PR.SE:MD Area E layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1674 Asheldham Camp 85 Dengie Peninsula, Essex, England 1991 early Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1674a PH.IA.? Trench F ( post hole & pit fills nr early Iron Age ? ?
1736 Milk St City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1736d PR.SE.AS Phase 5-6 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1267 Seacourt 58-9 nr Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1963 Roman/medieval/late 12thcAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1267a PR.MD.HM Area 6 Lev pit fill nr medieval 1200 1300
1283 Isca 58 Caerleon, Gwent, Wales 1964 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1283a RO.ER nr demolition layer nr Roman 80 130
1149 Fairy Knowe 78 Buchlyvie, Sterling, Central, Scotland 1983 Iron Age 1st c AD - 200 AD
Sample Period
1149a PH.IA
1460 River Exe 84 St Thomas, Exeter, Devon, England 1988 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1460a PR.SE - natural accumulation blue silty clay with early medieval 900 1300
1389 Hengistbury Head 70-85 nr Christchurch, Dorset, England 1987 Upper Palaeolithic to late Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1389b PH.IA.LI com - nr late Iron Age ? ?
1389a PH.IA.EI.MI com - nr early to mid Iron Age ? ?
1389c PH.IA.LI com - nr late Iron Age ? ?
1620 Lloyds Bank York 72-3 6-8 Pavement, York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1620a PR.SE.AS (43) layers/?occupation floors - Anglo-Scand 900 1100
1622 Coney St York 74-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1979 roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1622a RO.RM 2077 burnt grain deposit cereal grain Roman 70 200
1622d RO.RM 2105 silt layer humic silt Roman ? ?
1640 Maxey 79-81 nr Stamford, Cambridgeshire, England 1985 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1640b RO Phases 7-9 feature fills nr Roman ? ?
1739 Peninsular House City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early mediaval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1739a PR.SE Phases 1-4 hearths/occupation layers ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1002 Cowick 76 nr Snaith, Humberside, England 1989 late medieval, post 1321
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1002a PR.MD.LM 51 moat fill organic late-medieval 1323 1500
1125 Kirkwall 78 Orkney, KIM 78 & KIB78, Orkney, Scotland 1982 medieval-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1125a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 KIM78, KIB midden layers/dumps blackish crumbly amo med/post-med 1400 1600
1245 Castle Acre 72-7 nr Swaffham, Norfolk, England 1983 1085-late 12thc
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1245a PR.MD.EM comb make up/midden nr medieval 1140 1200
1066 Newcastle Bastion 76-81 Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England 1983 post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1066a PR.PM.17 nr ditch fill dark silty with ash mid 17thc 1650 1690
1442 Scole 73 nr Diss, Norfolk, England 1977 Romano-British Flavian-late 3rd cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1442a RO.? com well fill nr Roman 100 200
1544 Ower Farm Isle of Purbeck, Dorset, England 1991 13th c
Sample Period
1544a PR.MD.HM
1361 Dod Law West Wooler, Northumberland, England 1989 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1361a PH.IA com rampart layers nr Iron Age -300 100
1011 West Stow (Saxon) 65-72 nr Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England 1985 Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1011b PR.SE.AS WSSFB63 SFB nr Anglo-Saxon 0 0
1011a RO. WS472 pit fill nr Roman ? ?
1302 Tibbets Close 83-4 Alcester, Warwickshire, England 1989 Iron Age/Roman/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1302a RO.MR II 51 layer nr Roman 100 300
1048 Dublin 62-81 Fishamble/Wood Quay etc, Dublin, Ireland, Eire 1987 early medieval ?9th-?13/14?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1048a PR.SE.AS.? COMB various ? early medieval 0 0
1446 Alms Lane 76 Norwich, Site 302N, Norfolk, England 1985 10th-13th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1446h PR.PM.17 Phase 9 feature fills & occupatio nr post medieval 1600 1675
1446d PR.MD.LM Phase 5 feature fills & occupatio nr medieval 1400 1450
1446c PR.MD.HM Phase 4 feature fills & occupatio mr medieval 1275 1400
1481 Bishopstone 72-5 Seaford, Sussex (E & W), England 1977 Neolithic - Iron Age - Romano-British -
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1481c RO.RB (7) ? nr Romano-British ? ?
1372 Taunton Priory 80 Taunton, Somerset, England 1984 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1372a PR.MD.? F68 pit fill ashy & organic/peaty medieval ? ?
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616g RO.LR Period 7 ( well fill - Roman 225 350
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
1616i PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Period 9 ( pit fills - Anglo-Scand/Norman 1000 1200
1616k PR.MD.EM:HM Period 12 pit or well fills - Medieval 1200 1300
1616b RO.MR Period 2 ( buildup & ditch fill - Roman 125 175
1616c RO.MR Period 3 ( feature fills, buildups & - Roman 150 200
1616j PR.MD.EM:HM Period 11 pit fills - early medieval 1100 1300
1616f RO.MR Period 6 ( occupation layers/buildup - Roman 175 250
1926 Eastgate Beverley 83-86 Beverley, Humberside, England 1992 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1926a PR.SE:MD Phase 1 extensive layer sandy silt pre 8thc ? 750

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007