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Oslo

There is a history of publication of comb material in Oslo (see for instance Grieg 1933, 223-41), and more recent interventions close to the waterfront here facilitate some level of chronological resolution. In brief, excavation recovered combs dating from the 11th century onwards (based on stratigraphy, but confirmed through a series of twelve radiocarbon dates; Schia 1987). A small number of Type 6, 9, 13 and 14a combs come from the sites of Oslogate 3 and 7 (Wiberg 1979), but the Søndre Felt site provides greater numbers and higher resolution (Wiberg 1977). Here, Wiberg tracks the frequency of comb forms through a sequence of fourteen 'fire levels', and it is notable that single-sided forms (Type 9) outnumber double-sided (Type 13) examples by 2:1, dominating heavily until fire level 11 (dated broadly to the 11th to mid-12th centuries), at which point double-sided combs gain in currency, ultimately replacing single-sided types in fire level 7 (13th- to mid-14th century). Notably, the earliest Type 9 forms to appear at Søndre Felt occurred alongside those classified here as Type 6.

 

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