Appendix 2. 2D Exercise

Digging at Çatalhöyük

Your research team is digging inside a house at Çatalhöyük (Turkey), a Neolithic town in south central Anatolia important for the complexity of its settlement, the mural paintings, and other symbolic elements telling the story of its inhabitants. The team is digging the layers of abandonment of the house. While you excavate, using the stratigraphic method, your goal is to understand the chronological sequence of all the units detected. The relative chronology will be useful for interpreting the activities that took place in this space.

Given what you have learned about the concepts of stratigraphy, the law of superposition, and site formation processes, create the relative chronology of the profile drawn by your colleagues (MATRIX).




According to the law of superposition the pit fills 19110 and 19111 are younger than the pit cuts 19112 and 19113. Moreover, the pit cuts 19112 and 19113 are younger than stratum 19114 (in light brown). They are, in fact, above 19114 and represent the activity of cutting it. Stratum 19114 is younger than stratum 19115 (in bronze). 19114 is, in fact, above 19115. Stratum 19115 is younger than stratum 19116 (in light blue). 19115 is, in fact, above 19116. Stratum 19116 is younger than stratum 19126 (in yellow). 19116 is, in fact, above 19126.


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