Cite this as: Caseldine, A.E. 2018 Humans and Landscape, Internet Archaeology 48. https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.48.4
Human activity had a significant impact on the landscape of Wales during the Iron Age
and into the Romano-British period which is reflected in the palaeoenvironmental record.
The effect on woodland is demonstrated in the pollen record which indicates clearance
and regeneration episodes but an overall trend towards an increasingly agricultural
landscape. Detailed information about crop and animal husbandry is provided by plant
macrofossil and animal bone evidence which is more widely available in some areas
than others. Wild resources continued to be exploited. Perception of and response to
the 'natural' landscape, and to what it offered, by human communities may have been
very different to that of today.