A left maxillary medial deciduous incisor, CG-35 (Table 25), with a lingually shovel-shaped crown showing no attrition and an open root, was excavated in the upper cutting extension in layer Ia.

Element | in mm | ||
---|---|---|---|

VL | MW | average | |

mesiodistal crown dimension | 7.8 | 7.9 | 7.85 |

buccolingual crown dimension | 6.1 | 6.0 | 6.05 |

mesiodistal dimension at the neck | 5.9 | 5.7 | 5.8 |

buccolingual dimension at the neck | 4.8 | 4.8 | 4.8 |

maximal mesiodistal dimension of the root | 5.3 | 5.0 | 5.15 |

maximal buccolingual dimension of the root | 4.0 | 3.7 | 3.85 |

buccal crown height (circumferential height) | 7.6 | - | - |

buccal height of the root (circumferential height) | 10.3 * | - | - |

buccal crown height (vertical projection) | - | 7.5 | - |

buccal height of the root (vertical projection) | - | 10.0 * | - |

incisoapical height (vertical projection) | 17.5* | 17.4 * | 17.45 * |

*Root incompletely formed

A probably right, maxillary deciduous canine, CG-31, with a cingulum and marked attrition affecting one-third of the crown, was excavated in the upper cutting in layer 2i; because its measurements are low for Neanderthal children they were taken twice (Table 26).

Element | in mm | |||
---|---|---|---|---|

VL | VL | MW | average | |

mesiodistal crown dimension | 7.1 | 7.1 | 7.1 | 7.1 |

buccolingual crown dimension | 6.5 | 6.6 | 6.55 | 6.55 |

mesiodistal dimension at the neck | 5.4 | 5.0 | 5.5 | 5.3 |

buccolingual dimension at the neck | 5.8 | 5.6 | 5.5 | 5.6 |

maximal mesiodistal dimension of the root | 4.3 | 4.0 | 4.15 | 4.15 |

maximal buccolingual dimension of the root | 5.0 | 4.2 | 4.4 | 4.5 |

buccal crown height (circumferential height) | 5.0 | 5.2 | - | - |

buccal height of the root (circumferential height) | 11.1 * | 11.0 * | - | - |

buccal crown height (vertical projection) | - | - | 5.1 | - |

buccal height of the root (vertical projection) | - | - | 11.0 * | - |

incisoapical height (vertical projection) | 15.5 * | 15.5 * | 15.8 * | 15.6 |

* Root incompletely formed

A poorly-preserved right maxillary or left mandibular deciduous canine, CG-34, with characteristically Neanderthal dimensions (Table 27), came from mine rubble on the hillside.

Element | in mm |
---|---|

mesiodistal crown dimension | 8.5 mm |

buccolingual crown dimension | 6.5 mm |

mesiodistal dimension at the neck | 6.0 mm |

buccolingual dimension at the neck | 6.0 mm |

maximal mesiodistal dimension of the root | 5.0 mm |

maximal buccolingual dimension of the root | 4.5 mm |

buccal crown height (circumferential height) | 10.0 mm |

buccal height of the root (circumferential height) | 13.0 mm |

incisoapical height (vertical projection) | 22.0 mm |

A right mandibular, probably anterior, deciduous molar, CG-28, with attrition of crown enamel, resorption of its root, and rather low measurements (Table 28) for Neanderthal children, was excavated in the upper cutting in layer 2f.

Element | in mm |
---|---|

mesiodistal crown dimension | 8.0 |

buccolingual crown dimension | 7.1 |

mesiodistal dimension at the neck | 7.0 |

buccolingual dimension at the neck | 6.0 |

maximal mesiodistal dimension of the root | 7.4 |

maximal buccolingual dimension of the root | 5.7 |

buccal crown height (circumferential height) | 7.0 |

buccal height of the root (circumferential height) | 5.0 * |

incisoapical height (vertical projection) | 11.0 * |

* Root partly resorbed

A probably human root of a single-root tooth, CG-46 (Table 29), was excavated in our upper cutting in layer 2i. Two other unmeasured roots of single-root teeth are CG-44 and CG-45.

Element | in mm |
---|---|

mesiodistal dimension at the neck | 7.0? |

buccolingual dimension at the neck | 7.4? |

maximal mesiodistal dimension of the root | 6.3 |

maximal buccolingual dimension of the root | 5.6 |

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URL: http://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue5/walker/4.2.2.html

Last updated: Wed Dec 23 1998