Conjoining antler fragments form refitting units. The refitting units are recorded,
according to identification numbers. A refitting unit consists of two or more conjoining
unit is recorded with several attributes.
Weathering cracks and advanced
characterise the surface preservation of both finds. The second tine carries many
weathering cracks; it is
abraded than the lower main beam.
The travertine sands in square 153 are 20-30cm thick and thin out towards the south.
In the shore
line area, Chara limestone lies directly on top of the loesslike sediment; finds are
very rare here.
Both finds exhibit differential
abrasion. During excavation it was apparent that the sides which
faced upwards were more abraded than the
breakage of the refitting unit was prior to abrasion.
Both finds exhibit weathering
cracks and advanced surface destruction. Both are more abraded laterally than medially. Formation of
weathering cracks occurred partly prior to breakage of the refitting unit.
It cannot be determined whether abrasion took place after fragmentation for these finds. Find b is
mapped and illustrated in Mania (1986b, Abb. 2, Nr. 48
+ Taf. 100, 3).
The finds come from the diluvial fan facies. The plans indicate that
they underlay other finds.
This refitting unit was
interpreted by Mania (1986b, Taf
108) as deliberately broken. Three parallel grooves are located on the lower main beam on the lateral side of find a
(Figure 30), in the second tine area, about 1cm away
from the stepped breakage between both elements.
These have been
interpreted as hack
marks. My recent experiments, however, show that hacking this part of an antler
with a heavy duty tool
break the antler - traces of hack marks would be more intensive. Secondly, the elasticity of the antler means it
the energy of heavy blows of the tools. Thirdly, the micromorphology of the
experimental hack marks are
different from the grooves which are documented and observed on find a.
Iron oxide staining of the
antler surface is dissected
the breakage of the refitting unit. This indicates a breakage after diagenetic
processes had affected the
Weathering cracks formed prior to breakage of the refitting unit.