Background to the Gazetteer | Table of Contents
|Barrow C, Churn Plain, Churn Bottom
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|Of three barrows, barrow C contained a central cremation and a double pit. The mound contained much wood ash and pottery, and at the core a mass of black soil. At the barrow centre was the cremation burial of a female adult and a child c2-3, with 0.3m away a flat riveted bronze dagger of the Early Bronze Age. The cremation deposit was clean of earth, and the bones had been crushed.
The excavator noticed these points about the barrow construction: a ring or basin of wet chalk rubble was first raised on the old ground surface, and more chalk powdered and moistened and spread over it, then trodden into a concrete. On the smooth surface in the middle of the ring was spread a layer of clear, red, moist clay c1cm thick, and on this the funeral pyre was built and then burnt. In the course of collecting the cremated bones, the ash of the pyre was thrown out to the side, hence its appearance here and there in the mound. Clayey soil was then used as the core mound material to cover the cremation deposit, followed by lighter soil from the surrounding ground surface.
|The double pit was just south of the centre, and comprised two pits irregularly cut and joined near one end. In both sections of the pit there was much wood ash, animal bone and a large amount of Early Iron Age pottery. There were also a dozen Windmill Hill potsherds in two lots in the material, which appeared to have been swept in with the infill. There was no recorded burial.
|National grid square
|Wilson 1848, Hawkes and Hawkes 1935, Peake 1936
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Last updated: Tues Aug 10 2004