Background to the Gazetteer | Table of Contents
|Site name||Knackyboy Cairn, St Martins, H1, D8|
|Burial codes||4005 4009 4022 4023 4025 4027 4030 4032 4041 4048 4052 4065 4075 4084 4085 4093 4094 4104 4111 4121 4123 4143 4151 4154 4155 4156 4159 4161 4181 3005 3009 3022 3023 3025 3027 3030 3032 3041 3048 3052 3065 3075 3084 3085 3093 3094 3104 3111 3122 3143 3151 3154 3155 3156 3159 3161 3181|
|2500bc-14/1300bc||Chambered cairn, the entrance of which was oriented E. The floor was partly natural, and partly paved where it had possibly been levelled up. Four stratified compounded deposits were found. The first was a floor hollow filled with charcoal and granite sand. Above this was a flat stone a few inches above the paving, and on it an urn. At the distal end of the chamber were six more urns in two rows of three, containing cremated bones. Around and partly over the initial settings was a layer of 'ashes' - small pieces of charcoal, cremated bone and soil with some potsherds, covering almost the full length of the chamber. On top of this were more urns along the axis of and at the edge of the chamber. In the burial deposit which spread along the length of the chamber were 8 oblate beads of glass, mostly blue, and one star form bead of faience (1 in an urn, 4 in the general deposit, and 4 unstratified), and some corroded scraps of bronze possibly from ear-rings. The star shaped bead was an import dated to 1320-1200 BC (XIX Dynasty in Egypt), and probably in a secondary deposit. The urns of the successive burials were well made and of the later Deverel-Rimbury type, barrel, biconical and bucket. However, some of the urn ornamentation (comb impressions and stroke ornamentation) are reminiscent of earlier and later types of Beaker assemblages. The last deposits appeared to have been tipped in as a deliberate sealing of the tomb.
In the cairn heap itself two stone protected urns were found, being satellite or secondary burials, and near them at the base of the barrow on the old ground surface was a flint axe or adze.
|14/1300bc-8/700bc||Overlap site with 2500-14/1300.|
|National grid square||SV|
|Bibliographic source||O'Neil 1952, Ashbee 1974|
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Last updated: Tues Aug 10 2004