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|Site name||Fussell's Lodge, Clarendon Park 4a|
|Burial codes||5002 5005 5021 5023 5025 5028 5030 5032 5042 5044 5047 5052 5053 5065 5075 5085 5092 5094 5097 5103 5110 5111 5125 5127 5129 5142 5151 5152 5167 5181 5200|
|3500bc - 2500bc||A long barrow oriented ENE at the broad end of which were stacked disarticulated skeletons and bones of 53-57 individuals, with 2 early Neolithic pots and an ox skull. Under and bracketing the bones were post holes. Around and over the bones were flint nodules (the cover of a collective mortuary structure). An ox foot and fragmented unweathered Windmill Hill potsherds were on top of these. The inhumation burials were set on the original ground surface, the bones sorted, skulls and long bones separate. Many skeletons were seemingly disarticulated before interment, and were mixed with earth. The bones represented 14-15 males, 15-16 females, and 22-24 children. There were two possible trepannations, and some evidence of malnutrition, and of arthritis. There were burnt bones in Pit B. There were no human remains outside the trapezoid structure. There was no evidence of later use for burial purposes, and the occurrence of fragments of the same pot in and beneath the flints covering the mortuary house suggest a single burial event.
There were ox bones in the ditch infill at the proximal end on the south side of the barrow.
The monument was probably of two phases. In the first a 44m long enclosure of posts stood on the hillside with an entrance at one end. The dead were presumably exposed in this mortuary enclosure. After the death of the youth whose contracted skeleton was found just inside the enclosure entrance, the bones of the previous dead were collected together for a common interment. The main barrow was then built.
RC: from burnt fill in chamber BM-134 3230 +/- 150
|National grid square||SU|
|Bibliographic source||Ashbee 1966a, Morgan and Ashbee 1958|
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Last updated: Tues Aug 10 2004