Background to the Gazetteer | Table of Contents
|Site name||Great Shefford|
|Burial codes||4005 4009 4021 4023 4025 4028 4030 4035 4036 4041 4048 4051 4065 4075 4084 4093 4098 4104 4111 4122 4128 4129 4143 4152 4153 4159 4181|
|2500bc-14/1300bc||A barrow set on natural chalk, with a probable chalk core covered by flint, and then an earth mound. The mound produced a profusion of ashes, bone, teeth and fragments of pottery, in some places the ash forming distinct layers overlaying the chalk rubble. The animal bone was mostly of deer, wild ass, wolf and fowl. Pottery was found in greatest quantity beneath the flint layer.
There were secondary cremations set into the mound, one in a scooped out pit accompanied by an incense vessel whose inner surface had been partially vitrified by intense heat. Nearby were found a perforated chalk clay ball and a bone needle.
At the centre there appears to have been a flat concreted mass of chalk rubble like a pavement. On the western side were traces of at least three (primary?) interments of burnt bone and ash but no accompanying pottery. By one deposit there was a nest of flint implements: 6 arrow points, and 6 scrapers of varying sizes.
|National grid square||SU|
|Bibliographic source||Adams 1871|
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Last updated: Tues Aug 10 2004