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|Site name||Lambourn Seven Barrows 1|
|Burial codes||4005 4009 4022 4023 4025 4028 4030 4035 4043 4047 4051 4065 4072 4075 4084 4093 4097 4098 4101 4104 4111 4123 4128 4143 4151 4152 4153 4160 4181 3002 3005 3022 3023 3025 3028 3030 3035 3041 3048 3051 3065 3075 3084 3092 3094 3098 3104 3111 3128 3143 3152 3153 3161 3173 3181|
|2500bc-14/1300bc||A round barrow with a central primary burial encircled by numerous secondary cremation deposits. The primary burial was of two cremated bodies surrounded by an oval area c8.7m x 5.7m consisting of ashes presumed from the funeral pyre. Towards the north end of the bed was a biconical pygmy incense cup, its incised patterns inlaid with yellowish clay, and near it a bronze knife with a coarse fabric attached to one face, and a bronze awl.
The only inhumation burial was c9.1m south west of the barrow centre, and that of a male crammed into a grave pit 0.75m long, on its right side, head to E, its date hard to determine for certain.
Near the barrow centre c1.8m above the ash layer but below the unbroken chalk covering it was a considerable deposit of bones and ashes of a probable young person.
|14/1300bc-8/700bc||The secondary interments were very numerous and arranged in three concentric circles. There were 59 cinerary urns, the outer circle being set 0.45-6m into the ground, the inner circles c0.6-0.75m deep, and each urn contained cremated human bone. All the urns bar one had been crushed but were originally surrounded by large sarsen stones for protection. The survivor was preserved under an unbroken layer of chalk, and was of the collared type. Beside bone and ash it contained a bronze knife with three rivet holes. From the few but good sketches of urns found, they appear to be of barrel and knobbed globular type (Deverel-Rimbury).
There were also 54 deposits of human bone, ashes and charcoal in varying quantity all surrounded with sarsen stones, and in some cases covered with a large sarsen fragment. These deposits occurred mainly in the NNW to SSE arc intermingled with the two inner circles of urns for the most part.
|National grid square||SU|
|Bibliographic source||Smith 1921, Case 1956-57|
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Last updated: Tues Aug 10 2004