Background to the Gazetteer | Table of Contents
|Site name||Easton Lane, Winchester|
|Burial codes||4003 4004 4009 4022 4023 4026 4028 4030 4035 4043 4047 4051 4052 4053 4065 4071 4072 4073 4081 4083 4085 4092 4098 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4111 4121 4122 4123 4124 4128 4143 4151 4153 4161 4173 4181 2003 2004 2009 2022 2023 2026 2028 2030 2035 2043 2047 2051 2065 2071 2072 2084 2092 2097 2098 2103 2104 2105 2107 2108 2109 2110 2111 2128 2143 2151 2153 2181|
|2500bc-14/1300bc||A site with much evidence for occupation from the Late Neolithic through to the Late Bronze Age, and containing a variety of burial deposits.
Pit 1017 in Area B was conical narrowing from 2.9m diameter to 0.6m at the base. The burial of an adult male c35-45 was inserted into the pit when it was more than half full. It was a crouched inhumation with the head on the south edge of the pit and the feet extending halfway across the pit, the arms tucked up in front of the chest. In the area of the groin were 5 barbed and tanged arrowheads, and 4 fragmentary antler spatulae, perhaps originally in a bag. Just above the groin was a bone awl, and a 6th barbed and tanged arrow head to complete an unusually large group of these artefacts. A nest of struck flakes was next to the hands. Not all the bones were present, but could have been disturbed by burrowing animals or differentially disintegrated. A molar tooth from another individual was also found among these remains, but no other trace of a second burial. The contemporary pottery included Grooved ware (the majority) and Fengate. The pit infill contained flints in mint condition in immediate association with the burial, including core preparation and trimming and rejuvenation flakes (many of which refit), a flint hammerstone and a flint scraper.
In the upper fill of Pit 4775 were two fragments of human bone and 21 sherds of Late Neolithic pottery including possible Fengate and Peterborough ware.
West of ditch feature 1810, sherds of Middle Bronze Age urn were recovered from a possible cremation 4683.
In Area F cremation 507 was in an inverted collared urn more or less resting on the chalk surface, and associated with a copper-alloy awl. The cremated bone was a part deposit of a full cremation. Cremation 598 was loose in a 25cm deep hole, and also a partial deposit. Inhumation 595 was the badly preserved skeleton of an elderly woman which had been buried in a shallow sub-circular pit 1m in diameter.
RC: from limb bone of female inhumation HAR-6123 [2960 +/- 80bp]
Area D contained burial group 4022 in a triangular cemetery comprising 5 cremations and 2 inhumations. Cremation 1700 of an adult was a part deposit in an oval pit 0.7m x 0.55m x 0.25m and contained in an urn placed upright in the pit and packed around with large flints. Cremation 1705 was of a young adult male, placed in an upright Wessex biconical urn in the south west quadrant of a pit 1m in diameter and 0.35m deep. The urn had been surrounded by cut slabs obtained from a second Wessex biconical urn, which had been placed in a triangular arrangement around the base of the upright urn. Sherds of this second urn were also placed on top of the cremated remains in the upright urn. Cremation 1729 was a small amount of burnt human bone in a circular pit 0.47-0.52m in diameter x 0.11m deep accompanied by 2kg of burnt flint. Cremation 1735 was a small amount of burnt human bone in a circular pit 0.72m in diameter x 0.3m deep accompanied by 19kg of burnt flint. Cremation 1744 was of a young adult in an oval pit 0.8m x 0.65m x 0.19m deep accompanied by a large number of flints, nodules, burnt and blackened weighing 23.6kg in all.
Inhumation 1708 was in an oval pit 0.9m x 0.7m x 0.2m deep, and comprised the contracted skeleton of a young adult, head to NE, supine, forearms folded, legs contracted to the left. Inhumation 3058 was the skeleton of a female c35-45 in an oval grave 1.6m x 1m x 0.4m deep, crouched on its left side, head to N facing east, right arm across the chest, accompanied by a necklace of 27 amber, 2 jet and 1 lignite beads.
RC: from limb bone of female HAR-6122 [2740 +/- 70bp]
There was a third inhumation 60m north of the cemetery comprising an adult crouched burial on its right side, head to NW, in a rectangular grave which also contained three sherds of Middle Bronze Age pottery.
Area Bc contained inter alia a small pit or post hole 6099 which had 51 sherds from a single Middle Bronze Age inverted bucket urn and a possible cremation. This was close to and thought closely associated with the western pair of Middle Bronze Age ditches.
|8/700bc-100bc||In Area A there were three burials which by stratigraphic relationships and proximity to the Phase 7 settlement could be dated to the Early Middle Iron Age. Disturbed burial 1035 was of a child c1-3 cut into the Phase 4 ditch 990. Burial 4978 was of a contracted skeleton of an adult male c35-45, head to north, prone, in an irregular oval grave 1.3m x 0.5m x 0.5m deep. In layer 354 in ditch 176 was the disturbed burial of a female adult. The same layer contained bone from a male skeleton. A few fragments of human bone were recovered from post hole 907 and pit 409. Some fragments of cremated human bone were found in post hole 169.
In Area H there were 5 burials all dated to the Middle Iron Age by their proximity to the ditched enclosure and the lack of features from other phases in their immediate vicinity. Most of the skeleton of a foetal/neonate was recovered from layer 5337 in ditch 5624. Burial 5263 was the skeleton of an old male in a disturbed contracted position with his head to north. It was tightly packed into a sub-rectangular pit 0.75m x 0.46m x 0.39m deep. Burial 5264 was the skeleton of a female c35-45 in a crouched position, head to NW, tightly packed into a rectangular pit 1m x 0.55m x 0.22m deep. Burial 5338 was an oval pit 1.64m x 1.32m x 0.28m deep containing two persons, a female c17-25, crouched, head to SE, and a foetal/neonate.
|National grid square||SU|
|Bibliographic source||Fasham, Farwell and Whinney 1989|
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Last updated: Tues Aug 10 2004