Nineteen worked flints were recovered, including a retouched Grand Pressigny 'dagger' blade, 6 scrapers of different kinds; 8 blades or blade segments; a pointed implement; and a blade core. There were also 23 flakes (at least 4 retouched and 5 calcined); 3 burnt or calcined shatters; a calcined bifacial artefact, perhaps a pot-boiler; and a recent gunflint. The material was examined by Lynden Cooper.

The two largest collections of artefacts came from Les Chaumes (Area 2, 22 and 44) and Le Ravery (Area 2, 20, 32 and 49), which yielded respectively 7 and 25 items. The vast majority of the lithics are not chronologically diagnostic, although most can probably be assigned a broad later Neolithic-Bronze Age range (for example, a finely retouched blade from Area 2, Fig. 96, 2). Some items such as the end scraper (Fig. 96, 5, from Ravery) are probably earlier, while the Grand Pressigny blade (Fig. 96, 4, also from Ravery) can be assigned a more precise, Late Neolithic/Chalcolithic date. Only one (blade) core was found (Fig. 96, 6, from Area 3); this had evidently been discarded after some unsuccessful flaking resulted in sharp hinge fractures rendering the core unsuitable for further use. A variety of flint types are represented (see list below).

Table 6: Lithics from the Arroux Valley survey

Field | Description | Dimensions | Area/Site name |
---|---|---|---|

Area 1 | |||

40A | Scraper, broken at proximal end; greyish-fawn/cream | 30 x 33 x 13mm | A1: Varveille |

Area 2 | |||

35A | Retouched flake; white patinated | 38 x 30 x 13mm | A2: Beaufort |

36 | Retouched flake; yellow-brown | 31 x 27 x 11mm | A2: Beaufort |

21 | Backed blade; brown | 40 x 14 x 7mm | A2: Chevannes farm |

58 | Retouched cortical flake: ?gunflint; brownish | 25 x 22 x 6mm | A2: Chevannes farm |

75 [sq 11/4] | Retouched cortical flake (notches = recent damage); brownish | 32 x 30 x 7mm | A2: L'Haut des Champs |

42 | Utilised blade, fine retouch on both edges which are somewhat serrated; orange-brown. Fig. 96, 1. | 54 x 13 x 5 mm | A2: Les Merassires |

42 | Flake/blade segment, possible retouch on one side, broken both ends; orange-brown, some older patination | 35 x 14 x 5 mm | A2: Les Merassires |

46 | Distal blade fragment; some cortex, grey-brown | 36 x 9 x 6 mm | A2: Les Bruyères |

Area 2 - Les Chaumes | |||

22 | Mesial blade segment; reddy-brown | 29 x 17 x 8mm | A2: Les Chaumes |

22B | Triangular scraper?, retouched; greyish | 38 x 25 x 8mm | A2: Les Chaumes |

22B | Chunk/flake?; reddish | 30 x 20 x 13mm | A2: Les Chaumes |

22C | Scraper, fawn. Fig. 96, 2. | 49 x 35 x 10mm | A2: Les Chaumes |

22D | Calcined bifacial artefact - pot boiler? | 45 x 34 x 24mm | A2: Les Chaumes |

44 | Trapezoidal worked flint, pointed at each end; brownish. Fig. 96, 3 | 43 x 16 x 9mm | A2: Les Chaumes |

44A | ?Blade segment, some cortex, left edge retouched; translucent fawnish | 22 x 25 x 4mm | A2: Les Chaumes |

Area 2 - Ravery | |||

20-2 | Burnt flake frag, orange-brown | 19 x 18 x 6mm | A2: Ravery |

20-3 | Flake; fawnish | 30 x 23 x 5mm | A2: Ravery |

32B | Retouched Grand Pressigny blade, distal frag., opaque fawn (3 notches are recent). Fig. 96, 4 | 98 x 33 x 9mm | A2: Ravery |

32B | Side scraper; olive | 44 x 31 x 10mm | A2: Ravery |

32B | Calcined flake frag. | 34 x 19 x 6mm | A2: Ravery |

32C | End scraper frag; violet; from end of blade? Fig. 96, 5 | 22 x 17 x 6mm | A2: Ravery |

32C | Battered blade segment, burnt; violet-brown | 34 x 21 x 8mm | A2: Ravery |

32C | Flake with cortex, unworked; fawnish-brown | 28 x 20 x 10mm | A2: Ravery |

32C | Calcined shatter | 31 x 28 x 16mm | A2: Ravery |

32C | Calcined flake | 24 x 23 x 9mm | A2: Ravery |

32D | Calcined flake frag; originally fawn/grey | 30 x 26 x 11mm | A2: Ravery |

32D | Battered flake (notches = recent damage); pale grey | 62 x 35 x 10mm | A2: Ravery |

32D | Small flint blade, possible notch?; fawnish | 42 x 15 x 5mm | A2: Ravery |

32D | Flake; pinkish-fawn | 34 x 28 x 13mm | A2: Ravery |

32E | Flake with cortex; grey | 45 x 37 x 19mm | A2: Ravery |

32E | Double end scraper; toffee | 28 x 21 x 5mm | A2: Ravery |

32E | Flake; brown | 42 x 32 x 11mm | A2: Ravery |

49A | Flake, pale grey | 29 x 29 x 12mm | A2: Ravery |

49A | Burnt shatter, rather battered; blackish | 27 x 24 x 11mm | A2: Ravery |

49B | Calcined shatter | 36 x 26 x 18mm | A2: Ravery |

49B | Calcined flake | 25 x 25 x 8mm | A2: Ravery |

49B | Calcined flake fragment | 24 x 10 x 6mm | A2: Ravery |

49B | Flake; yellowish-brown | 28 x 19 x 9mm | A2: Ravery |

49B | End of blade scraper; grey/fawn, slightly translucent | 21 x 19 x 5mm | A2: Ravery |

49C | Calcined flake frag., some cortex | 31 x 26 x 12mm | A2: Ravery |

Area 3 | |||

80A | Flake; brownish | 31 x 14 x 6mm | A3: Les Grands Quartiers |

80A | Flake or blade fragment? Apparently retouched; translucent yellowish-brown | 19 x 20 x 4mm | A3: Les Grands Quartiers |

80C | Burnt flake with retouch? Very battered; reddish-brown | 45 x 21 x 7mm | A3: Les Grands Quartiers |

93 | Poss early flake?, non flint, dull brown | 44 x 23 x 11mm | A3: Les Grands Quartiers |

99 | Concave scraper? dull brown | 38 x 37 x 13mm | A3: Pâture de Rully |

99 | Flake with retouch, non-flint; pale grey | 32 x 28 x 8mm | A3: Pâture de Rully |

100 | Blade core, opposed platform; brown. Fig. 96, 6 | 68 x 39 x 26mm | A3: La Bruyère |

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Last updated: Wed Oct 29 2008