Figurines Data

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ID 132
Grid Ref TL1307
Project type Excavation
County Hertfordshire
Site St Albans
Site Name Verulamium
Site Type Civitas capital
Location Type Building
Context Pit (box)
Context Quality 3
Context Date C4
Object Date C2-3
Object Period 3
Material Bronze
Secondary Material Silvered eyes
Other finds from site Found in a box
Import Yes
Place of manufacture Gaul?
Location Verulamium Museum
Ref No SABMS 78.1
M/F Female
Age Mature
Form Figurine
Type Deity
Name Venus
Aliases Aphrodite
Bearded No
Standing/Seated Standing
Headgear Crown of flowers
Attributes Yes
Attribute description Apple/pomegranate
Clothed No
Drapery Yes
Drapery description cloak tied around thighs
Condition Good but slightly worn, especially to left side of face. Thumb on right hand broken and repair to left foot.
Classical 1
Quality High
Photo Yes
Illustration No
Height 200.00
Length 0.00
Prototype Hellenistic.
Parallels Bieber 1961, fig 609/10; Menzel 1966, no 80; Kaufmann-Heinimann 1977, no 69
References Pitts 1979, no 112, pl 20; Toynbee 1964, 84, 1962, no 28; Green 1976, 207; Lindgren 1980, 77-8, pl 41; Frere 1972, 140; Anon 1960, 227
[Link to Bibliography]
Description A strand of the godess's hair hangs forward, in the normal way, on to either shoulder; whereas the attributes- the crown of fruits (if indeed this is not a bow of hair) and the pomegranate or apple, cupped in leaves, which is clasped in the lowered left hand- are an unusual combination in a Venus type, although they harmonize well enough with the fertility and other-world aspects of her cult that were particularly prominent in Celtic countries. The mannered pose and gestures and the plastic modelling are, however, wholly Hellenistic, and the execution displays no distinctively provincial features (Toynbee). The drapery tied around the hips is knotted in front. Simple yet elegant piece. Expressive well-modelled face, details on hands and feet.


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Last updated: Wed Feb 29 2012