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ABCD: Avena sp.

Avena sp.

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Site no Site Location Date Period
77 Freswick Links Freswick, Caithness, Highland, Scotland 1983 late Norse
Sample Period
0077a PR.SE
1006 London (Roman waterfront) London, Greater London, England 1983 Roman
Sample Period
1006a RO.RN.MR.?
1141 Chalk 61 nr Gravesend, Kent, England 1972 Roman
Sample Period
1141a RO.RB
1221 Little Waltham 70-1 nr Chelmsford, Essex, England 1978 Iron Age - medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1221a PH.IA C11 wall trench fill clay Iron Age -250 -300
1264 Old Gaol Abingdon 73 Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1975 Roman/medieval/post-med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1264a PR.MD.HM F 39/42 pit fill charcoal rich soil 13th c 1200 1300
1144 Crosskirk 66-72 Caithness, Highland, Scotland 1984 Iron Age?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1144a PH.IA Period 1 com nr Iron Age 5th-4thbc ? ?
1144b PH:RO:PC:PR.RB Periods 2- com nr ? -200 200
1051 Upper Suisgill 78 Sutherland, Highland, Scotland 1985 Early-mid 1st millenium & post-med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1051a PH.IA COM nr nr Iron Age -1000 -500
1451 Holy Island Village 77 Lindisfarne, Northumberland, England 1985 Saxon-post med-early modern
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1451d PR.? Phase 5 22 drain fill nr early post med 1500 1650
1451c PR.? Phase 4 23 pit fill nr early post med ? ?
1451a PR.? Phase 2 17 layer light brown sandy lo late Saxon/early medieval 875 1275
1451b PR.? Phase 3/4 pit fill sticky black loam later med/post med ? ?
1508 Victoria St 68 Hereford, Hereford & Worcester, England 1985 Saxon (medieval)
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1508b PR.SE.MS 360 oven layer nr Saxon 640 810
1508a PR.SE.MS 89, 309 oven fill nr Saxon 640 810
1527 Magistrates Court Norwich Norwich (Whitefriars St site), Norfolk, England 1988 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1527c PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1527d PR.MD:PM.LM:16 Period 3 latrine fill nr medieval 1450 1550
1527a PR.SE:MD.? 1119, 1122 gully fill nr Period 2 1100 1300
1527h PR.SE.AS Period 1 pit fills nr Saxo-Norman 1000 1150
1527e PR.SE.AS Period 1 pit fills nr Saxo-Norman 1000 1150
1527i PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1541 Wytch Farm 87-90 Isle of Purbeck, Dorset, England 1991 ?
Sample Period
1541a PH.BA:IA.?
1329 Osea Road River Blackwater estuary, Essex, England 1978 ?
Sample Period
1329a ND
1351 Gestingthorpe 53-68 Hill Farm Halstead, Essex, England 1985 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1351b RO CG layer nr Roman ? ?
1375 Church St Carmarthen 76 Carmarthen, Dyfed, Wales 1978 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1375b RO.RM.ER 73a & 73b ditch fill grey silty clay Roman 50 150
1375a RO.RM.LR well 59 well fill compacted plant rema Roman 275 350
1405 Halfpenny Lane 89 Cleeve-Didcote pipeline (nr Goring), Oxfordshire, England 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1405a PH.IA.MI (15) pit fills nr middle Iron Age ? ?
1630 Farmoor 74-6 Farmoor, Upper Thames, Oxfordshire, England 1979 Iron Age-Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1630a PH:RO.IA.RB.? L1002/2/3 corndrier fill black loam with cere Roman 300 400
1644 Micheldever Wood Micheldever, nr Winchester, Hampshire, England 1980 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1644a PH.IA ? ? ? Iron Age ? ?
1644b RO 8, 293, 29 pit fills ? Roman ? ?
1776 Goldherring 58-61 Sancreed, nr Penzance, Cornwall, England 1969 late 1st BC or early 1st AD to 6th AD
Sample Period
1776a PH.IA:RB
1783 Church Close Hartlepool 84-5 Hartlepool, Cleveland, England 1991 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1783a PR.MD.HM 1147 ditch fill ? medieval 1200 1250
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1671 Skeleton Green 71-2 Puckeridge, Bishop's Stortford/Stevenage, Hertfordshire, England 1981 late Iron Age-Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1671a RO.RN.ER (1) floor deposit nr Roman 35 45
1722 Welton Wold , Humberside, England 1991 Roman 2nd cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1722a RO.? - kiln flue fill nr Roman 100 200
1727 Crown Court 85-6 Newcastle Quayside, Tyne and Wear, England 1989 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1727a PR.MD com many ? medieval ? ?
1563 Stratfords Yard 82 Chesham (East St), Buckinghamshire, England 1989 mesolithic - neolithic
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1563a PH.ML:NE.? (30) ? nr neolithic or medieval ? ?
1595 Friernhay St Exeter 81 Exeter, Devon, England 1984 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1595a RO.RM.ER (4) ditch fills nr Roman 000 200
1014 Dundurn 76-7 Crieff/Lochearnhead, Tayside, Scotland 1989 7th C AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1014b ND DN110 nr nr 7thcAD,Pictish 320 680
1255 Pembrey 77 Pembrey, nr Llanelli, Dyfed, Wales 1981 late Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1255a PH.IA.LI pre-rampar various nr late Iron Age -450 -390
1185 Brough Road 76-82 Birsay, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1185b PR.SE.ES:MS Area 2 all middens nr later Pictish early Viking ? ?
1185c PR.SE.ES:MS Area 3 ? nr later Pictish early Viking ? ?
1185a PR.SE.ES:MS com ? nr later Pictish early Viking ? ?
1197 Lullingstone 49-61 nr Orpington, Kent, England 1987 Roman
Sample Period
1197c RO.RN
1213 Old Down Farm 74-7 Andover, Hampshire, England 1981 Late Neolithic - Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1213a PH.IA.EI 253, 2128 pit fills nr early Iron Age -700 -400
1054 Saddler St 74 Durham City, Durham, England 1979 10th-early 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1054a PR.SE.AS 1726/1589/ middens/drain fill nr Saxo-Norman 771 1203
1054b PR.SE.AS 1576/1575/ pit fill & midden nr Saxo-Norman 593 1178
1063 Upper Redesdale 80-1 nr Otterburn, Northumberland, England 1982 16th - 17th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1063a PR.PM nr layer burnt material post medieval 1500 1700
1068 Balloch Hill 73-8 Argyll, Kintyre, Strathclyde, Scotland 1982 Neolithic/Bronze age/Iron age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1068b PH.IA IA COM various nr Iron Age ? ?
1521 Balkerne Lane 73-6 Colchester, Essex, England 1984 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1521b RO.RM.ER LK119, KF1 layer & feature fill nr Roman 50 61
1521a RO.RM.ER Jl 36 & JF layer & pit fill nr Roman 50 61
1547 Copse Farm 80-3 Oving, nr Chichester, Sussex (E & W), England 1985 late iron Age - early Romano-British c.
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1547a PH.IA.LI Trench B layer nr late Iron Age - early Romano-B ? ?
1552 Lofts Farm 84-5 Heybridge, Blackwater Estuary, Essex, England 1988 Neolithic - Late Bronze Age - Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1552b PH.BA.LB (22) ? nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1377 Meare West 79 nr Meare, Somerset Levels, Somerset, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1377a PH (8) occupation layers black earth ? ? ?
1383 Hascombe 72-7 nr Godalming, Surrey, England 1979 Iron Age 200BC-50BC
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1383b PH.IA.LI H77/12/4,5 pit fill carbonised material Iron Age -200 -000
1383a PH.IA Pit 1 H77/ pit fill thick layer of carb. Iron Age -200 -000
1386 Killederdadrum Co. Tipperary, Tipperary, Ireland, Eire 1984 early christian
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1386a RO:PR.PC ? ditch & pit fills ? early Christian 800 1424
1610 Walton 73-4 Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England 1976 Saxon (5th-7th cAD) - medieval
Sample Period
1610a PR.SE
1610b PR.SE
1624 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1624a PR.SE.MS (3) pit/depression fills dark silty clays Anglian 580 900
1626 Malton 30 Malton, North Yorkshire, England 1982 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1626a RO.RM - layer charred grain & char Roman 200 400
1627 Sewer Lane 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1977 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1627a PR.MD.LM Phase II P pit fill organic medieval 1400 1500
1629 Farmoor 74-6 Farmoor, Upper Thames, Oxfordshire, England 1979 Iron Age-Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1629c RO 17/4 & 116 pit fill & water hole - Roman ? ?
1629a PH:RO.IA.RB.? (5) sump, gully & ditch fills - Iron Age ? ?
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, E, London: British Museum. 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638c PH.BA.LB L20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1753 Ballyutoag 81-2 Auchnabrack House A & B, Antrim, N. Ireland 1984 Ist millenium AD
Sample Period
1753a PC:PR.SE
1918 Maiden Castle 85-6 (a) nr Dorchester, Dorset, England 1991 (Neolithic) Iron Age (Roman, med.)
Sample Period
1918a PH.NE:BA:IA
1703 Stowmarket 78 Stowmarket (Victoria Rd), Suffolk, England 1989 Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1703a RO.RB (5) kiln fill & kiln structur nr Roman (RB) 100 300
1719 George Inn 69 Portsmouth, Hampshire, England 1969 Saxon
Sample Period
1719a PR.SE
1723 Grove Priory nr Bedford, Bedfordshire, England 1991 medieval 13th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1723a PR.MD.HM - kiln floor layer charcoal, loam & ash medieval 1200 1300
1725 Penycoed 83 Llangynog, nr Carmarthen, Dyfed, Wales 1985 late Iron Age and RB (medieval)
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1725a PH.IA com ditch fill nr Iron Age ? ?
1725c PH.IA com post hole fills nr Iron Age ? ?
1725b PH.IA com ditch fill nr Iron Age ? ?
1737 Watling Court City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1737b PR.SE.AS Phase 4-5 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1737c PR.SE.AS Phase 4 occupation layers ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1738 Well Court City of London, Greater London, England 1991 10th or early 11th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1738a PR.SE Phase 3-4 oven/hearth deposits ash Saxon-Norman ? ?
1582 Kirkby Thore 83 nr Appleby, Cumbria, England 1989 Roman - medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1582a RO (5) feature fills nr Roman 100 200
1017 Watergate St 85 Chester, Cheshire, England 1988 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1017a PR.MD.HM F9 pit fill organic dark brown mid 13th 1225 1275
1237 Arddleen 79 Oswestry/Welshpool, Powys, Wales 1985 Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1237a RO.RB 4 ditch fill stony grey clay with Romano-British -28 230
1265 Broad St Abingdon 73 (a) Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1975 Roman 2nd-4thcAD/medieval/post-med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1265a RO.RN.LR Trench II ditch fill charcoal and ash Roman 300 350
1275 Stert St 75-6 Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1979 medieval/post-med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1275c PR.MD.LM F32 pit fill nr 15th-16th 1400 1600
1275a PR.MD.EM F33 & 66 pit fills nr 13th c 1200 1300
1275b PR.MD.HM F15/1 & 24 pit fills nr 13th/14th c 1200 1400
1275d PR.PM F27 pit fill nr post-medieval ? ?
1165 Ballynaraha Co. Tipperary, Tipperary, Ireland, Eire 1988 ?med/post med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1165a PR.MD:PM F5,8,9 & 1 kiln feature fills silt & clay medieval/post-medieval ? ?
1178 Saevar Howe 77 Birsay, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1983 Viking overlying Pictish
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1178a PR.SE.AS Phase IIb/ house floors nr norse 9th c 800 900
1052 Collfryn 82 Llansantffraid Deuddwr, Welshpool, Powys, Wales 1984 Iron Age/Romano-British/15th C
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1052a PR.MD.HM:LM 3818-3819 stoke hole & chamber nr medieval 1380 1485
1065 Oil Mill Lane Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England 1982 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1065a PR.MD.EM F08 & F13 floor layer compressed earth wit late 12th-early 13th 1175 1225
1510 Bewell House Hereford, Hereford & Worcester, England 1985 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1510a PR.? P4 Layer 3 oven fill burnt material & ash medieval 1225 1275
1525 Queen St King's Lynn 77 King's Lynn, Norfolk, England 1982 late 12th and early 13th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1525a PR.MD.HM 13 & 2 dumped layer dark greyish brown s early medieval 1000 1250
1555 Bierton Vale of Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England 1988 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1555c PR.MD.EM 0611 occupation deposits ? medieval 1100 1300
1555d PR.MD.HM 0523/0524 occupation deposits ? medieval 1200 1500
1555b RO.RB (2) occupation deposits nr Romano-British ? ?
1555a PH.IA.LI (9) occupation deposits nr late Iron Age ? ?
1380 Portchester (Roman) 66 Portchester, nr Portsmouth, Hampshire, England 1975 Roman
Sample Period
1380a RO.RN.LR
1396 Borough High St (199) Southwark, London, Greater London, England 1988 Roman-post med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1396e PR.MD comb pit fills nr early-late medieval ? ?
1418 Melbourne St 71-6 Southampton, Hamwih, Hampshire, England 1980 Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1418b PR.SE.MS.AS SARCVF16 pit fill nr Saxon 750 870
1631 South Shields 84 South Shields, Tyne and Wear, England 1988 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1631a RO.RM 12236 layer clay & clay silt wit Roman 210 275
1647 Thetford 73-80 Thetford, Norfolk, England 1984 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1647a PR.SE.AS P14, P158 pit fills ? late Saxon ? ?
1660 Cefn Graeanog 77 Clynnog, Lleyn Peninsula, Gwynedd, Wales 1982 medieval 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1660a PR.MD.HM (9) floor layers/occupation nr medieval 1200 1300
1740 Ironmonger Lane City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1740a PR.SE Phase 2-6 occupation layers/pit fil ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1771 Wharram 53-60 Wharram Percy, nr Malton, North Yorkshire, England 1979 (Roman) 12th - 16th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1771a PR.MD:PM Area 10 J2 pit fill nr medieval 1250 1300
1771c PR.MD.HM K29 hearth deposit charred material medieval 1300 1400
1771b PR.MD:PM Area 6 H28 pit fill charcoal deposit medieval 1300 1400
1798 Llanthony Priory 78-9 Black Mountains, Gwent, Wales 1983 high medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1798a PR.MD.HM Period IIa spread black charcoal rich medieval 1300 1400
1925 Lurk Lane 79-82 Beverley, Humberside, England 1991 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1925c PR.SE.AS Phase 5 ditch & pit fills dark grey silt 10-11th c 900 1100
1925e PR.MD.LM Phase 8 garderobe fill dark brown/black"pe c1400-1500 1400 1500
1689 Thirlings 73-81 nr Wooler, Northumberland, England 1985 grooved ware/Neolithic - Anglo-Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1689a PH.NE 1858,1894, pit fills nr neolithic ? ?
1696 Biglis 78-9 nr Barry, Glamorgan (W, M & S), Wales 1988 late Iron Age-Romano-British 1st-4th AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1696a PH:RO.IA:RB.LI:ER ORG 62 nr unconsolidated sand undated pre c1140 ? ?
1697 Crookhorn 74-5 nr Portsmouth, Hampshire, England 1989 Romano-British late 3rd-early 4thcAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1697a RO.RN.LR 049, 430 pit/corn drier fill nr Roman 200 350
1733 Athenry Castle 89 Athenry, Galway, Galway, Ireland, Eire 1991 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1733a PR.MD 167 pit fill sandy clay loams medieval 1275 1330
1003 Danebury 78 Andover/Salisbury/Winchester, Hampshire, England 1984 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1003a PH.IA 450-1098 pit fills & layers nr Iron Age -550 -50
1127 Kintore 84 Inverurie/Aberdeen, Grampian, Scotland 1986 Romano-british
Sample Period
1127a RO:PC:PR.RB
1230 Ballymulholland 84 Magilligan Foreland, Co. Derry, Londonderry, N. Ireland 1988 Iron Age - Medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1230b PR.MD Site 2 layer nr ?medieval ? ?
1240 Ty Mawr 78-82 Holyhead Is. Anglesey, Gwynedd, Wales 1987 mesolithic - early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1240c PR.SE.ES T4 269 occupation layer/floor ? 6th cAD ? ?
1240a PR.SE.ES T4 296/297 pit fill & hearth ? 6thc 520 580
1240b PR.SE.ES T1 17 floor layer grey brown clayey so 6thc 520 580
1262 Copt Hay 72 Tetsworth, nr Thame, Oxfordshire, England 1974 3rdcAD/11th-13thc/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1262a PR.MD com ditch & feature fills nr medieval ? ?
1277 The Hamel 75-6 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1980 medieval early 13th-early 16th
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1277a PR.MD.EM 778 D3b ditch fill ? late 12th-early 13th 1150 1250
1279 Dunston's Clump 81 Babworth, nr East Retford, Nottinghamshire, England 1988 late 1stcBC-3rdcAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1279c ND unphased pit & post hole fills sandy ?Iron Age/RB - -
1279b RO.RB Phase III feature fills sandy Romano-British 100 300
1279a PH:RO.IA:RB Phase I & pit/post hole fills sandy Iron Age/Romano-British 50 50
1426 Wandlebury 55-6 Gog Magog Hills, nr Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England 1965 Iron Age
Sample Period
1426a PH.IA
1518 Windmill Hill 70-2 Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England 1987 Roman ?1st cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1518a RO.RN.ER No 1, 2 & corn drier fills nr Roman 000 100
1526 Norwich Castle Bailey 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1985 Saxon-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1526a PR.SE.? 1006 well fill (basal) dark brown organic late Saxon 1000 1075
1326 Tollesbury nr Tiptree, Essex, England 1978 ?
Sample Period
1326a ND
1370 Cirencester Chester Mews 64 Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England 1982 Roman 1st Century
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1370a RO.ER BC1 47 layer (o.g.s) nr Roman 45 50
1394 Faccenda Farm 83 nr Alchester, Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Roman late 1st-early 3rd
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1394a RO.RN.ER (3) ditch & pit fills dark brown organic l Roman 075 150
1781 Lough Faughan 51-2 Co. Down, Down, N. Ireland 1956 early Christian
Sample Period
1781a PC:PR
1724 Wharram Percy Wharram Percy, nr Malton, North Yorkshire, England 1991 medieval 13-14th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1724a PR.MD.HM Site 71 rubbish layer charcoal rich medieval 1275 1400
1001 Rhuddlan 79-80 nr Rhyl, Clwyd, Wales 1985 Anglo-Saxon/Early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1001a PR.SE.AS 1-10 charcoal spread charred material Anglo-Saxon 0920 0990
1005 The Forum London, Greater London, England 1983 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1005a RO.RN.ER.? 1 granary layer pure grain Roman 000 100
1008 Thorpe Thewles 80-2 nr Stockton-on-Tees, Cleveland, England 1987 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1008a PH.IA.LI COMB feature fills silty sandy clay late Iron Age -300 100
1023 Willington 70-2 Derby/Burton-upon-Trent, Derbyshire, England 1979 Neolithic-Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1023a PH.IA.? 1 nr nr Iron Age ? ?
1224 Brough of Birsay 74-82 Orkney (Mainland), Orkney, Scotland 1986 early Christain-Norse
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1224c PR.SE.AS phase 2.2 features ? norse/early med 900 1200
1224d PR.SE.AS phase 3 features ? medieval 1000 1100
1224a PR.SE.MS phase 1 features ? early Christian/Norse 650 850
1224e PR.MD:PM phase 4 features ? ?post-med ? ?
1224b PR.SE.MS phase 2.1 features ? norse 850 900
1204 Black Patch 77-9 Lewes, Sussex (E & W), England 1982 Late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1204b PH.BA.LB Huts 1&3, pit fills pure grain late Bronze Age -1130 -830
1427 Aldwick Barley 59-61 nr Royston, Hertfordshire, England 1965 Iron Age
Sample Period
1427a PH.IA
1445 Whitefriars St 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1983 Saxon and medieval 10th-early 13th
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1445c PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Period III pit fill & layer black silty loam Saxon & medieval 1075 1200
1445b PR.SE.AS Period II accumulation layers organic/humic/silty/ Saxon 975 1100
1445d PR.SE:MD.MS:AS:EM Periods I- accumulation layers - Saxon & medieval 830 1200
1509 Berrington St 72-6 Hereford, Hereford & Worcester, England 1985 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1509b PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Site 4 P2c building layer nr Saxon-medieval 1075 1150
1542 West Creech Wych Farm Oilfield, Dorset, England 1991 mid-late Iron Age
Sample Period
1542a PH.IA.MI.LI
1543 Ower Peninsular Wytch Farm Oilfield, Dorset, England 1991 Late Iron Age/ Romano-British
Sample Period
1543a PH:RO.IA:RB.LI:ER
1342 Marlborough Grange 67 Llanblethian, nr Cowbridge, Glamorgan (W, M & S), Wales 1968 Early Iron Age - Bronze Age
Sample Period
1342a PH.BA:IA.BI
1374 Oakbank Crannog Loch Tay, Tayside, Scotland 1988 Bronze Age/Iron Age transition
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1374a PH.BA:IA.BI com occupation layers organic Bronze Age/Iron Age transition -705 -200
1387 Ilchester 74-5 Ilchester, Somerset, England 1982 roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1387a RO (31) feature fills nr Roman ? ?
1403 Dalton Parlours 76 Collingham, nr Wetherby, West Yorkshire, England 1990 Iron Age and Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1403a PH.RO.? Structure building fill nr Roman 200 370
1412 Easton Lane nr Winchester, Hampshire, England 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1412a PH.? Area A 492 pit fills nr middle Iron Age ? ?
1599 Rollright Stones 82-6 nr Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, England 1988 Neolithic - Bronze Age - Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1599a PH.? (7) pit & ditch fills nr Iron Age ? ?
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617e RO.ER Group 5 (7 granary layers burnt material Roman 175 200
1617j PR.MD.EM:HM Group 10 ( pit fills - medieval 1100 1300
1617i PR.SE.AS Group 9 (2 pit fill - Anglo-Scand 800 1000
1617c RO.ER Group 3 (1 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617a RO.MR Group 1 (7 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617b RO.ER Group 2 (3 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1621 Coppergate 74 York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1621b PR.SE:MD Area S wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1648 Marefair 77 Northampton, Northamptonshire, England 1974 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1648a PR.? - oven fill ? late medieval 1450 1525
1648b PR.SE.AS A 222 occupation deposit ? late Saxon ? ?
1648c PR.SE.AS A 365 hearth material ? late Saxon ? ?
1674 Asheldham Camp 85 Dengie Peninsula, Essex, England 1991 early Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1674b PH.IA.EI Trench A & feature fills nr early Iron Age ? ?
1674a PH.IA.? Trench F ( post hole & pit fills nr early Iron Age ? ?
1729 Shop St Drogheda 81 Drogheda, Co. Louth, Louth, Ireland, Eire 1984 early 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1729a PR.MD.EM:HM 21 & 19 occupation layers brown fiberous organ medieval 1200 1300
1734 Abbots Worthy nr Winchester, Hampshire, England 1992 middle Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1734e PR.SE.AS ? post holes ? Anglo-Saxon ? ?
1734a PR.SE.AS - SFB ? Anglo-Saxon ? ?
1734d PR.SE.AS - pits ? Anglo-Saxon ? ?
1734b PR.SE.AS ? large pits ? Anglo-Saxon ? ?
1736 Milk St City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1736a PR.SE Phase 1 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1736d PR.SE.AS Phase 5-6 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1736c PR.SE.AS Phase 4 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1589 Okehampton Castle 72-80 Okehampton, Devon, England 1982 medieval (1068) - post medieval
Sample Period
1589a PR.MD.HM
1241 The Wrekin 73 nr Telford, Shropshire, England 1984 Bronze Age c.900BC-c.AD50
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1241a PH.BA com post hole fills nr Bronze Age -900 -420
1283 Isca 58 Caerleon, Gwent, Wales 1964 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1283a RO.ER nr demolition layer nr Roman 80 130
1305 Dominican Priory Oxford 76-83 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1985 ?medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1305b PR.MD.EM:HM B&C&D alluvium & floodplain dep alluvium pre-mid 13th c ? ?
1207 Down Farm Woodcutts, Cranborne Chase, Dorset, England 1980 Late Neolithic
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1207c PH.BA com post holes nr Bronze Age ? ?
1441 Bigberry 78-80 Canterbury, Kent, England 1983 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1441a PH:RO.IA:RB.LI:ER B80/1 water hole fill nr late Iron Age -220 100
1447 Pottergate 73 Norwich, 149N, Norfolk, England 1985 14-15th, c.1450
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1447a PR.MD.? (4) pit fills nr medieval 1200 1500
1447c PR.PM.16:17 523-1058 ( fire deposit/pit fills nr post medieval 1500 1700
1447b PR.MD.LM 1042 pit fill nr late medieval 1400 1500
1554 Long Crendon 84 nr Thame, Buckinghamshire, England 1984 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1554a PH.IA Pit 100, 1 pit fill nr ?mid Iron Age ? ?
1330 Ingoldmells nr Skegness, Lincolnshire, England 1978 ?
Sample Period
1330a ND
1389 Hengistbury Head 70-85 nr Christchurch, Dorset, England 1987 Upper Palaeolithic to late Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1389b PH.IA.LI com - nr late Iron Age ? ?
1389d PH:RO.IA:RN.LI:ER com - nr late Iron Age/Roman & Roman ? ?
1389a PH.IA.EI.MI com - nr early to mid Iron Age ? ?
1389e ND com - nr undated ? ?
1389c PH.IA.LI com - nr late Iron Age ? ?
1401 Staunch Meadow 80-7 Brandon, Norfolk, England 1988 middle Saxon
Sample Period
1401a PR.SE.MS
1417 Brean Down 83-7 Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England 1990 Neolithic to post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1417f PH.BA.MB:LB Unit 5b (1 occupation layer nr mid to late Bronze Age -2020 -840
1620 Lloyds Bank York 72-3 6-8 Pavement, York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1620a PR.SE.AS (43) layers/?occupation floors - Anglo-Scand 900 1100
1622 Coney St York 74-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1979 roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1622a RO.RM 2077 burnt grain deposit cereal grain Roman 70 200
1639 Bearsden nr Glasgow (Antonine Wall), Central, Scotland 19?? Roman mid 2nd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1639a RO.? column ditch fill silts Roman ? ?
1640 Maxey 79-81 nr Stamford, Cambridgeshire, England 1985 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1640b RO Phases 7-9 feature fills nr Roman ? ?
1640a PH.IA Phases 2, feature fills nr Iron Age ? ?
1680 Barrow Hills Radley, nr Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1989 grooved ware/Neolithic
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1680b PR.SE (13) SFB nr Saxon ? ?
1680c ND 601/5 (2) ditch fill nr ? ? ?
1704 Twywell 66-7 nr Kettering, Northamptonshire, England 1975 Iron Age
Sample Period
1704a PH.IA
1730 Trim Castle 71-4 Co. Meath, Meath, Ireland, Eire 1978 mid to late 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1730a PR.MD.HM E94 P1 fosse & pit fill dark loam medieval 1250 1300
1739 Peninsular House City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early mediaval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1739a PR.SE Phases 1-4 hearths/occupation layers ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1002 Cowick 76 nr Snaith, Humberside, England 1989 late medieval, post 1321
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1002a PR.MD.LM 51 moat fill organic late-medieval 1323 1500
1015 Ashville Estate 74-6 Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1978 Bronze Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1015c PH.IA.MI IA2 pit & ditch fills nr mid Iron Age ? ?
1015d PH.IA.LI IA3 pit & ditch fills nr late Iron Age ? ?
1015e RO.RB RB1 pit & ditch fills nr Romano-British 000 300
1015b PH.IA.EI IA1 pit & ditch fills nr early Iron Age ? ?
1091 Machrins 77 Colonsay, Argyll, Strathclyde, Scotland 1981 undated
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1091a ND nr flue fill nr undated ? ?
1101 Machrins 77-8 Colonsay, Argyll, Strathclyde, Scotland 1981 c. 800 AD
Sample Period
1101a PR.SE.MS
1232 St Martin's House 74 Wareham (North St.), Dorset, England 1980 10th C - post medieval
Sample Period
1232a PR.SE
1244 Hartlepool 84-5 Church Close, Cleveland, England 1988 Anglo-Saxon/7th-8thc - medieval
Sample Period
1244a PR.SE.MS
1211 Aldermaston Wharf Reading/Newbury, Berkshire, England 1980 Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1211a PH.BA com pit fills nr Bronze Age ? ?
1043 Fore St Taunton 79 Taunton, Somerset, England 1990 Roman/post-Medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1043a PR.PM.16 P41/P22/P5 pit fill richly organic post-medieval 1500 1600
1069 Castlehill of Strachan 80-1 Grampian, Grampian, Scotland 1985 c.1250-1350
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1069a PR.MD.HM comb midden & feature fills nr high medieval 1250 1350
1439 Winnal Down 76-7 nr Winchester, Hampshire, England 1985 Bronze Age/Iron Age/RB/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1439b PH.IA.MI com pit & gully fills nr middle Iron Age ? ?
1442 Scole 73 nr Diss, Norfolk, England 1977 Romano-British Flavian-late 3rd cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1442a RO.? com well fill nr Roman 100 200
1443 St Barnabas Hospital 77 Thetford, Norfolk, England 1984 late Saxon(9/10th) to 19th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1443a PR.SE.AS comb pit fills sand/low organic Late Saxon 900 1050
1517 Heelands 79 Milton Keynes MK137, Buckinghamshire, England 1987 Roman ?2nd cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1517a RO.RN.MR ? oven fill nr Roman 100 250
1544 Ower Farm Isle of Purbeck, Dorset, England 1991 13th c
Sample Period
1544a PR.MD.HM
1546 Collfryn 80-2 Llansantffraid Deuddwr, Welshpool, Powys, Wales 1989 3rd c BC Iron Age to medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1546b PH.IA (7) ? nr Iron Age ? ?
1546c RO.RB (7) ? nr Romano-British ? ?
1560 Walton Rd Aylesbury 86 Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England 1989 prehist - medieval and post medieval
Sample Period
1560a PR.MD:PM
1562 Walton Lodge Aylesbury 85-6 Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England 1989 mid Bronze Age - Saxon - medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1562a PH.BA.MB.? (2) layer nr ?mid Bronze Age ? ?
1361 Dod Law West Wooler, Northumberland, England 1989 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1361a PH.IA com rampart layers nr Iron Age -300 100
1391 Watkins Farm Northmoor, nr Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1990 IronAge - Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1391b RO.RB com nr nr Romano-British ? ?
1765 St Peter's St 73-6 Northampton, Northamptonshire, England 1979 early Saxon Ad 800 - 1500
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1765a PR.MD.LM G86 10 stoke hole fill nr medieval 1400 1450
1673 James St Drogheda Drogheda, Louth, Ireland, Eire 1985 13th-16th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1673a PR.MD.HM ? occupation deposits nr medieval 1200 1400
1673b PR.PM.16 - occupation deposits ? post-medieval 1500 1600
1691 Hallshill Farm 81 ?Redesdale, Northumberland, England 1985 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1691a PH.BA:LB com post hole & pit fills & b nr later Bronze Age -1200 -500
1011 West Stow (Saxon) 65-72 nr Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England 1985 Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1011b PR.SE.AS WSSFB63 SFB nr Anglo-Saxon 0 0
1011d PR.SE.AS WSW026 pit fill burnt grain 7thc 0 0
1011f PR.SE.AS WSWSFB143 SFB nr Anglo-Saxon 0 0
1011a RO. WS472 pit fill nr Roman ? ?
1242 Catcote 87 Hartlepool, Cleveland, England 1989 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1242a PH.IA.LI Area F 55 gully fills nr late Iron Age -400 -300
1242b RO.RB F120,151,5 foundation trench post ho nr Romano-British 200 300
1299 Coulters Garage 78 Alcester, Warwickshire, England 1989 prehist/Iron age/Roman 2nd-4th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1299a RO.MR Period II layer almost entirely chaf Roman 175 200
1302 Tibbets Close 83-4 Alcester, Warwickshire, England 1989 Iron Age/Roman/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1302a RO.MR II 51 layer nr Roman 100 300
1306 St Aldates (33) Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Late Saxon 10th - 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1306b PR.SE.AS L409 fire layer charcoal layer/dark 11th c 1000 1100
1323 Gussage All Saints 72 Gussage All Saints, Dorset, England 1979 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1323a PH.IA Phases 1,2 feature fills nr Iron Age ? ?
1145 Soutra 89 Lauder/Edinburgh, Borders, Scotland 1989 ?medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1145a PR.MD.? - well fill nr ?medieval ? ?
1153 Point of Buckquoy 60 Orkney (Mainland), Orkney, Scotland 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1153b PH.BA Area 6 Pha soil horizon nr ?Bronze Age ? ?
1048 Dublin 62-81 Fishamble/Wood Quay etc, Dublin, Ireland, Eire 1987 early medieval ?9th-?13/14?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1048a PR.SE.AS.? COMB various ? early medieval 0 0
1446 Alms Lane 76 Norwich, Site 302N, Norfolk, England 1985 10th-13th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1446a PR.SE:MD.? Phase 1 feature fills & occupatio nr late Saxon 1000 1050
1446h PR.PM.17 Phase 9 feature fills & occupatio nr post medieval 1600 1675
1446e PR.MD.LM Phase 6 feature fills & occupatio nr medieval 1450 1500
1446f PR.MD:PM.LM:16 Phase 7 feature fills & occupatio nr medieval 1500 1575
1446i PR.PM.17:18 Phase 10 feature fills & occupatio nr post medieval 1675 1720
1446g PR.MD:PM.LM:16 Phase 8 feature fills & occupatio nr medieval & post medieval 1575 1600
1446b PR.MD.EM Phase 3 feature fills & occupatio nr medieval 1150 1275
1446d PR.MD.LM Phase 5 feature fills & occupatio nr medieval 1400 1450
1446c PR.MD.HM Phase 4 feature fills & occupatio mr medieval 1275 1400
1481 Bishopstone 72-5 Seaford, Sussex (E & W), England 1977 Neolithic - Iron Age - Romano-British -
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1481b PH.IA (6) pit & post hole fills nr Iron Age ? ?
1481c RO.RB (7) ? nr Romano-British ? ?
1363 Tudor Merchant's House Quay St, Tenby, Dyfed, Wales 1990 post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1363a PR.PM.16 1 pit fill mineralised organic post medieval 1500 1600
1372 Taunton Priory 80 Taunton, Somerset, England 1984 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1372c PR.MD F69 ditch fill dark grey soil with medieval ? ?
1372a PR.MD.? F68 pit fill ashy & organic/peaty medieval ? ?
1419 Poundbury 66-82 Dorchester, Dorset, England 1987 neolithic-post-roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1419d PR.SE.ES com feature fills nr post roman 350 650
1419b PH.IA com pit and ditch fills & occ nr Iron Age ? ?
1419e PR.SE.ES com grain drier fills nr post Roman 300 625
1419c RO com pit & ditch fills nr Roman ? ?
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616h RO:PR.LR:SE Period 8 ( buildup - Roman & ?later 300 400
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
1616k PR.MD.EM:HM Period 12 pit or well fills - Medieval 1200 1300
1616b RO.MR Period 2 ( buildup & ditch fill - Roman 125 175
1616c RO.MR Period 3 ( feature fills, buildups & - Roman 150 200
1616j PR.MD.EM:HM Period 11 pit fills - early medieval 1100 1300
1616f RO.MR Period 6 ( occupation layers/buildup - Roman 175 250
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, Berkshire, England 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638c PH.BA.LB L20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1926 Eastgate Beverley 83-86 Beverley, Humberside, England 1992 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1926a PR.SE:MD Phase 1 extensive layer sandy silt pre 8thc ? 750
1732 Peel Castle 87 Peel, IOM, Isle of Man, Isle of Man 1990 early Iron Age
Sample Period
1732a PH.IA
1735 Wraysbury nr Staines, Berkshire, England 1989 Bronze Age-Roman and Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1735a PR.SE (54) feature fills 1 Saxon ? ?

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007