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ABCD: Calluna vulgaris

Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull heather, ling

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Site no Site Location Date Period
77 Freswick Links Freswick, Caithness, Highland, Scotland 1983 late Norse
Sample Period
0077a PR.SE
1038 Fishbourne 61-9 Chichester (Harbour), Sussex (E & W), England 1971 Roman/Flavian period AD50-100
Sample Period
1038a RO.RN.ER
7 Skara Brae 72 Orkney (Mainland), Orkney, Scotland 1976 Neolithic
Sample Period
0007a PH.NE
1083 Liddle 74 S Ronaldsay, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1977 middle-late bronze age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1083a PH.MB:LB 1 trough fill silty clay soil middle Bronze Age ? ?
1144 Crosskirk 66-72 Caithness, Highland, Scotland 1984 Iron Age?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1144b PH:RO:PC:PR.RB Periods 2- com nr ? -200 200
1173 Gurness Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1987 Ist millenium AD-10th cAD Pictish/Viking
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1173a RO:PC:PR.SE GA77.273 ? ? pictish/viking 100 1000
1175 Mollins 80 nr Glasgow, Strathclyde, Scotland 1985 Roman agricolan
Sample Period
1175a RO
1451 Holy Island Village 77 Lindisfarne, Northumberland, England 1985 Saxon-post med-early modern
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1451c PR.? Phase 4 23 pit fill nr early post med ? ?
1527 Magistrates Court Norwich Norwich (Whitefriars St site), Norfolk, England 1988 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1527f PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1527a PR.SE:MD.? 1119, 1122 gully fill nr Period 2 1100 1300
1527i PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1541 Wytch Farm 87-90 Isle of Purbeck, Dorset, England 1991 ?
Sample Period
1541a PH.BA:IA.?
1623 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1623a RO (4) well fill matrix of course san Roman 300 450
1783 Church Close Hartlepool 84-5 Hartlepool, Cleveland, England 1991 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1783b PR.MD.LM A595 oven floor & walls SED medieval 1375 1450
1790 Lissue 47 nr Lisburn, Antrim, N. Ireland 1951 9th to late 10th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1790a PR:PC.SE - ditch fills muds AS? 800 950
1791 Lagore 50 Dunshaughlin, Co. Meath, Meath, Ireland, Eire 1950 mid 7th - late 10th c AD
Sample Period
1791b PR:PC.SE
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1727 Crown Court 85-6 Newcastle Quayside, Tyne and Wear, England 1989 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1727a PR.MD com many ? medieval ? ?
1037 Austin Friars 73-8 Leicester, Leicestershire, England 1985 pre-Boreal
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1037a PH AF389 1983 natural peat peat underlying blue pre-Boreal ? ?
1229 Craigs 85 Dunley Co. Antrim, Antrim, N. Ireland 1988 late medieval
Sample Period
1229a PR.PM
1160 Clickhimin 53 Shetland, Shetland, Scotland 1968 late Bronze Age - Iron Age ?2nd c AD
Sample Period
1160a PH.IA
1166 College Goods Yard High St, Glasgow, Strathclyde, Scotland 1986 late medieval-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1166a PR.MD:PM comb pit fills nr late-post-medieval ? ?
1185 Brough Road 76-82 Birsay, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1989 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1185c PR.SE.ES:MS Area 3 ? nr later Pictish early Viking ? ?
1185a PR.SE.ES:MS com ? nr later Pictish early Viking ? ?
1054 Saddler St 74 Durham City, Durham, England 1979 10th-early 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1054b PR.SE.AS 1576/1575/ pit fill & midden nr Saxo-Norman 593 1178
1338 East Gate Lancaster 73 Lancaster, Mitre Yard, Lancashire, England 1988 roman late 2nd - mid 3rd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1338b RO.RM.MR T12.9 well fill organic round pellet Roman 175 250
1338a RO.RM.MR T12.9 well fill organic Roman 175 250
1344 Valle Crucis 70 nr Llangollen, Clwyd, Wales 1976 medieval
Sample Period
1344b PR.MD
1619 Skeldergate York 73-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1978 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1619a RO.MR.LR (?13) well fill sands & silts pink b late Roman 100 400
1627 Sewer Lane 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1977 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1627b PR.PM.16 Phase IV P pit fill organic post medieval 1500 1550
1769 Hafod y Nant Criafolen 73-4 Brenig Valley Resevoir, Clwyd, Wales 1979 15th or 16th c
Sample Period
1769a PR.MD:PM.LM:16
1725 Penycoed 83 Llangynog, nr Carmarthen, Dyfed, Wales 1985 late Iron Age and RB (medieval)
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1725a PH.IA com ditch fill nr Iron Age ? ?
1725c PH.IA com post hole fills nr Iron Age ? ?
164 Langton Villa nr Malton, North Yorkshire, England 1932 Roman
Sample Period
0164a RO
1017 Watergate St 85 Chester, Cheshire, England 1988 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1017a PR.MD.HM F9 pit fill organic dark brown mid 13th 1225 1275
1084 Stones of Stenness 77 Orkney (Mainland), Orkney, Scotland 1978 neolithic
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1084a PH.NE OR ditch fill organic layer Neolithic ? ?
1084b PH.NE CF feature fill nr Neolithic ? ?
1288 Bunny nr Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England 1968 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1288a RO.MR - well fill ? Roman 100 300
1176 Elgin High St Elgin, Grampian, Scotland 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1176a PR.PM.17:18 pit 18 pit fill nr post-reformation 1600 1800
1176b PR.PM.17:18 pit 17 pit fill nr post-reformation 1600 1800
1178 Saevar Howe 77 Birsay, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1983 Viking overlying Pictish
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1178a PR.SE.AS Phase IIb/ house floors nr norse 9th c 800 900
1062 Doubstead 80 Scremerston, nr Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England 1982 ?Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1062a RO.RB 5 ditch fill silty clay Romano-British 075 200
1065 Oil Mill Lane Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England 1982 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1065a PR.MD.EM F08 & F13 floor layer compressed earth wit late 12th-early 13th 1175 1225
1631 South Shields 84 South Shields, Tyne and Wear, England 1988 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1631a RO.RM 12236 layer clay & clay silt wit Roman 210 275
1129 Murton High Crags nr Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England 1987 prehist - RB & later/1000BC-2nd/3rd cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1129a PH.IA COM feature fills nr pre-Roman Iron Age -1000 0000
1134 St Paul St 77-8 Aberdeen, Farquar & Gill, Grampian, Scotland 1982 Mesolithic/c. 1200/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1134a PR.MD.HM AS223 laye boundary ditch fill organic high medieval 1275 1350
1134b PR.MD.HM comb pit fills nr high medieval 1300 1350
1137 Birrens 62-7 [Blatobulgium], nr Ecclefechan, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland 1975 1st-2nd C AD Roman Flavian/Antonine
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1137c RO.RM well well fill nr Roman 000 200
1137a RO.RM well layer burnt Roman Antonine 000 200
1137b RO.RM well well fill nr Roman 000 200
1279 Dunston's Clump 81 Babworth, nr East Retford, Nottinghamshire, England 1988 late 1stcBC-3rdcAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1279a PH:RO.IA:RB Phase I & pit/post hole fills sandy Iron Age/Romano-British 50 50
1155 Scord of Brouster 77-9 Shetland, Shetland, Scotland 1986 2500bc-c.200-300ad
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1155d ? H1 Phase 2 floor & hearth nr ? ? ?
1155e ? H3 Phase 1 floor nr ? ? ?
1174 Bu Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1987 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1174a PH.IA 279-290 Ph floor layers/middens nr Iron Age -803 -456
1526 Norwich Castle Bailey 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1985 Saxon-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1526a PR.SE.? 1006 well fill (basal) dark brown organic late Saxon 1000 1075
1404 Dalton Parlours 76 Collingham, nr Wetherby, West Yorkshire, England 1990 Iron Age and Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1404c RO.MR M1 & M2 well fill black organic soil Roman 150 250
1404a PH.RO.? K1 & K2 well fill nr Roman 350 400
1404b RO.LR L well fill silt Roman 250 370
1099 Iona 79 Iona, Strathclyde, Scotland 1981 ??Iron age/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1099a PC:PR.SE.ES:MS D1 ditch fill "peat" dark age/early Christian 475 800
1135 Queen St Midden Area 73 Aberdeen, Grampian, Scotland 1982 mesolithis/early 13th/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1135a PR.MD.HM FN57/F7A/5 pit fill organic high medieval 1200 1400
1135b PR.MD.HM Area I L 3 midden/dump area nr high medieval 1200 1400
1224 Brough of Birsay 74-82 Orkney (Mainland), Orkney, Scotland 1986 early Christain-Norse
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1224c PR.SE.AS phase 2.2 features ? norse/early med 900 1200
1224a PR.SE.MS phase 1 features ? early Christian/Norse 650 850
1224b PR.SE.MS phase 2.1 features ? norse 850 900
1445 Whitefriars St 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1983 Saxon and medieval 10th-early 13th
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1445c PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Period III pit fill & layer black silty loam Saxon & medieval 1075 1200
1531 Vindolanda 71-6 Chesterholme, Northumberland, England 1976 Roman cAD 85-125
Sample Period
1531a RO.RM
1542 West Creech Wych Farm Oilfield, Dorset, England 1991 mid-late Iron Age
Sample Period
1542a PH.IA.MI.LI
1543 Ower Peninsular Wytch Farm Oilfield, Dorset, England 1991 Late Iron Age/ Romano-British
Sample Period
1543a PH:RO.IA:RB.LI:ER
1366 Holme Pierrepont nr Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England 1969 -
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1366a PH - caulking canoe caulking pre-historic ? ?
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617e RO.ER Group 5 (7 granary layers burnt material Roman 175 200
1617c RO.ER Group 3 (1 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617a RO.MR Group 1 (7 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617b RO.ER Group 2 (3 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617d RO.ER Group 4 (1 layer - Roman 150 200
1621 Coppergate 74 York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1621b PR.SE:MD Area S wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1621c PR.SE:MD Area B wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
1729 Shop St Drogheda 81 Drogheda, Co. Louth, Louth, Ireland, Eire 1984 early 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1729a PR.MD.EM:HM 21 & 19 occupation layers brown fiberous organ medieval 1200 1300
1569 West Heath 80 Harting, Crowborough/Easting Grinstead, Sussex (E & W), England 1985 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1569a PH.? Barrow VI buried soil & turf stack nr ? -2530 -1220
1126 Stanydale 49 Mainland, Shetland, Shetland, Scotland 1950 ??neolithic/beaker??
Sample Period
1126a PH.NE:BA
1138 Newstead 05-10 nr Melrose, Borders, Scotland 1911 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1138a RO.RM.ER:MR nr pit fills dark black organic Roman 80 210
1243 Dubby Sike 84 Upper Teesdale, Durham, England 1988 Late prehistoric - early Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1243a PH.IA.LI com pit & feature fills nr late Iron Age/Roman -330 80
1159 Mavis Grind 78-9 Shetland, Shetland, Scotland 1983 Late Bronze/Early Iron Age
Sample Period
1159a PH.BA:IA.BI
1447 Pottergate 73 Norwich, 149N, Norfolk, England 1985 14-15th, c.1450
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1447c PR.PM.16:17 523-1058 ( fire deposit/pit fills nr post medieval 1500 1700
1519 Battle Abbey 78-80 Battle, nr Hastings, Sussex (E & W), England 1985 Norman - post dissolution
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1519a PR.MD:PM (7) com nr medieval/post-medieval ? ?
1524 Gallows Hill 78-9 Thetford, Norfolk, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1524a PH.? 8 (1) layer/deposit charred plant materi ?Iron Age or Roman ? ?
1389 Hengistbury Head 70-85 nr Christchurch, Dorset, England 1987 Upper Palaeolithic to late Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1389b PH.IA.LI com - nr late Iron Age ? ?
1389d PH:RO.IA:RN.LI:ER com - nr late Iron Age/Roman & Roman ? ?
1389a PH.IA.EI.MI com - nr early to mid Iron Age ? ?
1389e ND com - nr undated ? ?
1389c PH.IA.LI com - nr late Iron Age ? ?
1620 Lloyds Bank York 72-3 6-8 Pavement, York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1620a PR.SE.AS (43) layers/?occupation floors - Anglo-Scand 900 1100
1639 Bearsden nr Glasgow (Antonine Wall), Central, Scotland 19?? Roman mid 2nd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1639a RO.? column ditch fill silts Roman ? ?
1667 Minnis Bay nr Birchington, Kent, England 1941 late Bronze Age/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1667b ND (2) subsoil layer clay late Bronze Age or mediaval ? ?
1678 Ebor Brewery York, North Yorkshire, England 1976 Anglo-Scandinavian-early med 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1678a PR.SE:MD.AS:EM - ditch fill nr AS/early medieval 900 1300
1125 Kirkwall 78 Orkney, KIM 78 & KIB78, Orkney, Scotland 1982 medieval-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1125a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 KIM78, KIB midden layers/dumps blackish crumbly amo med/post-med 1400 1600
1313 Killeaba 68-9 Ramsey, IOM, Isle of Man, Isle of Man 1978 Neolithic/Early Bronze Age
Sample Period
1313a PH.NE:BA.BE:EB
1169 Warebeth Broch Stromness , Orkney (Mainland), Orkney, Scotland 1990 ?Iron Age
Sample Period
1169a PH.IA
1170 Sheils 73-4 Govan, Glasgow, Strathclyde, Scotland 1983 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1170a PH.IA - ditch fill sily/sand & organic Roman Iron Age ? ?
1544 Ower Farm Isle of Purbeck, Dorset, England 1991 13th c
Sample Period
1544a PR.MD.HM
1357 Moel y Gerddi 80-1 nr Harlech, Gwynedd, Wales 1988 Neolithic-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1357a PH.NE com feature fills nr Neolithic -2800 -2450
1361 Dod Law West Wooler, Northumberland, England 1989 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1361a PH.IA com rampart layers nr Iron Age -300 100
1615 Causeway House ?nr Haltwhistle, Northumberland, England 1990 post medieval 1770
Sample Period
1615a PR.MD
1673 James St Drogheda Drogheda, Louth, Ireland, Eire 1985 13th-16th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1673a PR.MD.HM ? occupation deposits nr medieval 1200 1400
1673b PR.PM.16 - occupation deposits ? post-medieval 1500 1600
1011 West Stow (Saxon) 65-72 nr Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England 1985 Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1011b PR.SE.AS WSSFB63 SFB nr Anglo-Saxon 0 0
1011a RO. WS472 pit fill nr Roman ? ?
1105 Holland 79 nr Kirkwall, Mainland, Orkney, Orkney, Scotland 1981 Bronze Age
Sample Period
1105a PH.BA
1048 Dublin 62-81 Fishamble/Wood Quay etc, Dublin, Ireland, Eire 1987 early medieval ?9th-?13/14?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1048a PR.SE.AS.? COMB various ? early medieval 0 0
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616g RO.LR Period 7 ( well fill - Roman 225 350
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
1616b RO.MR Period 2 ( buildup & ditch fill - Roman 125 175
1616c RO.MR Period 3 ( feature fills, buildups & - Roman 150 200
1616f RO.MR Period 6 ( occupation layers/buildup - Roman 175 250
1926 Eastgate Beverley 83-86 Beverley, Humberside, England 1992 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1926a PR.SE:MD Phase 1 extensive layer sandy silt pre 8thc ? 750

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007