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ABCD: Solanum nigrum

Solanum nigrum L. black nightshade

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Site no Site Location Date Period
1035 Tiddington nr Thame, Oxfordshire, England 1988 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1035b RO.RN.MR 127 well fill clay & pebbles Roman 200 400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1035c RO.RN.LR 131 well fill clay & pebbles Roman 100 300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 4 1
1035a RO.RN.ER 579 well fill clay & pebbles Roman 000 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 26 3
1221 Little Waltham 70-1 nr Chelmsford, Essex, England 1978 Iron Age - medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1221b RO.RN F339 L10 well fill grey sludge/grey sil Roman 200 300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 4 1
1295 Silchester 1900-08 nr Reading, Hampshire, England 1908 Roman c5AD-c450AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1295a RO com well & pit fills nr Roman 5 450
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q + 1
1527 Magistrates Court Norwich Norwich (Whitefriars St site), Norfolk, England 1988 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1527h PR.SE.AS Period 1 pit fills nr Saxo-Norman 1000 1150
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1527e PR.SE.AS Period 1 pit fills nr Saxo-Norman 1000 1150
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1527i PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 8 2
1347 Billingsgate 74 Lower Thames St., City of London, Greater London, England 1980 Roman to post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1347a RO.ER Period II layer grey sand and gravel Roman 000 100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1375 Church St Carmarthen 76 Carmarthen, Dyfed, Wales 1978 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1375a RO.RM.LR well 59 well fill compacted plant rema Roman 275 350
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1623 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1623a RO (4) well fill matrix of course san Roman 300 450
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 2 1
1649 Borough High St (201-211) Southwark, London, Greater London, England 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1649b RO B11-4 ditch fills nr Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 55 3
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 34 3
1727 Crown Court 85-6 Newcastle Quayside, Tyne and Wear, England 1989 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1727a PR.MD com many ? medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1552 Lofts Farm 84-5 Heybridge, Blackwater Estuary, Essex, England 1988 Neolithic - Late Bronze Age - Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1552b PH.BA.LB (22) ? nr late Bronze Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1619 Skeldergate York 73-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1978 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1619a RO.MR.LR (?13) well fill sands & silts pink b late Roman 100 400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 4 1
1627 Sewer Lane 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1977 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1627b PR.PM.16 Phase IV P pit fill organic post medieval 1500 1550
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q! p 1
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, E, London: British Museum. 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638e PH.BA.LB L19 midden nr late Bronze Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1638d PH.BA.LB L14/20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 3 1
1638h PH.BA.LB column WF1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1638b PH.BA.LB L24 channel sediment nr Late Bronze Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1017 Watergate St 85 Chester, Cheshire, England 1988 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1017a PR.MD.HM F9 pit fill organic dark brown mid 13th 1225 1275
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1040 Fisherwick 74-5 nr Tamworth, Staffordshire, England 1979 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1040a PH.IA.LI ij 301j ditch fill organic mud/stony sa Iron Age -200 100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1432 Dry Drayton 79 nr Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England 1980 medieval-post med 15th-17th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1432a PR.PM.16 F31 8 kiln layer wood ash post-medieval 1500 1600
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
not specified (cf. not ) a ! 1 1
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1647 Thetford 73-80 Thetford, Norfolk, England 1984 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1647b PR.SE.AS P15, P129, pit and ditch fills ? late Saxon ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 36 3
1797 Miles Lane City of London, Greater London, England 1991 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1797a PR.SE:MD.AS:EM (12) pit fills ? Saxo-Norman or early medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q p 1
1733 Athenry Castle 89 Athenry, Galway, Galway, Ireland, Eire 1991 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1733a PR.MD 167 pit fill sandy clay loams medieval 1275 1330
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s m 1 1
1007 Tattershall Thorpe 79-80 nr Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England 1986 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1007a PH.IA 12 ditch fill highly organic Iron Age -580 -220
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 4 1
1008 Thorpe Thewles 80-2 nr Stockton-on-Tees, Cleveland, England 1987 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1008a PH.IA.LI COMB feature fills silty sandy clay late Iron Age -300 100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1012 Dundas Wharf 82-3 Bristol, Avon, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1012a PR.MD.EM A buildup layer organic and alluvium medieval 1100 1225
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1284 North Elmham Park 62-72 North Elmham, Norwich/Fakenham, Norfolk, England 1980 middle Saxon/med/post med/9th-12th-
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1284a PR.SE.MS comb well fill olive grey silty cla mid Saxon 800 850
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 10 2
1445 Whitefriars St 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1983 Saxon and medieval 10th-early 13th
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1445b PR.SE.AS Period II accumulation layers organic/humic/silty/ Saxon 975 1100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 5 2
1445c PR.SE:MD.AS:EM Period III pit fill & layer black silty loam Saxon & medieval 1075 1200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1530 Caerwent 02-09 nr Chepstow (Venta Silurum), Gwent, Wales 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1530c RO 1909 ex well fill nr Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w ! p 1
1530a RO.RB 1902-8 ex pit and well fills nr Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w ! p 1
1601 Worcester Barrel 75 Worcester (39-47 Sidbury), Hereford & Worcester, England 1981 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1601a PR.MD.LM 1 & 2 latrine fill organic medieval 1300 1400
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617f RO.ER Group 6 (5 road layers - Roman 175 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 2 1
1617j PR.MD.EM:HM Group 10 ( pit fills - medieval 1100 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
1617c RO.ER Group 3 (1 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
1617a RO.MR Group 1 (7 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 2 1
1617b RO.ER Group 2 (3 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 3 1
1617d RO.ER Group 4 (1 layer - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
1621 Coppergate 74 York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1621b PR.SE:MD Area S wattle layers nr AS-Norman & medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 3 1
1636 Whitton , Glamorgan (W, M & S), Wales 1981 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1636b RO ? well fill nr ?Roman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1636a RO.RN W70 L13a & well fill nr Roman 300 350
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1734 Abbots Worthy nr Winchester, Hampshire, England 1992 middle Saxon
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1734a PR.SE.AS - SFB ? Anglo-Saxon ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1734b PR.SE.AS ? large pits ? Anglo-Saxon ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 2 1
1736 Milk St City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1736a PR.SE Phase 1 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q p 1
1736b PR.SE.AS Phase 2 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q p 1
1736d PR.SE.AS Phase 5-6 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q p 1
1736c PR.SE.AS Phase 4 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? Q p 1
1239 Caernarfon 76-7 Segontium (Roman Caernarvon), Gwynedd, Wales 1986 Roman late 1st-early 2nd AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1239a RO.MR well 2c Si well fill sticky silt Roman 100 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1250 Hungate York 50 York, North Yorkshire, England 1961 Roman/Anglo-Scandinavian/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1250b PR.SE.AS II nr nr late Anglo-Scandinavian ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q + 1
1305 Dominican Priory Oxford 76-83 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1985 ?medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1305a PR.MD.LM 102 & 202 drain & culvert fill dark organic silt prob 15th c 1400 1500
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1428 Little Paxton 62 St Neots, Cambridgeshire, England 1969 late 9/10th-early 11th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1428a PR.SE.AS 1004 Area pit fill detritus-rich mud late saxon 850 1000
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1492 Tanyard Lane 77 Steyning, Sussex (E & W), England 1979 late Saxon-late medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1492b PR.MD.EM 49/66/88 features ? early medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s a 1 1
1492a PR.SE.AS 10 & 44 feature ? Saxon/Saxo-Norman ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s a 1 1
1620 Lloyds Bank York 72-3 6-8 Pavement, York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1620a PR.SE.AS (43) layers/?occupation floors - Anglo-Scand 900 1100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 12 2
1263 Alchester 74 Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1976 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1263a RO.RN.ER 138 ditch fill black gritty silt wi Roman 75 100
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 4 1
1043 Fore St Taunton 79 Taunton, Somerset, England 1990 Roman/post-Medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1043a PR.PM.16 P41/P22/P5 pit fill richly organic post-medieval 1500 1600
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1442 Scole 73 nr Diss, Norfolk, England 1977 Romano-British Flavian-late 3rd cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1442a RO.? com well fill nr Roman 100 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 87 3
1443 St Barnabas Hospital 77 Thetford, Norfolk, England 1984 late Saxon(9/10th) to 19th c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1443a PR.SE.AS comb pit fills sand/low organic Late Saxon 900 1050
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w p 1
1357 Moel y Gerddi 80-1 nr Harlech, Gwynedd, Wales 1988 Neolithic-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1357a PH.NE com feature fills nr Neolithic -2800 -2450
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1794 Upper Thames St City of London, Greater London, England 1980 Roman - medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1794b RO:PR.LR:SE.ES:MS 199, 181, dump layers nr late Roman to 8th c ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 47 3
1041 Shackerley Mound 81 Telford/Wolverhampton, Shropshire, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1041a PR.MD.HM:LM 2nd moat moat fill sandy silts medieval 1289 1500
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1048 Dublin 62-81 Fishamble/Wood Quay etc, Dublin, Ireland, Eire 1987 early medieval ?9th-?13/14?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1048a PR.SE.AS.? COMB various ? early medieval 0 0
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? p 1
1337 Catsgore 79 nr Somerton, Somerset, England 1984 prehistoric-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1337a RO.RB.LR F872 Layer well fill nr Romano-British 250 375
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1372 Taunton Priory 80 Taunton, Somerset, England 1984 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1372a PR.MD.? F68 pit fill ashy & organic/peaty medieval ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s ? !Q 3 1
1419 Poundbury 66-82 Dorchester, Dorset, England 1987 neolithic-post-roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1419b PH.IA com pit and ditch fills & occ nr Iron Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s c 1 1
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616g RO.LR Period 7 ( well fill - Roman 225 350
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 6 1
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 4 1
1616b RO.MR Period 2 ( buildup & ditch fill - Roman 125 175
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 6 1
1616c RO.MR Period 3 ( feature fills, buildups & - Roman 150 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 11 2
1616j PR.MD.EM:HM Period 11 pit fills - early medieval 1100 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
1616f RO.MR Period 6 ( occupation layers/buildup - Roman 175 250
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q 1 1
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, Berkshire, England 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638e PH.BA.LB L19 midden nr late Bronze Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 2 1
1638d PH.BA.LB L14/20 channel sediment nr late Bronze Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 3 1
1638h PH.BA.LB column WF1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1638b PH.BA.LB L24 channel sediment nr Late Bronze Age ? ?
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1653 St Thomas St Southwark, London, Greater London, England 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1653a RO F28 B111 2 pit fill organic Roman 160 200
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 1 1
1926 Eastgate Beverley 83-86 Beverley, Humberside, England 1992 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1926a PR.SE:MD Phase 1 extensive layer sandy silt pre 8thc ? 750
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w Q p 1
1928 Speke Hall 81-2 nr Liverpool, Merseyside, England 1992 med-post-med
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1928a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 moat fill organic silty sand late med/post-med 1475 1550
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 17 2
1705 St Nicholas Church Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England 1985 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1705a PR.MD 16 & 19 street layer organic medieval 1000 1300
Part Preservation Problem code Quantity Abundance
propagule/s, seed/s w 3 1

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007