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ABCD: Sonchus asper

Sonchus asper (L.) Hill prickly sow-thistle

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Site no Site Location Date Period
1035 Tiddington nr Thame, Oxfordshire, England 1988 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1035c RO.RN.LR 131 well fill clay & pebbles Roman 100 300
1035a RO.RN.ER 579 well fill clay & pebbles Roman 000 200
1219 Hertford Civic Hall 67 Hertford, The Wash, Hertfordshire, England 1977 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1219a PR.MD.HM 11 & 13 ditch fill grey silt medieval 1200 1300
1221 Little Waltham 70-1 nr Chelmsford, Essex, England 1978 Iron Age - medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1221b RO.RN F339 L10 well fill grey sludge/grey sil Roman 200 300
1295 Silchester 1900-08 nr Reading, Hampshire, England 1908 Roman c5AD-c450AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1295a RO com well & pit fills nr Roman 5 450
1527 Magistrates Court Norwich Norwich (Whitefriars St site), Norfolk, England 1988 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1527f PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1527i PR.MD.EM:HM Period 2 pit & gully fills nr medieval 1100 1300
1375 Church St Carmarthen 76 Carmarthen, Dyfed, Wales 1978 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1375a RO.RM.LR well 59 well fill compacted plant rema Roman 275 350
1392 Watkins Farm Northmoor, nr Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1990 IronAge - Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1392c RO.RB Site A (5) well, sump & gully fills nr Romano-British ? ?
1392a PH.IA (2) ditch & gully fill nr Iron Age ? ?
1392b PH.IA 498 burial pit nr Iron Age ? ?
1392d RO.RB Site B (4) water hole, pond & ditch nr Roman ? ?
1623 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1623a RO (4) well fill matrix of course san Roman 300 450
1791 Lagore 50 Dunshaughlin, Co. Meath, Meath, Ireland, Eire 1950 mid 7th - late 10th c AD
Sample Period
1791b PR:PC.SE
1920 Coppergate 76-81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1995 Roman-Anglo-Scand-medieval
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1920b PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1920a PR.SE.AS combined data ? Anglo-Scand ???? ????
1675 Althrey Hall nr Wrexham, Clwyd, Wales 1991 16th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1675a PR.PM.16 - daub clay matrix post-medieval 1500 1600
1706 Wasperton 79 Warwick/Stratford-upon-Avon, West Midlands, England 1982 prehist-Romano-British-late Roman-Saxon
Sample Period
1706a ?
1726 Newcastle Town Ditch 86-7 Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England 1989 early 14th to late 18th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1726b PR.PM - ditch fill nr post-medieval ? ?
1595 Friernhay St Exeter 81 Exeter, Devon, England 1984 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1595a RO.RM.ER (4) ditch fills nr Roman 000 200
1291 Finsbury Circus 19-21 London, Greater London, England 1921 Roman/?post Roman/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1291a ND - layer reedy dark earth Roman or post Roman ? ?
1054 Saddler St 74 Durham City, Durham, England 1979 10th-early 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1054a PR.SE.AS 1726/1589/ middens/drain fill nr Saxo-Norman 771 1203
1054b PR.SE.AS 1576/1575/ pit fill & midden nr Saxo-Norman 593 1178
1552 Lofts Farm 84-5 Heybridge, Blackwater Estuary, Essex, England 1988 Neolithic - Late Bronze Age - Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1552c PH.BA.LB 840 well fill nr late Bronze Age ? ?
1619 Skeldergate York 73-5 York, North Yorkshire, England 1978 Roman-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1619a RO.MR.LR (?13) well fill sands & silts pink b late Roman 100 400
1624 The Bedern York 76-80 York, North Yorkshire, England 1986 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1624a PR.SE.MS (3) pit/depression fills dark silty clays Anglian 580 900
1627 Sewer Lane 74 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1977 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1627c PR.PM.16:17 Phase V P4 pit fill/watercourse organic post medieval 1575 1650
1627a PR.MD.LM Phase II P pit fill organic medieval 1400 1500
1627b PR.PM.16 Phase IV P pit fill organic post medieval 1500 1550
1629 Farmoor 74-6 Farmoor, Upper Thames, Oxfordshire, England 1979 Iron Age-Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1629f RO 1072 "peat" layer - Roman ? ?
1629d RO 1060/2, 43 well fill - Roman ? ?
1629c RO 17/4 & 116 pit fill & water hole - Roman ? ?
1629e RO 1074/4 ditch fill - Roman ? ?
1629a PH:RO.IA.RB.? (5) sump, gully & ditch fills - Iron Age ? ?
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, E, London: British Museum. 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638g PH.BA.LB column SS1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
1638h PH.BA.LB column WF1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
1009 Graveney Boat 70 Graveney, Kent, England 1978 10th C
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1009a PR.SE.AS R4-Gr92 wreck fill alluvial clay 10th C 900 1000
1084 Stones of Stenness 77 Orkney (Mainland), Orkney, Scotland 1978 neolithic
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1084a PH.NE OR ditch fill organic layer Neolithic ? ?
1247 Pevensey 07-8 nr Eastbourne, Sussex (E & W), England 1908 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1247a RO.RM.LR com well fill nr Roman 200 400
1300 Coulters Garage 78 Alcester, Warwickshire, England 1989 prehist/Iron age/Roman 2nd-4th cAD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1300b PH.IA Hole 1 250 layer organic ?Iron age ? ?
1040 Fisherwick 74-5 nr Tamworth, Staffordshire, England 1979 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1040a PH.IA.LI ij 301j ditch fill organic mud/stony sa Iron Age -200 100
1042 Birmingham Moat 73-5 Birmingham, West Midlands, England 1980 medieval-post-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1042a PR.PM.16:17 ML3 Base 3 moat fill fine sandy silt loam med/post-medieval 1450 1700
1432 Dry Drayton 79 nr Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England 1980 medieval-post med 15th-17th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1432a PR.PM.16 F31 8 kiln layer wood ash post-medieval 1500 1600
1797 Miles Lane City of London, Greater London, England 1991 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1797a PR.SE:MD.AS:EM (12) pit fills ? Saxo-Norman or early medieval ? ?
1925 Lurk Lane 79-82 Beverley, Humberside, England 1991 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1925e PR.MD.LM Phase 8 garderobe fill dark brown/black"pe c1400-1500 1400 1500
1925b PR.SE.AS Phase 4 ditch fills highly organic 9th c 800 900
1134 St Paul St 77-8 Aberdeen, Farquar & Gill, Grampian, Scotland 1982 Mesolithic/c. 1200/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1134a PR.MD.HM AS223 laye boundary ditch fill organic high medieval 1275 1350
1134b PR.MD.HM comb pit fills nr high medieval 1300 1350
1462 Prestatyn 84-5 Prestatyn, Clwyd, Wales 1989 Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1462a RO.RB.ER 2316 & 232 well fill dark grey fine silt Roman 120 190
1526 Norwich Castle Bailey 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1985 Saxon-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1526a PR.SE.? 1006 well fill (basal) dark brown organic late Saxon 1000 1075
1368 Hulton Abbey 72-83 Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England 1985 medieval 13th-16th
Sample Period
1368a PR.MD:PM
1370 Cirencester Chester Mews 64 Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England 1982 Roman 1st Century
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1370a RO.ER BC1 47 layer (o.g.s) nr Roman 45 50
1393 Queen St Newcastle Newcastle upon Tyne (Quayside), Tyne and Wear, England 1988 12th-19th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1393b PR.MD.HM Phase 4 accumulation organic medieval 1250 1300
1393c PR.MD:PM.HM:LM:16:17 Phase 5 accumulation organic medieval 1350 1650
1394 Faccenda Farm 83 nr Alchester, Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Roman late 1st-early 3rd
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1394a RO.RN.ER (3) ditch & pit fills dark brown organic l Roman 075 150
1404 Dalton Parlours 76 Collingham, nr Wetherby, West Yorkshire, England 1990 Iron Age and Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1404c RO.MR M1 & M2 well fill black organic soil Roman 150 250
1404b RO.LR L well fill silt Roman 250 370
1004 Highgate 77 Beverley, Humberside, England 1980 Early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1004a PR.SE.AS.? F dumped layer dark greyish brown c early medieval 0 0
1007 Tattershall Thorpe 79-80 nr Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England 1986 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1007a PH.IA 12 ditch fill highly organic Iron Age -580 -220
1012 Dundas Wharf 82-3 Bristol, Avon, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1012a PR.MD.EM A buildup layer organic and alluvium medieval 1100 1225
1012b PR.MD.EM B buildup layer organic and alluvium medieval 1100 1250
1099 Iona 79 Iona, Strathclyde, Scotland 1981 ??Iron age/medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1099a PC:PR.SE.ES:MS D1 ditch fill "peat" dark age/early Christian 475 800
1135 Queen St Midden Area 73 Aberdeen, Grampian, Scotland 1982 mesolithis/early 13th/post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1135a PR.MD.HM FN57/F7A/5 pit fill organic high medieval 1200 1400
1278 Appleford 73-4 nr Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England 1980 Bronze Age/Iron Age/Romano-British
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1278a RO.RN:RB F 32, 200, well fill dark grey organic lo Roman 200 400
1445 Whitefriars St 79 Norwich, Norfolk, England 1983 Saxon and medieval 10th-early 13th
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1445b PR.SE.AS Period II accumulation layers organic/humic/silty/ Saxon 975 1100
1449 Upper Bugle St 76-7 Southampton, Hampshire, England 1986 med-post med
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1449a PR.MD:PM.? 525/572-3/ ditch fill nr medieval-post-medieval ? ?
1530 Caerwent 02-09 nr Chepstow (Venta Silurum), Gwent, Wales 1978 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1530a RO.RB 1902-8 ex pit and well fills nr Roman ? ?
1530b RO 1909 ex well fill wl Roman ? ?
1530d RO 1909 ex pot fill in pit fill nr Roman ? ?
1371 Rudston Villa nr Bridlington, Humberside, England 1980 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1371a RO (10) well fill ? Roman ? ?
1374 Oakbank Crannog Loch Tay, Tayside, Scotland 1988 Bronze Age/Iron Age transition
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1374a PH.BA:IA.BI com occupation layers organic Bronze Age/Iron Age transition -705 -200
1601 Worcester Barrel 75 Worcester (39-47 Sidbury), Hereford & Worcester, England 1981 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1601a PR.MD.LM 1 & 2 latrine fill organic medieval 1300 1400
1617 Rougier St York 81 York, North Yorkshire, England 1990 Roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1617f RO.ER Group 6 (5 road layers - Roman 175 200
1617j PR.MD.EM:HM Group 10 ( pit fills - medieval 1100 1300
1617a RO.MR Group 1 (7 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1617b RO.ER Group 2 (3 ditch fill - Roman 150 200
1636 Whitton , Glamorgan (W, M & S), Wales 1981 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1636b RO ? well fill nr ?Roman ? ?
1636a RO.RN W70 L13a & well fill nr Roman 300 350
1938 High St & Blackfriargate 73-7 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1987 late 13th-mid 14th
Sample Period
1938a PR.MD.HM
1736 Milk St City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1736b PR.SE.AS Phase 2 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1736c PR.SE.AS Phase 4 pit fills ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1594 Henley Rd Ipswich 14-16 Ipswich, Suffolk, England 1917 Mousterian ????
Sample Period
1594a PH.?
1305 Dominican Priory Oxford 76-83 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1985 ?medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1305a PR.MD.LM 102 & 202 drain & culvert fill dark organic silt prob 15th c 1400 1500
1307 St Aldates (65) Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1984 late Saxon - 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1307a PR.SE:MD.AS:EM L318/7 sediment silt 11thc 1000 1100
1428 Little Paxton 62 St Neots, Cambridgeshire, England 1969 late 9/10th-early 11th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1428a PR.SE.AS 1004 Area pit fill detritus-rich mud late saxon 850 1000
1460 River Exe 84 St Thomas, Exeter, Devon, England 1988 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1460a PR.SE - natural accumulation blue silty clay with early medieval 900 1300
1519 Battle Abbey 78-80 Battle, nr Hastings, Sussex (E & W), England 1985 Norman - post dissolution
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1519a PR.MD:PM (7) com nr medieval/post-medieval ? ?
1620 Lloyds Bank York 72-3 6-8 Pavement, York, North Yorkshire, England 1983 ?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1620a PR.SE.AS (43) layers/?occupation floors - Anglo-Scand 900 1100
1639 Bearsden nr Glasgow (Antonine Wall), Central, Scotland 19?? Roman mid 2nd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1639a RO.? column ditch fill silts Roman ? ?
1739 Peninsular House City of London, Greater London, England 1991 early mediaval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1739a PR.SE Phases 1-4 hearths/occupation layers ? Saxon-Norman ? ?
1002 Cowick 76 nr Snaith, Humberside, England 1989 late medieval, post 1321
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1002a PR.MD.LM 51 moat fill organic late-medieval 1323 1500
1013 Little Waltham r/c 71 nr Chelmsford, Essex, England 1978 early Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1013a PH.BA.EB 1 channel fill detritus mud/alluviu early Bronze Age ? ?
1125 Kirkwall 78 Orkney, KIM 78 & KIB78, Orkney, Scotland 1982 medieval-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1125a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 KIM78, KIB midden layers/dumps blackish crumbly amo med/post-med 1400 1600
1263 Alchester 74 Bicester, Oxfordshire, England 1976 Roman
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1263b RO.RN.LR 105 ditch fill fine grey silt late Roman 100 400
1170 Sheils 73-4 Govan, Glasgow, Strathclyde, Scotland 1983 Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1170a PH.IA - ditch fill sily/sand & organic Roman Iron Age ? ?
1043 Fore St Taunton 79 Taunton, Somerset, England 1990 Roman/post-Medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1043a PR.PM.16 P41/P22/P5 pit fill richly organic post-medieval 1500 1600
1353 Ashill 61 Swaffham/Watton (Site 8712), Norfolk, England 1977 Romano-British mid Ist-mid 2nd c AD
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1353a RO.RB.ER 5, 6, 7 ditch fill grey silt and peat Romano-British 50 150
1399 Chapel Lane Staith 78 Kingston-upon-Hull, Humberside, England 1979 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1399a PR.MD.HM (5) layer/rubbish nr medieval 1300 1400
1306 St Aldates (33) Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 1984 Late Saxon 10th - 13th c
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1306a PR.SE.AS L11 layer humic silt ?mid-late Saxon 900 100
1041 Shackerley Mound 81 Telford/Wolverhampton, Shropshire, England 1987 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1041a PR.MD.HM:LM 2nd moat moat fill sandy silts medieval 1289 1500
1041b PR.MD.HM 1st moat moat fill sandy silt medieval 1246 1275
1048 Dublin 62-81 Fishamble/Wood Quay etc, Dublin, Ireland, Eire 1987 early medieval ?9th-?13/14?
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1048a PR.SE.AS.? COMB various ? early medieval 0 0
1331 Wilsford Shaft 60-2 nr Amesbury, Wiltshire, England 1989 later Bronze Age-Iron Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1331a PH.BA.LB 1962 well fill chalk rubble with or later Bronze Age -1515 -1400
1337 Catsgore 79 nr Somerton, Somerset, England 1984 prehistoric-post medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1337a RO.RB.LR F872 Layer well fill nr Romano-British 250 375
1372 Taunton Priory 80 Taunton, Somerset, England 1984 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1372c PR.MD F69 ditch fill dark grey soil with medieval ? ?
1372a PR.MD.? F68 pit fill ashy & organic/peaty medieval ? ?
1616 General Accident York 83-4 York, 24-30 Tanner Row, North Yorkshire, England 1990 roman-AS-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1616g RO.LR Period 7 ( well fill - Roman 225 350
1616d RO.MR Period 4 ( organic accumulation/buil - Roman 150 200
1616e RO.MR Period 5 ( organic accumulation organic Roman 175 200
1616b RO.MR Period 2 ( buildup & ditch fill - Roman 125 175
1616c RO.MR Period 3 ( feature fills, buildups & - Roman 150 200
1616j PR.MD.EM:HM Period 11 pit fills - early medieval 1100 1300
1616f RO.MR Period 6 ( occupation layers/buildup - Roman 175 250
1638 Runnymede 78 nr Egham, Berkshire, England 1992 Mesolithic-Neolithic-late Bronze Age
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1638g PH.BA.LB column SS1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
1638h PH.BA.LB column WF1 channel deposits nr ??late Bronze Age? ? ?
1926 Eastgate Beverley 83-86 Beverley, Humberside, England 1992 Anglian-medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1926a PR.SE:MD Phase 1 extensive layer sandy silt pre 8thc ? 750
1928 Speke Hall 81-2 nr Liverpool, Merseyside, England 1992 med-post-med
Sample Period Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1928a PR.MD:PM.LM:16 moat fill organic silty sand late med/post-med 1475 1550
1700 Waltham Abbey 79 Waltham Abbey (46 Sun St), Essex, England 1987 late 16th c/post 1540
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1700a PR.PM.16 - pit fill vegetation layer post-medieval 1540 1600
1705 St Nicholas Church Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England 1985 medieval
Sample Period Context Type Sediment Period Earliest date Latest date
1705a PR.MD 16 & 19 street layer organic medieval 1000 1300

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Last updated: Mon Jun 11 2007