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Cultural Landscapes and Neolithisation Processes: Outline of a model for the Scheldt basin (Belgium)

Erick N. Robinson

Research School of Archaeology and Archaeological Science, University of Sheffield, Westcourt, 2 Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 4DT. e.n.robinson@sheffield.ac.uk

Cite this as: E.N. Robinson 2007 'Cultural Landscapes and Neolithisation Processes: Outline of a model for the Scheldt basin (Belgium)', Internet Archaeology 22. http://dx.doi.org/10.11141/ia.22.4

Summary

Recent research has indicated the continuation of a hunting-fishing-gathering way of life in the lower Scheldt basin (Belgium) for over a millennium after the first arrival of agriculture in the middle Scheldt. Current evidence suggests multiple hiatuses in cultural change from the late 6th-late 5th millennium BC. This article provides the outline of a model that seeks to explain these hiatuses from the perspective of indigenous hunter-fisher-gatherer cultural landscapes. The outline investigates the significance of palaeoecological and social contexts in relation to contact and cultural transmission processes during the transition to agriculture. Recent ethnoarchaeological research from hunter-fisher-gatherers in temperate and boreal environments is referenced as a structural analogy for illuminating the important relationship between territoriality and social mediation within hunter-gatherer groups at the Mesolithic-Neolithic interface.

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Last updated: Tues Oct 2 2007