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Finland

Across the Baltic in Finland, soil conditions are not advantageous for the preservation of bone, and consequently published data relating to combs is scarce. Combs dating back to the Roman Iron Age have been published (Carpelan 1961), while a little is also known from early medieval cremation cemeteries, as the burning process has preserved small fragments of comb that would otherwise have been destroyed by chemical action. As may be expected, combs from such contexts tend to be of Type 1a (e.g. Kivikoski 1973, 10, 25, 38, 57-8). Combs from the inhumation cemeteries of the Later Migration and Merovingian period are less frequently preserved, and more difficult to identify (see Kivikoski 1973, 85; Purhonen 1996, 100-1; see also Kivikoski 1963), but from Viking-Age and medieval contexts one may identify clear examples of Types 5, 6 and 13 (e.g. Kivikoski 1973, 123-4; Kivikoski 1980, 35-7; Majantie 2007, 46-7).

 

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