The Coins

Edward Besly

Phase Object SF No. Context No. Notes
Period 2 50043No coins
50010 3777 3925 Claudius, as, irreg., AD50s
3985 6573 Claudius, dupondius, irreg.
50017No coins
50034 3110 4589 Iron Age SW Series, Cu alloy
50033 4077 6637 Iron Age SW Series, base silver
Period 3 50018 1476 1900 Valens, 364-78
3713 3646 Domitian, as, COS XIII?, worn
2740 3989 Vespasian, dupondius, worn
50019 2926 3678 Vespasian, as, somewhat worn
Period 4 50046 945 1582 Fel temp reparatio copy 350s
983 1656 House of Valentinian, 364-378
1231 1934 Valens, 364-78
2963 3049 Claudius I, irreg,, early, a bit worn
2990 3396 Domitian, as, worn
4046 4454 Domitian, as, COS XIII (AD 87),a bit worn
Period 3 50037 2846 3532 Valens, 364-78
2615 3597 Vespasian, as, after AD77, worn
3129 4758 Domitian, as, slightly worn
House 1: Coin List

The relatively small number of coins from House 1 is typical, both in that coins of the 1st-2nd centuries are mostly large and would have been hard to lose and in that large numbers of coins might not be expected from a space that was, presumably, regularly cleaned.

The late George C. Boon reviewed finds of Iron Age coins from Silchester (Boon 2000). Of 66 coins then recorded, three (4.5%) were of south-western (‘Durotrigan’) type; to 2005, six Iron Age coins have been found in Insula IX, three of them (50%) south-western. Two of these coins come from the Period 2 contexts considered here and unless these are regarded as residual, the possibility must be entertained that they were lost from circulation as minor coins in the late 1st/early 2nd century – perhaps standing in as semisses or quadrantes, denominations that are generally very scarce on British sites. Hoards containing significant numbers of south-western Iron Age coins in association with Roman copper-alloy and/or silver coins are well attested in the area: Timsbury, 1907 (IRBCH 92; to Domitian, c. 86); ‘South Hants’ (Holdenhurst?), 1905 (IRBCH 134; to Hadrian); and the finds from Hengistbury (IRBCH 177; to Antoninus Pius). Timsbury (18 IA coins and 43 Roman aes) and the rather larger ‘Southants’ hoard both included Claudian copies, as well. Though the production of Claudian copies was essentially a phenomenon of the 50s, there is no reason why the better ones should not have continued in use: at 26mm diameter, the dupondius (find 3985) is comparable in size to Vespasian's examples (around 27mm); the as (find 3777) at 23mm is distinctly smaller than those of Vespasian and especially of Domitian (29mm) – but would this have mattered to their users? The coin finds from this period may therefore tend to confirm what hoard evidence (often cited as atypical of everyday circulation) seems to have indicated in this region for some time.

The three coins from Period 3 are all Flavian aes, in appropriately worn states; the number is again small, so the absence of any 2nd-century coins need not surprise.

* IRBCH : Robertson 2000.


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Last updated: Wed Sept 12 2007