4.4.15 Chronology and contemporaneous landscapes

In examining the aerial photographic evidence and surface remains we are effectively looking at the final phase of the late Seljuk city. There are three chronological components to this phase of the urban landscape:

However, overall, it still seems reasonable to suppose that the majority of the buildings, streets and open spaces in the aerial images provide a snapshot of the late 12th/early 13th century urban landscape.

Figure 26

Figure 26: The area of citadel, Shahriyar Ark, on the IKONOS satellite image (north to top). Note the clear lines of earlier city streets, both a major east-west street but also north-south streets, which are blocked by the construction of the citadel wall c. AD 1080.

Not withstanding this, it may also be possible to hypothesise on the chronological development of the city, based upon elements of the plan visible in the imagery. Major changes in street alignments (e.g. significant changes in a group of streets), or the changing character of the built space across the town (e.g. the density or type of housing), might reflect the development of the urban landscape over time. In places, it is also possible to see a palimpsest of layouts when new features have been imposed upon the existing layout (e.g. the construction of the late 11th-century citadel Shahriyar Ark over the top of an earlier street system – see Fig. 26).


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