Raw Materials, Production and Distribution of Xuejiagang Stone Tools

Zhuang Lina

Department of Archaeology, National Museum of China, Beijing

Cite this as: Zhuang, L. 2009 Raw Materials, Production and Distribution of Xuejiagang Stone Tools, Internet Archaeology 26. https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.26.33


The Xuejiagang culture is associated with the latter part of the Neolithic period in southern China. Since the 1970s, we have found many cemeteries associated with this culture, in which stone implements make up an important and significant part of the funerary objects. The perforated stone knife, the yue axe and the adze were especially important. Analysis of the frequency and relationships between raw material, technology and tool types provides a basis for distinguishing between the different production sites associated with the Xuejiagang stone industry. This article discusses the relationship between rock types and stone tools, and between stone artefacts from different production sites. Thin-section analysis was used to identify and characterise stone used for implement manufacture.

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Last updated: Tues Sept 22 2009