Table 3: Catalogue of the Southern Phoenician Hacksilber Hoards.
Dates BCContentsContext and associated materialsWeights of metalsPrimary publicationsDisposition
10th-8th centuriesHacksilber and ingots, no jewellery. Most pieces were chocolate bar ingots; other shapes included dumps and sheet fragments. Area A, contained in one of two identical juglets found 'either on a lower floor or in a fill – set in and covered over' (M. Artzy, unpublished Akko field diary entry 7 August 1978). The juglets are the same type that contained the silver at Ein Hofez, also with deliberately cut necks. (Figure 7) 257.6g silver. It is no longer possible to determine whether the hoard contained any textile remnants. Dothan 1992, 52 University of Haifa
11th-10th centuries One large ceramic 'jar' filled with 17 linen-wrapped bundles of hacksilber and silver ingots (relatively lacking in jewellery). Area D2 contained a clay 'jug' inserted into a pit under a floor in the southern harbour complex. 'Close to the foundations' and 'between two large buildings'. Clay bullae were found inside the container alongside the bundles. About 8.5kg. Stern 1998, 46-51; 2001, 19-26 Israel Museum
Ein Hofez
10th-9th centuries – no later than the 9th century. Primarily hacksilber, silver ingots. Among the several items of silver jewellery were lunate earrings, 'ladle'-shaped earrings and earrings with the drop-shape attachment, as well as their fragments. Contained in three Iron IIA-B dipper juglets found in the back room of a four-room house. The juglets were leaning against a wall in between the upper and lower beaten-earth and flagstone floors. The necks of the juglets had been carefully severed to accommodate the silver, and appear to have been hidden intentionally. Over 1200g Alexandre 2013 Israel Antiquities Authority
Tell Keisan
Second half of the 11th century Silver and silver mistakenly reported as bronze (Figure 9); includes lunate earrings and pieces of 'bracelets', sheet silver and a bezel/token. Loc. 635, level 9a between silo 6115 and the room of jars (Loc. 610). Contained in a bichrome flask in a brick wall, either in a hiding place or a niche. Contained four linen-wrapped bundles sealed with unbaked clay bullae and fragments of objects from other disintegrated bundles. The total weight of the hoard was 354g. The weights of the bundles were 24.5g, 100g, 32g and 25g. Loose objects from disintegrated bundles weighed 172.5g. Nodet 1980, 325, pl. 132 Israel Antiquities Authority


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