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Table 69: Records of plant taxa and other materials likely to have been useful in one or more ways to the inhabitants of medieval Aberdeen. The numbers are total abundance scores for all the separately recorded parts recovered for each site, regardless of phase. Scores for separately recorded charred and uncharred material have also been aggregated (except for Calluna). The list excludes parts of trees which may represent structural timber or brushwood for construction or fuel, for example, as well as wood charcoal. Some records of tentatively identified material have also been omitted.
No. of contexts examined No. of subsamples examined
1980-81 14 11
1994 14 20
Taxon and parts recorded 1980-81 1994
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken: vegetative parts) 3 -
Corylus avellana (hazelnut: nutshell) 1 4
Ficus carica (fig: seeds) 3 1
Brassica rapa ('turnip': seeds) - 2
Reseda luteola (weld: seeds) - 2
Rubus idaeus (raspberry: seeds) - 1
R. fruticosus agg. (blackberry: seeds) - 2
Fragaria cf. vesca (strawberry: achenes) - 1
Malus sylvestris (apple: endocarp ('core')) - 2
Sorbus aucuparia (rowan: seeds) - 2
Linum usitatissimum (linseed: seed fragments) - 3
Vitis vinifera (grape: seeds) 1 -
Empetrum sp(p). (crowberry: seeds) - 1
Cerealia indet. (chaff) 2 -
Triticum/Secale (wheat/rye: 'bran' fragments/uncharred caryopses- 2
Avena sp(p). (oats: charred grains or spikelets/spikelet fragments) 1 1
Peatland resources/indicators:
*E. tetralix (leaves) - 1
Calluna vulgaris (heather: all parts combined) 1 1
  (charred shoot fragments) 1 -
  (shoot tips) - 1
cf. C. vulgaris (?heather: all parts combined) 3 4
  (charred root/basal twig fragments) 3 3
Peat
peat fragments 5 1
?peat fragments 2 3
peat fragments (charred) 5 3
?peat fragments (charred) 2 -

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