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Table 70: Lists of plant remains and other components of the samples by context and sample. For each record, the number in the third column gives the score for abundance on a four-point semi-quantitative scale (for /T subsamples) or a three-point scale (in the case of /SPT and /BS subsamples). The fourth column provides some additional information about the material, often relating to size of the largest fragments or clasts. The nature of preservation was usually anoxic waterlogging except where explicitly stated otherwise—except for cereal grains, where the material was charred unless otherwise indicated. See key to abbreviations
1980-81 excavation
Context 252, Sample 252/SPT (0.775 kg) charcoal 1 max 5 mm
gravel 2 max 25 mm
peat fgts (ch) 1 max 10 mm
sand 3
Context 269, Sample 269/T (2.05) charcoal 1 max 5 mm
gravel 1 max 45 mm
insect cuticle 1 v dec
sand 2
Context 272, Sample 272/SPT (0.3 kg) ?burnt soil 2 max 5 mm
gravel 1 max 10 mm
sand 2
Context 274, Sample 274/T (0.3 kg) cf. Calluna vulgaris (ch rt-tw fgts) 2 max 15 mm
gravel 1 max 10 mm
sand 1
unwashed sediment 1 max 5 mm
Context 276, Sample 276/T (2.418 kg) Avena sp(p). 1
Calluna vulgaris (ch sht fgts) 1 leafless
cf. Calluna vulgaris (ch rt-tw fgts) 1 max 10 mm
Cenococcum (ch sclerotia) 1
Cerealia indet. (awns) 1
Polygonum persicaria (ch) 1
Potamogeton sp(p). (ch) 1
Pteridium aquilinum (ch pinn fgts) 1
Spergula arvensis (ch) 1
bark fgts (ch) 1 max 5 mm
charcoal 1 max 15 mm
charred organic material 1 max 2 mm
concreted sediment 1
glassy ash 1
gravel 2 max 30 mm
grit 2
peat fgts (ch) 2 max 10 mm
root casts 1 max 20 mm
sand 2
Context 279, Sample 279/T (1.226 kg) Corylus avellana (ch) 1 max 5 mm
cf. Avena sp(p). 1 a single fragment
charcoal 1 max 5 mm
gravel 1 max 10 mm
peat fgts 1 max 5 mm
peat fgts (ch) 1 max 3 mm
sand 2
Context 314, Sample 314/T (1.1 kg) Ficus carica 1
bone fgts 1 max 10 mm
charcoal 1 max 2 mm
?faecal concretions 3 max 25 mm
fish bone 1 max 10 mm
gravel 1 max 40 mm
grit 2
sand 3
Context 315, Sample 315/T (1.68 kg) cf. Cerealia indet. 1 single spec
charcoal 1 max 10 mm
gravel 1 max 20 mm
grit 2
peat fgts 1 max 5 mm
sand 2
Context 322, Sample 322/T (1.1 kg) ?burnt soil 1
gravel 2 max 25 mm
grit 3
peat fgts (ch) 1 max 3 mm
sand 3
Context 323, Sample 323/T (1.15 kg) ?peat fgts (ch) 1 max 5 mm
charcoal 1 max 10 mm
fish bone 1 max 3 mm
gravel 3 max 25 mm
grit 3
sand 3
Context 324, Sample 324/T (0.43 kg) charcoal 1 max 3 mm
gravel 1 max 25 mm
grit 2
sand 2
Context 336, Sample 336/SPT (0.5 kg) Ficus carica 2 v dec
bone fgts 1 max 2 mm
charcoal 1 max 2 mm
concretions 1 max 5 mm
gravel 1 max 15 mm
insect cuticle 1 v dec
sand 2
Context 345, Sample 345/SPT (0.2 kg) gravel 1 max 15 mm
peat fgts 3 max 15 mm
sand 1
Context 10041, Sample 10041/T (1.48 kg) Cerealia indet. (awns) 1
Quercus sp(p). (wood) 1 max 30 mm
charcoal 1 max 5 mm
gravel 1 max 15 mm
grit 2
?peat fgts 2 max 10 mm
?peat fgts (ch) 1 max 5 mm
sand 2
wood fgts 1 v dec max 5
1994 excavation
Context 61, Sample 41/T (1.154 kg) cf. Calluna vulgaris (ch rt-tw fgts) 1 max 5 mm
Cenococcum (sclerotia) 1
charcoal 1 max 15 mm
gravel 1 max 20 mm
grit 1
insect cuticle 1
peat fgts 2 max 5 mm
sand 2
Context 61, Sample 44/T (0.772 kg) Cenococcum (sclerotia) 2
charcoal 1 max 10 mm
earthworm egg caps 1
gravel 1 max 15 mm
insect cuticle 1
peat fgts 2 max 5 mm
?peat fgts (ch) 1 max 5 mm
sand 1
Context 342, Sample 33/T (1.208 kg) Avena sp(p). 1
cf. Calluna vulgaris (ch rt-tw fgts) 1 max 10 mm
Carex sp(p). (ch) 1
Cenococcum (ch sclerotia) 2
Corylus avellana (ch) 1
bone fgts 1 max 3 mm
burnt bone fgts 1 max 5 mm
burnt fish bone 1 max 3 mm
charcoal 1 max 10 mm
cinders 1 max 15 mm
coal 3 max 25 mm
gravel 1 max 25 mm
part-burnt coal 1 max 10 mm
peat fgts (ch) 2 max 10 mm
?peat fgts 2 max 2 mm
root/rhizome fgts (ch) 1 max 3 mm
sand 2
unwashed sediment 2 max 5 mm
wood fgts 1 max 5 mm
Context 393, Sample 30/T (1.84 kg) ?peat fgts (ch) 1 max 5 mm
Agrostemma githago (sf) 2
Atriplex sp(p). 2
Bilderdykia convolvulus (ff) 1
Brassica rapa 1
cf. Calluna vulgaris (ch rt-tw fgts) 1 max 20 mm
Cenococcum (sclerotia) 1
Centaurea sp(p). (af) 1
Chenopodium album
Dicranum sp(p). 1
Drepanocladus sp(p). 1
Eleocharis palustris sl 1
Empetrum sp(p). 1
Erica tetralix (lvs) 1
Galeopsis Subgenus Galeopsis 2 inc fgts
Gramineae 1
Hypnum cf. cupressiforme 1
Lapsana communis 2
Leontodon sp(p). 1
Linum usitatissimum (sf) 1
Malus sylvestris (endo) 1
Polygonum aviculare agg. 1
Polygonum lapathifolium 1
Polygonum persicaria 1
Ranunculus Section Ranunculus 1
Raphanus raphanistrum (psf) 1
Reseda luteola 1
Rhinanthus sp(p). 1
Rhytidiadelphus sp(p). 1
Rubus fruticosus agg. 1
Rumex acetosella agg. 2
Rumex sp(p). 1 nutlets and perianth segs both present
Silene vulgaris/alba 1 fgts only
Sorbus aucuparia 2
Spergula arvensis 2
Sphagnum sp(p). (caps/lids) 1
Sphagnum sp(p). (lvs) 2
Stellaria media 2
Triticum/Secale ('bran' fgts) 2 mstly <1 mm
Urtica dioica 1
Urtica urens 2
bark fgts 1 max 20 mm
beetles 1
charcoal 1 max 10 mm
concreted sediment 2 max 10 mm
eggshell membrane fgts 1 max 10 mm
fish bone 2 max 10 mm
fly puparia 1
gravel 1 max 15 mm
grit 2
mollusc opercula 1
rat-tailed maggot (resp proc) 1
sand 2
unwashed peaty sediment 1 max 5 mm
Context 549, Sample 47/T (1.31 kg) cf. Calluna vulgaris (sht fgts) 1 leafless
animal hairs 1
beetles 1
epidermis fgts 2
fly puparia 1
Context 549, Sample 50/T (1.952 kg) Brassica sp./Sinapis arvensis 1 fgts only
Coniferae (charcoal) 1 max 5 mm
Corylus avellana 1
Ficus carica 1
Fragaria cf. vesca 1
Galeopsis Subgenus Galeopsis 1 fragments only
Hylocomium splendens 1
Lapsana communis 1 v dec
Malus sylvestris (endo) 1
Polygonum persicaria 1
Raphanus raphanistrum (psf) 1 a single fgt
Rhytidiadelphus sp(p). 1
Rubus fruticosus agg. 1
Rubus idaeus 1
Sphagnum papillosum 1
Stellaria media 1 v dec
Taraxacum sp(p). 1
animal hairs 1
beetles 2
'char' 1 max 15 mm
coal 1 max 5 mm
earthworm egg caps 1
eggshell membrane fgts 1 max 10 mm
epidermis fgts 3
fly puparia 2
mollusc opercula 1
moss 1
sand 1
twig fgts 2 max 5 mm
Context 645, Sample 24/T (1.274 kg) Avena sp(p). 1
Cenococcum (sclerotia) 2
charcoal 1 max 25 mm
gravel 1 max 35 mm
insect cuticle 1
peat fgts 1 max 10 mm
?peat fgts 1 max 2 mm
sand 2
unwashed peaty sediment 3 max 10 mm
Context 863, Sample 13/BS (10 kg) Corylus avellana (ch) 1
bark fgts 1 max 10 mm
bird bone 1 max 70 mm
burnt bone fgts 1 max 15 mm
faecal concretions 2 max 25 mm
fish bone 3 max 50 mm
gravel 3 max 65 mm
green-glazed pottery 1 max 10 mm
grit 3
mammal bone 1 max 45 mm
mammal tooth 1
mussel shell fgts 1 max 10 mm
peat fgts 2 max 30 mm
sand 3
twig fgts 1 max 10 x 5
wood fgts (min) 1 max 10 mm
Context 863, Sample 13/T (5 kg) Agrostemma githago (sf) 2
Atriplex sp(p). 1
Aulacomnium palustre 1
Brassica rapa 1 inc fgts
Brassica sp(p). (sf) 1
Carex sp(p). 1
Cenococcum (sclerotia) 2
Chenopodium album 2
Corylus avellana 1
Galeopsis Subgenus Galeopsis 1
Hylocomium splendens 1
Lapsana communis 2
Polygonum persicaria 1
Pteridium aquilinum (pinn fgts) 1
Raphanus raphanistrum (psf) 1
Reseda luteola 1
Rumex sp(p). 1
Spergula arvensis 1
Sphagnum sp(p). (lvs/shts) 1
Thuidium tamariscinum 1
bark fgts 1 max 5 mm
beetles 1
bivalve periostracum 1
bone fgts 1 max 70 mm
charcoal 1 max 10 mm
earthworm egg caps 2
fish bone 2 max 55 mm
fly puparia 1
gravel 2 max 50 mm
grit 2
moss 1
mussel shell fgts 1 max 20 mm
peat fgts 2 max 30 mm
sand 2
wood fgts 1 v dec max 5
Context 864, Sample 27/T (0.986 kg) Sphagnum sp(p). (lvs/shts) 2
bone fgts 1 max 3 mm
charcoal 1 max 10 mm
gravel 1 max 15 mm
grit 1
insect cuticle 1
mites 1
peat fgts 1 max 5 mm
peat fgts (ch) 1 max 5 mm
sand 2
Context 878, Sample 69/SPT (weight not recorded) amorphous peat fgts 3 max 25 mm
sand 2
Context 879, Sample 25/SPT (0.2 kg) Ericales pollen 1
amorphous organic matter 3
fungal spores 1
grit 1
sand 1
Context 929, Sample 70/T (2.205 kg) Agrostemma githago (sf) 1 v dec
charcoal 1 max 10 mm
gravel 1 max 40 mm
insect cuticle 1
?peat fgts (ch) 1 max 5 mm
sand 3
Context 1138, Sample 10/SPT Quercus sp(p). (wood) 1
Context 1138, Sample 17/SPT Quercus sp(p). (wood) 1
Context 1138, Sample 40/SPT Calluna vulgaris (sht tips) 1 single spec
Sphagnum sp(p). (lvs/shts) 2
amorphous peat fgts 3
beetles 1
gravel 1 max 10 mm
root/rhizome fgts (ch) 1
sand 1
twig fgts 1 v dec max 5
twig fgts (ch) 1 max 2 mm
wood fgts 1 v dec max 5
Context 1138, Sample 75/SPT concretions 2 max 10 mm
fly puparia 1 v dec
unwashed sediment 4 max 35 mm
wood fgts 2 v dec max 10
Context 1138, Sample 78/SPT wood fgts 1 max 100 mm
Context 1138, Sample 86/SPT bark fgts 2 max 50 mm
wood fgts 1 v dec max 20
Context 1138, Sample 87/SPT (1.1 kg) Brassica sp(p). (sf) 1 v dec
Rumex sp(p). 1
bark fgts 2 v dec max 40
fly puparia 2 v dec
gravel 1 max 25 mm
unwashed sediment 3 max 25 mm
wood fgts 1 v dec max 5

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