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List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of study area showing three designated zones (1-3) and study area of Cardigan Bay (red dotted box)

Figure 2: Submerged Stories. Illustration by Erin Kavanagh

Figure 3: 'The Submerged Forest at Borth' by Ifor Christie, A Level Art student at Ysgol Penweddig. Submitted to Layers in the Landscape. Used with permission.

Figure 4: Landscape envisaged to have existed in the North Sea area by Clement Reid in 1913

Figure 5: Sea level curve (blue) showing rise in global sea levels, archaeological periods and key events during sea level rise in British waters. LUP — Late Upper Palaeolithic. M — Mesolithic. LP — Later Prehistory

Figure 6: Core taken from seabed in Bay of Firth, Orkney Islands. Image credit: authors

Figure 7: Myths of Memory. Illustration by Erin Kavanagh

Figure 8: Bathymetric map showing topography of the seabed. Inset: detailed bathymetry from Cardigan Bay and the position of the three sarns

Figure 9: (a) Sarn Cynfelin gravels at low tide. Image credit: authors (b) Peat at Borth showing main peat body and intercalated clays and peats at top of sequence (indicated by red arrows). Image credit: authors (c) Burnt stone fragments lying in peat at south end of beach in Borth. Image credit: authors

Figure 10: Reconstructed coastal positions at 12000 (a), 10000 (b), 8000 (c), and 6000 (d) years before present. Green colour indicates the intertidal zone (assuming a 5m tidal range similar to that of the bay today). View animation

Figure 11: Interpretation of core ZZ 27 (offshore Aberaeron) (Haynes et al. 1977) showing lithology, inferred environmental changes and dating

Figure 12: Red deer antlers from tidal channel sediments at Borth. Image credit: authors

Figure 13: a) Footprints from a range of different animals preserved in peat at south end of the forest at Borth. Image credit: authors b) Split hoof print of a boar from Borth. Image credit: authors c) Left and right juvenile human feet from Borth. Image credit: authors

Figure 14: The flooding of Cardigan Bay. Illustration parodying a woodcut, by Erin Kavanagh


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Cite this as: Kavanagh, K.E. and Bates, M.R. 2019 Semantics of the Sea — Stories and Science along the Celtic Seaboard, Internet Archaeology 53. https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.53.8

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