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Managing the Managers: State control over the monuments in Estonia

Ulla Kadakas and Anu Lillak

Cite this as: Kadakas, U. and Lillak, A. 2020 Managing the Managers: State control over the monuments in Estonia, Internet Archaeology 54.


The article introduces the management system of archaeological monuments of Estonia. It focuses on the state of archaeological heritage and land usage of listed monuments. The legal background is explained while discussing the need to enhance visitor experience on archaeological sites. A few successful and some unfavourable examples are given to show the struggle to find a balance between development, exposition and preservation.

Vastseliina 'Pilgrim house' and Episcopal Castle ruins
Vastseliina 'Pilgrim house' and Episcopal Castle ruins. Image: Ulla Kadakas
  • Google Scholar
  • Keywords: archaeology, Estonia, heritage management, archaeological monuments, best practice
  • Accepted: 1 November 2019. Published: 28 February 2020
  • The publication of this article is funded by the European Archaeological Council.

Corresponding author: Ulla Kadakas
National Heritage Board (Muinsuskaitseamet), Estonia

Co-author: Anu Lillak
National Heritage Board (Muinsuskaitseamet), Estonia

Full text

Figure 1: Vastseliina 'Pilgrim house' and Episcopal Castle ruins. Image: Ulla Kadakas

Alatalu, R. 2010 'ICOMOS Rahvusvaheline Monumentide ja Muinsusväärtuste nõukogu', Muinsuskaitse aastaraamat 2009, 104-105.

Heritage Conservation Act 2019

Kadakas, U. 2017. 'Defining archaeological heritage: the practices of protection of archaeological heritage in Estonia' in A. Degraeve, A. (ed) Dare to Choose. Making Choices in Archaeological Heritage Management, EAC Occasional Paper 13. 41-45.

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National Heritage Board of Estonia

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Venice Charter 1964

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