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Creation of Functional Replica Roman and Late Antique Musical Instruments through 3D Scanning and Printing Technology, and their use in research and museum education

Ellen Swift and Lloyd Bosworth, with David Creese, George Morris, April Pudsey, Justin Richardson, Jo Stoner, Frank Walker, and Georgia Wright

Cite this as: Swift, E. and Bosworth, L. with Creese, D., Morris, G., Pudsey, A., Richardson, J., Stoner, J., Walker, F and Wright, G. 2021 Creation of Functional Replica Roman and Late Antique Musical Instruments through 3D Scanning and Printing Technology, and their use in research and museum education, Internet Archaeology 56. https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.56.1

Appendix 1: .stl files and obj files (3D models)

The OBJ files are available via the ADS digital archive.

Replica of Petrie Museum acc. no..stl.obj
1UC35797 cymbal.stl.obj
2UC35798 cymbal.stl.obj
3 UC33269a cymbal (pair with UC33269b).stl.obj
4 UC33269b cymbal (pair with UC33269a).stl.obj
5 UC58536 small bell from bracelet.stl.obj
6 UC58538 small bell from bracelet.stl.obj
7 UC58540 small bell from bracelet.stl.obj
8 UC8976 bell with Bes mask.stl.obj
9 UC30389 rumbler bell.stl.obj
10 UC35794 bell with U-shaped loop.stl.obj
11 UC33261 bell .stl.obj
12 UC34972 bird-shaped rattle.stl.obj
13 UC34972 bird-shaped rattle (reconstructed).stl.obj
14 UC65087 pointed rattle.stl.obj
15 UC71557 nut-shaped rattle.stl.obj
16 UC59603 half of a wooden clapper (pair with UC59609).stl.obj
17 UC59609 half of a wooden clapper (pair with UC59603).stl.obj
18 UC71305(a) half of a wooden clapper (pair with UC71305(b)).stl.obj
19 UC71305(b) half of a wooden clapper (pair with UC71305(a)).stl.obj
20 UC33270 panpipes.stl.obj
21 UC59260 double flute.stl.obj

Appendix 2: Sound Recordings

Sound recordings were made on 5 July 2018 in the sound studio at the University of Kent, Medway Campus, Chatham Dockyard. Those included are a representative sample. The audio files are also available via the ADS digital archive

1. Replica of UC35797, re-created as finger-cymbals, worn on the thumb and first finger of one hand, and clapped together at middle distance from the microphone (4m)
2. Replica of UC35798, re-created as crotals, held by the handle and clapped together at middle distance from the microphone (4m) using the following Paeonic rhythm in 5/8 time: ♩♫♪
3. Replica of UC33269a/b, re-created as crotals, held by the end of the handle, the middle of the handle then hit on the other arm to produce a ringing sound, at close range, 0.5m from the microphone.
4. Replica of UC58536, bell on bracelet, sound that occurs naturally when moving while holding the object (simulating the object worn on the wrist), middle distance from the microphone (4m)
5. Replica of UC58538, bell on bracelet, sound that occurs naturally when moving while holding the object (simulating the object worn on the wrist), middle distance from the microphone (4m)
6. Replica of UC58540, bell on bracelet, sound that occurs naturally when moving while holding the object (simulating the object worn on the wrist), close range, 0.5m from the microphone.
7. Replica of UC8976, bell with Bes mask, held by the handle and shaken from side to side, middle distance from the microphone (4m)
8. Replica of UC30389, rumbler bell, held by the loop and shaken from side to side, middle distance from the microphone (4m)
9. Replica of UC35794, bell with U-shaped loop, held by the loop and shaken from side to side, middle distance from the microphone (4m)
10. Replica of UC33261, bell with rings attached, held by the ring furthest from the end, and shaken from side to side, at middle distance from the microphone (4m)
11. Replica of UC34972, bird rattle, held in the hand and shaken at middle distance from the microphone (4m) using the following Ionic rhythm in 3/4 time: ♫♩♩
12. Replica of UC65087, pointed rattle, rolled on the floor (a fabric surface) at close range (0.5m from the microphone)
13. Replica of UC71557, nut-shaped rattle, held in the hand and shaken at close range, 0.5m from the microphone
14. Replica of UC71305a/b, forming one pair of wooden clappers, and UC59603 and UC59609, forming another similar pair, clapped together at middle distance from the microphone (4m) using the following Paeonic rhythms in 5/8 time: 1. ♪♪♪♪♪ 2. ♩♪♩
15. Replica in PLA of UC33270, panpipes, tuned to D E F# G A B C, playing one of the tunes from Bellermann's Anonymous, Pöhlmann 1970, cat. no. 12, music score transcription © Egert Pöhlmann 1970, by kind permission.
16. Replica in bamboo of UC59260, double flute, a few notes played at close range, 0.5m from the microphone
17. Ensemble, replica in PLA of UC33270 panpipes, tuned to D E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C, playing a fragment of music from the Roman period (Pap. Berlin 6870), Pöhlmann 1970, cat. no. 31, accompanied by replica of UC33269a/b, crotals, and replica of UC59603 and UC59609, wood clapper pair, playing an Anapaestic rhythm in 4/4 time: ♩♫♩♫ Music score transcription © Egert Pöhlmann 1970, by kind permission.
18. Ensemble, replica in PLA of UC33270 panpipes, tuned to D E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C, playing a fragment of music from the Roman period (Pap. Berlin 6870), Pöhlmann 1970, cat. no. 31, accompanied by bird rattle, pointed rattle, Bes bell, UC30389 rumbler bell, UC71305a/b wood clappers, and both replica pairs of crotals, UC35798 and UC33269a/b, processing past the microphone and around the recording studio. Music scores transcription © Pöhlmann 1970 by kind permission.

Appendix 3: Petrie Museum Visitor Questionnaire [PDF]

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