Cite this as: Scholma-Mason, O., Tierney, M., Goacher, H. and Edgeworth, M. et al. 2021 Iron Age Settlements and Roman Roads: archaeological fieldwork along the Angelinos trunk water main in north Oxfordshire, Internet Archaeology 56. https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.56.13
Excavations along an 18.5km stretch of the Angelinos trunk water main in north Oxfordshire between Tackley and Milton uncovered a panoply of prehistoric to post-medieval remains. Residual sherds of Beaker pottery suggest Chalcolithic/early Bronze Age activity within the vicinity of the development, but most of the excavated features were middle Iron Age in date, comprising linear boundaries and probable enclosures. At least three areas of domestic occupation were recorded, ranging from a single structure to multiple pits associated with various linear features. A double burial, comprising an adult male and a child, dating to the middle Iron Age was also recorded. Roman remains were largely limited to a section dug through Akeman Street, which formed a key arterial route during the Roman period. Other Roman evidence includes a possible midden or manure spread, suggestive of nearby agricultural activity. Medieval and post-medieval features ranged from plough marks to probable quarry pits.
Figure 1: Site location
Figure 2: The site in its wider context
Figure 3: Calibrated radiocarbon dates
Figure 4: Plan of archaeological features in Area 1
Figure 5: Plan of archaeological features in Area 1/13
Figure 6: Section through Roman road 
Figure 7: Plan of archaeological features in Area 2
Figure 8: East-facing shot of pits ,  and 
Figure 9: North-east facing shot of SK2108
Figure 10: Plan of archaeological features in Area 3
Figure 11: Plan of archaeological features in Area 4
Figure 12: Plan of archaeological features in Area 5
Figure 13: Plan of archaeological features in Area 7
Figure 14: Plan of archaeological features in Area 9
Figure 15: Plan of archaeological features in Area 10
Figure 16: Plan of archaeological features in Area 11
Figure 17: Plan of archaeological features in Area 12
Figure 18: Iron Age pottery from the pipeline
Figure 19: Glass bead from burial 
Table 1: Summary of excavated areas
Table 2: Summary of main phases by area
Table 3: Summary of radiocarbon dates
Table 4: Summary of dated pottery recovered by area (no. sherds)
Table 5: Quantification of Iron Age pottery from across the pipeline
Table 6: Quantification of Roman pottery from across the pipeline
Table 7: Number of identified animal specimens (NISP) from hand-collected and sieved faunal material by period
Table 8: Location and summary of micromorphology samples
Table 9: Summary of principal features and possible site functions
Table 10: Examples of Iron Age settlement sites near to the development
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