Mini journal logo  Home Issue Contents All Issues

Preparing the Romanian National Archaeological Datasets for ARIADNE

Bogdan Șandric, Marius Streinu and Dan Matei

Cite this as: Șandric, B., Streinu, M. and Matei, D. 2023 Preparing the Romanian National Archaeological Datasets for ARIADNE, Internet Archaeology 64.


The contribution of the Romanian National Institute of Heritage (NIH) to the ARIADNE catalogue consists of 22,298 cultural resources, 18,277 of which are archaeological sites and 4021 are fieldwork reports. The two types of data were extracted from the two repositories that INP manages: the National Archaeological Repertory and the Chronicle of Archaeological Research.

In Romania, the legislation regarding the protection of archaeological heritage establishes the National Archaeological Repertory as the means of managing the scientific data relating to the archaeological heritage, and of mapping archaeological sites as well as the threats to them. In addition, the same legislation stipulates that preliminary excavation reports should be published in a volume edited by the National Archaeology Commission, if the research was financed by public funds. As a result, for better dissemination, the reports are uploaded to a database. Both the Repertory and the Chronicle are accessible online through the INP management web portal.

In order to fulfil the NIH's obligations within the ARIADNEplus project, several corrections and changes were made to the structures of both repositories (RAN and Chronicle) and data had to be updated. First of all, a photo upload module that illustrates both an archaeological site, perceived as a landscape, and its various components was developed. At the same time, the NIH team carried out a campaign to map the archaeological sites using coordinates in the WGS84 system, using various cartographic resources, such as topographic maps, aerial photographs and satellite images. The third activity consisted of creating a hierarchical list of archaeological site types and their components to support a more accurate description and retrieval of database records. Conversion of the RAN archaeological records to AO-Cat compliant RDF data was the fourth activity conducted by NIIH in order to include the RAN records in the ARIADNE Knowledge Base. Subsequently, a hierarchical list of the archaeological periods used in Romanian archaeology was developed, where every period is described by three main components: name, time interval and geographical area. This list has been converted to the PeriodO format and will be imported into the gazetteer.

  • Google Scholar
  • Keywords: National Archaeological Repertory, Chronicle of Archaeological Reports, AO-Cat, ontology, archaeological sites, excavation reports, database, legislation, Romania
  • Accepted: 26 July 2023. Published: 31 October 2023
  • Funding: This article is based upon work from ARIADNEplus and COST Action SEADDA, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology).
  • PDF download (main article text only)

Corresponding author: Bogdan ȘandricORCID logo
National Institute of Heritage, Bucharest, Romania

Marius StreinuORCID logo
National Institute of Heritage, Bucharest, Romania

Dan MateiORCID logo
National Institute of Heritage, Bucharest, Romania

Full text

Figure 1: Romanian archaeological periods thesaurus

Table 1: Extract of the AO-Cat in hierarchical form

Table 2: Sample of a RAN record in XML format

Table 3: Alignment of RAN terms with the Getty AAT

Cottenceau, A-M. and Hannois, P. 2002 'Arm and GIS in France. From DRACAR to PATRIARCHE' in L. García Sanjuán and D.W. Wheatley (eds) Mapping the Future of the Past. Managing the Spatial Dimension of the European Archaeological Resource, Sevillia. 53-60.

Oberländer-Târnoveanu, I. 2014 'Patrimoniul arheologic naţional: politici, documentare, acces', in S. Musteaţă (coord), Arheologia şi politicile de protejare a patrimoniului cultural în România. Culegere de studii, Chişinău, Iaşi. 13–42.

Oberländer-Târnoveanu, I. and Matei, D. 2009 Standarde şi recomandări în documentarea bunurilor culturale, Bucureşti.

Șandric, B. 2016 'Repertoriul Arheologic al României. Istorie, Evoluție, Rezultate', Patrimoniul Banaticum 16, 281-306.

Streinu, M. and Șandric, B. 2023 'The State of the Art of Digital Archiving in Romania', Internet Archaeology 63.

Internet Archaeology is an open access journal based in the Department of Archaeology, University of York. Except where otherwise noted, content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY) Unported licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that attribution to the author(s), the title of the work, the Internet Archaeology journal and the relevant URL/DOI are given.

Terms and Conditions | Legal Statements | Privacy Policy | Cookies Policy | Citing Internet Archaeology

Internet Archaeology content is preserved for the long term with the Archaeology Data Service. Help sustain and support open access publication by donating to our Open Access Archaeology Fund.