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Humans, Other Animals and Disease: a comparative approach towards the development of a standardised recording protocol for animal palaeopathology

Stephanie Vann and Richard Thomas

School of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH.
Stephanie Vann slv5@leicester.ac.uk, Richard Thomas rmt12@leicester.ac.uk

Cite this as: S. Vann and R. Thomas 2006 'Humans, Other Animals and Disease: a comparative approach towards the development of a standardised recording protocol for animal palaeopathology', Internet Archaeology 20. http://dx.doi.org/10.11141/ia.20.5

Summary

Abstract

In recent years the impact of animal disease on human societies has had an extremely high profile, with the spread of diseases such as Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) and foot and mouth among animal populations, as well as the transmission of diseases such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Ebola and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) from animal to human populations. The social and economic impact of such illnesses has been profound. However, studies on the effect of animal disease in past human populations have been widely neglected. This is partly due to the inconsistent manner in which instances of animal disease (palaeopathology) are recorded, diagnosed and interpreted which, together with the typically low incidence of specimens per site, has precluded detailed studies of regional or temporal trends.

This article outlines the archaeological rationale behind developing a generic methodology to enable the consistent recognition, recording and description of animal palaeopathological data. Furthermore, the experience of palaeopathologists concerned with human populations has been drawn upon to develop a downloadable, stand-alone recording system to facilitate the recording of animal palaeopathological data and enable questions concerning past animal health and disease to be better explored in future.

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