TAESP: Places of Special Interest Dataset

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POSI Number TP246
GU number
SIA Number TS06
Village Phlasou
Locality Langouphes
Easting 489662.00
Northing 3879422.00
Elevation (m) 323.00
References [Link to Bibliography]
Source GPS
Team Leader JSN
Summary Section showing sequence of flood deposits with artefacts
Topography Steep alluvial terrace proximal to river
Vegetation Fallow plowed field
Access Gravel road from north leading to homestead, tractor trail from homestead to terrace cut
Description Environment Modern agricultural terrace on steep river bank. The cut was exposed, within the last two years, by bulldozing to flatten land for farming. Total height of section c. 2.25 m Elevation at base of section c. 323 m asl (GPS)Elevation of modern stream channel c. 311.5 m asl (GPS)Total width of section = at least 40 ms. The stratigraphy is clearest in the middle 9 meters, and is described below.
Pottery Abundant
Tile None
Chipped Stone Some
Ground Stone Some
Slag None
Architecture None
Visibility (%) 90
Description POSI Sequence of flood deposits (11.5 m above modern stream channel) visible in bulldozed terrace cut above the Karkotis river, containing small isolated pieces of charcoal; animal bone fragments; and abundant pottery sherds. Pottery sherds are present throughout the section above Unit I (PU01), but most notably in the basal lag deposits of the upper four units. Stratigraphy (described from base to ground surface).Note: This fill-terrace sequence occupies the center of a paleo-topographic low. Cross-cutting relationships between units are evident near the channel margins, but are obscured by pedogenesis and erosion.0- 63: Unit I (PU01) : Gravelly alluvium and colluvium; carbonate-cemented channel deposits 7.5YR4/6 dry; hard; massive; gravelly carbonate-cemented silt; 20% angular fine gravel-sized and cobble-sized clasts; percent gravel increases slightly upwards. Pedogenic carbonate present throughout the unit as thin, horizontal streamers (K46), generally thicker (up to 2 cm) in the lower 20 centimeters of the unit and varies to complete saturation (Ku) towards paleochannel margins. Manganese stains common along cracks and pores throughout the unit. Smooth, very abrupt upper contact (erosional unconformity). Near the channel margins, this unit grades into mixed alluvium and regolith - clasts consist largely of angular, slightly-weathered basalt.63-117 Unit II and III: Channel and overbank alluvium; flood deposits.63-77 Unit II (PU02) Channel lag deposit. 10YR4/3 dry; massive; SCL; 30% subrounded, coarse(65mm) gravel-sized clasts, including, bone, ceramics, and charcoal; clast lithology includes basalt and also dunite, graniodiorite, and gabbro; inclusions of channel cobble lag deposits; clear wavy upper contact.77-117 Unit III (PU03) overbank flood deposits, subsequent pedogenesis and burial = 3ABb. 10YR4/2 dry; weak medium subangular blocky structure; Gravelly SiCL; 10% fine to medium poorly to well-rounded gravel-sized clasts; many very fine pores; poor sorting (mixing) of clast sizes suggest possible agricultural use or extensive pedoturbation; abrupt, smooth upper contact (erosional unconformity). Laterally, this unit tapers out along paleochannel margins; pedogenesis obscures contact with Unit I.117-207 Unit IV (PU04): Small channel and overbank alluvium; flood deposits.thin carbonate coatings (K1), few fine roots, 20% very fine gravel throughout; basal 3 cm = lag of very fine gravel containing pottery sherds and manganese stains. upper 10cm = 7.5YR 4/6 dry; massive reddish sand; abundant redoximorphic features (diffuse irregular iron masses/mottles) throughout upper 10 centimeters; possible lateral channelform morphology; clear, wavy upper contact (erosional unconformity). This unit is not laterally extensive, and pinches out near channel margins.207-244 Unit V (PU05): Recent colluvium and anthropogenic fill sediments.Upper 20 cm are 2.5Y 5/3 dry; weak soil profile development (A, 0-20 cm; AC 20-37 cm); Carbonate rip-up cobbles (similar to saturated portions of Unit I) demarcate basal channel lag; near paleochannel margins, continual pedogenesis blurs the contact between these sediments and the lower, incised strata. Soil Profile Interpretation (measured from surface down)A 0 - 20 cmAC 20 - 372C 37 - 1193ABb 119 - 1643Cb 164-1734Crk 173-2375R depth variable
Condition Stable
Settlement No
Church No
Building No
Bridge No
Check Dam No
Threshing Floor No
Tomb No
Kiln No
Other Structure No
Rock No
Mine/Adit No
Botany No
Extraction No
Road No
Pottery Yes
Lithics Yes
View No
Geomorphology Yes
Prehistoric Yes
Iron Age No
Hellenistic/Roman No
Medieval/Ottoman No
Modern No
Slag No
Shrine No
Entered By ATB
Entered Date 4/7/2004 00:00:00
Recorded By CRR
Recorded Date 30/6/2004 00:00:00