Three years on from 'The Nighthawking Survey': innovations in heritage protection

Pete Wilson and Mark Harrison

English Heritage, 1 Waterhouse Square, Holborn, London, EC1N 2ST Email: /

Cite this as: Wilson, P. and Harrison, M. 2013 Three years on from 'The Nighthawking Survey': innovations in heritage protection, Internet Archaeology 33.


Nighthawking is the illegal removal of archaeological material whether from legally protected sites or other locations. Following the publication of The Nighthawking Survey in 2009, organisations in the UK Historic Environment Sector have sought to develop responses, including partnerships with enforcement agencies, and this article explores that process and considers some of the issues involved.

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File last updated: Tue Feb 05 2013