A notable feature of the ceramic assemblage from Trench D is the disparity between the quantities of potsherds in different layers (Table 13; Figure 40). Layer 2 contained a far greater quantity of potsherds than any of the others. This may indicate a difference in the nature of the activities that took place in that part of the site during a particular time (perhaps a period of more intense occupation, or alternatively a period of dumping or episode of backfilling). Equally, however, it may also reflect a different process of ceramic recovery and retention during excavation. Here, we continue to work on the premise that similar retention strategies were used across the site.
|Class/variants||Layer 1||Layer 2||Layer 3||Layer 4||Layer 5||Total|
|Class 1 variant 1||1||1||4||6|
|Class 1 variant 2|
|Class 1 variant 3|
|Class 2 variant 1||1||25||6||1||8||41|
|Class 2 variant 2||10||3||2||8||23|
|Class 2 variant 3||5||5|
|Class 2 variant 4||5||16||6||8||5||40|
|Class 2 variant 5||1||1|
|Class 2 variant 6||2||1||3||6|
|Class 3 variant 1|
|Class 3 variant 2||5||1||6|
|Class 5 variant 1||3||17||5||7||13||45|
|Class 5 variant 2||5||1||6||12|
|Class 5 variant 3||2||31||27||22||7||89|
|Class 5 variant 4||2||10||12||8||2||34|
|Class 6 variant 1||2||1||3|
|Class 6 variant 2||2||4||4||1||11|
|Class 6 variant 3||1||1|
|Class 7 variant 1|
|Class 7 variant 2||1||1||1||3|
|Class 10 variant 1|
|Class 10 variant 2|
Despite differences in the relative quantity of ceramic remains between layers in Trench D, we notice the same distribution of classes and variants in layers 1 to 4. Classes 1, 4, 7, 9 and 10 are almost absent from the assemblage. Class 2 is present along with Class 5 variant 1, but they are less frequent than those of Class 5 variants 3 and 4, which are clearly the predominant wares. Class 6 is also represented but accounts for a much smaller proportion of the overall assemblage. Another characteristic is the presence of glazed wares (Unidentified types). In layer 5 we can identify a change in this distribution. Here, we see an increase in the proportion of Class 2 and Class 5 variant 1, while the relative proportion of Class 5 variants 3 and 4 decreases.
On the basis of this analysis, we can assign layers 2 to 5 to the second phase of occupation identified in Trenches C and F, dating to the 7th and 8th centuries CE. Layer 1 can be dated to the third phase of occupation, which dates from the 10th century CE onwards (Table 14).
|1||Post 10th century|
|2||7th to 8th century|
|3||7th to 8th century|
|4||7th to 8th century|
|5||7th to 8th century|
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