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6.3 Trench B

Figure 39
Figure 39: Chart illustrating the distribution of pottery classes and variants in Trench B, layers 1 to 5. Image credit: Authors.

In Trench B we observe the same stratigraphic distribution of the classes and variants as noted in Trench A (Table 11; Figure 39). The only exception to this trend is in layer 1, where examples of Class 5 variant 3 are far less frequent (only three potsherds). The majority of potsherds belong to: Class 1 variant 1; Class 2 variants 1, 2, 4; and Class 5 variant 1, while examples of Class 9 are not distributed as evenly throughout the sequence. Caution is needed when interpreting the distribution of pottery in layers 4 and 5 because the quantity of potsherds is noticeably lower (layer 4: 24 potsherds, layer 5: 36 potsherds) than in other layers (layer 1: 94, layer 2: 141, layer 3: 148). Nevertheless, the similarities to Trench A enable us to propose a comparable date for the layers of Trench B, i.e. from the 4th to the 6th or 7th century CE (Table 12).

Table 11: Number of sherds of each class/variant recorded in the archaeological layers of Trench B
Class/variants Layer 1 Layer 2 Layer 3 Layer 4 Layer 5 Total
Class 1 variant 1 20 28 23 2 5 78
Class 1 variant 2 1 1
Class 1 variant 3 2 2 1 5
Class 2 variant 1 18 44 42 5 8 117
Class 2 variant 2 4 18 11 3 6 42
Class 2 variant 3 2 2 6 2 2 13
Class 2 variant 4 7 10 5 2 1 25
Class 2 variant 5 1 2 1 4
Class 2 variant 6 0
Class 3 variant 1 2 2
Class 3 variant 2 2 4 6
Class 4 1 1
Class 5 variant 1 30 30 41 8 6 115
Class 5 variant 2 2 2
Class 5 variant 3 3 3
Class 5 variant 4 0
Class 6 variant 1 0
Class 6 variant 2 1 1 2
Class 6 variant 3 0
Class 7 variant 1 2 2 2 6
Class 7 variant 2 2 3 4 3 12
Class 8 0
Class 9 2 5 1 8
Class 10 variant 1 0
Class 10 variant 2 0
Total 94 141 148 24 36 442
Table 12: Reconstructed chronological sequence for Trench B, based on relative dating
LayerDate range
17th to 8th century
24th to 6th/7th century
34th to 6th/7th century
44th to 6th/7th century
54th to 6th/7th century

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