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Investments for Visitor Purposes at Archaeological Sites and Historical Monuments in Hungary

Dóra Hegyi and Zsófia Nádai

Cite this as: Hegyi, D. and Nádai, Z. 2020 Investments for Visitor Purposes at Archaeological Sites and Historical Monuments in Hungary, Internet Archaeology 54. https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.54.6

Summary

Proper management of monuments and archaeological sites as well as how to present them to the wider public have been critical issues for years in Hungary. Discussions on monument protection have focused mainly on the problems posed by the relationship between research into buildings and their surroundings and redevelopment programmes. In cultural tourism, the interests and needs of these two fields can meet or clash. In Hungary, this is most conspicuous in relation to so-called heritage development undertaken within the framework of the National Program for Mansions and Castles, coordinated by National Heritage Protection and Development Ltd (Nemzeti Örökségvédelmi és Fejlesztési Nkft, NÖF). Two sites, Sárospatak and Szabadkígyós, are presented in this article as examples of such archaeological research projects undertaken in preparation for the further development of an area.

Foundation of the southern great basin and its transposed fountain
  • Google Scholar
  • Keywords: archaeology, town wall, historical garden, monument protection in Hungary, redevelopment, Sárospatak, Szabadkígyós
  • Accepted: 1 November 2019. Published: 28 February 2020
  • The publication of this article is funded by the European Archaeological Council.

Corresponding author: Dóra Hegyi
hegyidora12@gmail.com
Eötvös Loránd University

Co-author: Zsófia Nádai
nadaizsofi@gmail.com

Full text

Figure 1: The ground plan of the historical town of Sárospatak with the fortifications from the Early Modern Period and the castle in the south-eastern corner. Image: Róbert Fülöpp, Lászó Pokorni, Péter Szökrön

Figure 2: Survey by the Italian military engineer Nicolo Angelini, around 1570 (Source: Karlsruhe National Archives)

Figure 3: Exploratory trenches in the area of the western town wall and the Lion Bastion

Figure 4: Overview of the exploratory trench on the southern side of the Lion Bastion. Image: Dóra Hegyi, Zsófia Nádai and László Pokorni

Figure 5: The bastion built in the Perényi period, the predecessor of the Lion Bastion, viewed from the north-west

Figure 6: The southern façade of the Lion Bastion and the bastion of the Perényi period; the numbers indicate the location of the loopholes. Image: Zsófia Nádai and László Pokorni

Figure 7: The meeting point of the Lion Bastion and the zwinger, with the 4th loophole

Figure 8: The zwinger wall north of the Lion Bastion

Figure 9: The white rock surface north of the Lion Bastion

Figure 10: The section of the cannon hill

Figure 11: The plans of the terrace by Miklós Ybl (Source: BFL XV.17.f.331.20/5)

Figure 12: Identified elements of the garden in the 1883 cadastral map. Image: Ágnes Bechtold, based on MOL S79 No. 0216/0459, 0467, http://www.archivportal.arcanum.hu/kataszter/

Figure 13: The Wenckheim Mansion, photo by György Klösz, 1895-1899 (Source: Fortepan 83296/HU BFL XV.19.d.1.11.204)

Figure 14: The doll's house in Szabadkígyós, viewed from the south (photo in the private collection of János Tuska, 1940s (from Becthold 2017, fig. 108)

Figure 15: Overview of the explored surfaces. Image: Péter Szökrön

Figure 16: Foundation of the southern great basin and its transposed fountain

Figure 17: Foundation of the pathway in front of the mansion's southern façade

Figure 18: Georeferenced overview of the doll's house in Szabadkígyós. Image: Péter Szökrön, Dóra Hegyi and Zsófia Nádai

Figure 19: Details of the excavated doll's house

Figure 20: Toys planned for the playground: doll's house. Image: Pagony Tájépítész Iroda

Figure 21: Toys planned for the playground: jungle-gym in the shape of an aircraft. Image: Pagony Tájépítész Iroda

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