Appendix 2.3: Copyright issues

The Ancient Merv Project, and all members who sign up to the Ancient Merv Blog in order to participate in the discussions, are subject to the copyright issues and terms of service of using and publishing on (available on the Blogger Terms of Service at The Ancient Merv Project accepts these terms fully. Important issues are that:

  1. the Blogspot Member (in this case the Ancient Merv Project authors) will retain copyright ownership and all related rights for information he or she publishes through Blogger or otherwise enters into Blogger-related services
  2. that Blogger is allowed to quote or reproduce small portions of the content in order to promote your BlogSpot site and/or the BlogSpot service, but only on a fair-use-type basis (see Blogger Terms of Service, at

Terms of agreement about copyright and acceptable use policies will be sent out to all those people who request to become Blog-members (see above). They are based upon the University College London Guidelines for E-Learning Communication Tools (available at These guidelines are used in conjunction with UCL's Computing Regulations and Policy on Electronic Mail, which form part of the Information Security Policy (available at the

By signing up to the terms of agreement, the Blog Member agrees to the following:

  1. That you are responsible for the content you create in discussion postings, comments and blog postings which will always include, but may not be limited to, text, video, audio, photographs and external links.
  2. You will not violate, plagiarise, or infringe on the rights of third parties including copyright, trademark, trade secret, privacy, personal, publicity, or proprietary rights. You also agree to post only materials to which you hold copyright or have the appropriate permission to distribute electronically.
  3. You must not create, store, download or transmit material that is offensive, obscene or indecent. Such materials will always include, but at our discretion may not be limited to, such materials as are deemed offensive, obscene or indecent under The Obscene Publications Act 1959, The Sex Discrimination Act 1975, The Race Relations Act 1976, The Protection of Children Act 1978, The Public Order Act 1986, and the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994.
  4. You will not impersonate someone else, send messages which purport to come from someone else, or use a forged address (spoofing), or adopt an inappropriate username.
  5. You agree that your comments and/or postings may be archived and used for quotation and/or publication by the Ancient Merv Project, University College London, provided that you will be acknowledged as the copyright owner.
  6. The Ancient Merv Project, University College London has the right to remove, edit, move or close any topic at any time should they see fit.
  7. The Ancient Merv Project, University College London will only publish your personal information with your permission. Your personal details will only be used to validate your access to the Ancient Merv Project Blog; information provided for this purpose will not be further published/passed on. UCL complies with the 1998 Data Protection Act.

Even though Blog members will have agreed to the terms of agreement, the Ancient Merv Project will still include a disclaimer stating that it cannot be held responsible for content by its Blog members and by third-parties;

The opinions, advice, and comments offered by Blog members and third party sources are not necessarily endorsed by the authors of the Ancient Merv Project of University College London. Whilst all reasonable care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the information in the Web page(s), the authors cannot accept responsibility for any errors or omissions.

Copyright statement

As the Blog is hosted on the web, there are numerous copyright issues involved in browsing each single web page. In theory, the consent of the copyright holder is required for each act of copying. Technically, someone looking at the Ancient Merv Blog will already have performed the act of 'copying' because a copy is automatically made in a computer's RAM, as well as the cache of the browser (Everett 2003).

Since it is the aim of the Ancient Merv Blog that everyone can view the Ancient Merv Blog seamlessly, and should be able to use the blog for future academic and public interest, a copyright statement has been devised along the following lines:

The Ancient Merv Project will allow all forms of copying, downloading and quotation on condition that the Ancient Merv Project is acknowledged as the source.
The Ancient Merv Project authorises you to view and display the material using a generally recognised World Wide Web browser, download the material to store in your local computer (for example in your browser's cache) for a period not exceeding 30 days provided that you also download this copyright notice, and print out the material provided, that you also print the appropriate acknowledgement and attach it to each copy of the printout. Comments and entries by Blog members may be viewed, copied and distributed, provided that the Ancient Merv Project is acknowledged as the source, and that the individual Blog member's name (if applicable) and the date of entry will be referenced.
Acknowledgement: This material is the copyright of the Ancient Merv Project, University College London and is reproduced with permission.


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Last updated: Mon Sept 29 2008