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6.2 Trench A

Figure 38
Figure 38: Chart illustrating the distribution of pottery classes and variants in Trench A, layers 1 to 6. Image credit: Authors.

Now we turn to results from Trench A. Distribution of potsherds belonging to different classes and their variants are shown in Table 9 and Figure 38.

Table 9: Number of sherds of each class/variant recorded in the archaeological layers of Trench A
Class/variant Layer 1 Layer 2 Layer 3 Layer 4 Layer 5 Layer 6 Total
Class 1 variant 1 12 37 29 19 12 20 129
Class 1 variant 2 1 1
Class 1 variant 3 0
Class 2 variant 1 21 16 6 6 7 2 58
Class 2 variant 2 4 12 15 11 5 47
Class 2 variant 3 2 3 2 1 1 9
Class 2 variant 4 3 40 1 7 7 3 61
Class 2 variant 5 3 3 6
Class 2 variant 6 1 1
Class 3 variant 1 1 1
Class 3 variant 2 1 1 2
Class 4 0
Class 5 variant 1 5 13 12 8 5 3 46
Class 5 variant 2 2 2
Class 5 variant 3 0
Class 5 variant 4 0
Class 6 variant 1 0
Class 6 variant 2 2 2
Class 6 variant 3 0
Class 7 variant 1 2 1 3
Class 7 variant 2 1 1 1 2 5
Class 8 1 1
Class 9 7 4 3 2 16
Class 10 variant 1 0
Class 10 variant 2 0
Total 55 132 72 58 41 32 390

Within all six layers of Trench A, we observe a predominance of: Class 1 variant 1-type 1; Class 2 variant 1-types 10, 11, 12, 13; Class 2 variant 2-types 5, 6, 7; Class 2 variant 4-type 10; and Class 5 variant 1-types 8, 9, 14. Class 9 is also present in almost all layers (2-5 inclusive). Only in layer 6 is Class 1 variant 1-type 1 the main pottery group. This absence of variation in the proportions of classes and related vessel forms raises a question regarding the chronology. Indeed, it seems that all layers could be ascribed to the same phase of occupation, which appears to correspond to the first phase identified in Trenches C and F dating to the 4th to 6th or 7th century CE (Table 10).

Table 10: Reconstructed chronological sequence for Trench A, based on relative dating
LayerDate range
14th to 6th/7th century
24th to 6th/7th century
34th to 6th/7th century
44th to 6th/7th century
54th to 6th/7th century
64th to 5th century

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