4.2.6 Catalogue of decorated samian ware from Brough - Petuaria
by B. Dickinson

Decorated ware

Context numbers are in square brackets. In the text D.(Figure type in) refers to Déchelette 1904 and O. (Figure type in) refers to Oswald 1936


D1 Form 29, South Gaulish. The use of panels with rows of leaf-tips in the upper zone, and straight gadroons in the lower, was common in the early Flavian period. A bowl from York, among samian from the early occupation of the fortress, shows a similar scheme, with slightly different motifs (Dickinson and Hartley 1993, 749, 2651). c.AD 70-85. [194]

D2 Form 37, Central Gaulish. The ovolo (Rogers 1974 B47) and a snake on rock in a freestyle scene (D.961 bis = O.2155) are on a signed bowl of Criciro v from Corbridge (Stanfield and Simpson 1958, pl. 117, 1). The ovolo seems to have been used exclusively by him. c.AD 135-165. (Not illustrated)

D3 Form 37, Central Gaulish; two sherds, all heavily burnt. The ovolo, probably Rogers 1974 B108 or 109, is unusual in having no border below it and the use of astragalus borders (Rogers 1974 A10), dividing panels both horizontally and vertically, is not common. The other details include a seated Venus (D.187 = O.334), Victory (a smaller version of D.475 = O.812) and a leafy festoon (Rogers 1974 F16?). This bowl cannot be assigned to a particular potter, since some of the motifs and figure-types were used in both the Hadrianic and Antonine periods, but, stylistically, it is more likely to belong to the second half of the 2nd century than to the first. 2 same [88, 1994/1000]

D4 Form 37, Central Gaulish. A bowl with a T-tongued ovolo (Rogers 1974 B206), beaded border (Rogers 1974 A2) and a Mercury (D.327 = O.537). All the details were used by Paternus v. c.AD 160-195. [88] (Not illustrated)


D5 Form 37, burnt, South Gaulish. The basal wreath of four-bladed plants is on a bowl (probably) from Narbonne, with a mould-stamp of Amandus iii (Mees 1995, Taf. 7, 4), and on an unstamped bowl from Malton. The trifid motif is on a bowl from Köngen, a site founded under Domitian (Simon 1971, 12). The footring is unworn and kiln-grit survives inside the base, as if the bowl had not been used. The parallels suggest Flavian-Trajanic date. c.AD 85-110. [2015]

D6 Form 37, South Gaulish. The rosette-tongued ovolo, used by Mercator i, occurs on a stamped bowl from Günzburg (Knorr 1919, Textbild 47). c.AD 85-110. [4001] (Not illustrated)

D7 Form 37, South Gaulish. The decoration includes a doe (Hermet 1934, pl. 27, 27 = O.1755), over a partly impressed grass-tuft (the top of Hermet 1934, pl. 14, 87). This is by one of the Flavian-Trajanic potters whose style was based on that of Germanus i. Cf. a bowl in the Bregenz Cellar hoard (Jacobs 1913, Taf. II, 12). c.AD 85-110. [1033] (Not illustrated)

D8 Form 37, South Gaulish. An untidy bowl, with the top of a grass-tuft (as on D7, above). This, and the panel borders, overlap the basal ridge. c.AD 85-110. [1071]. (Not illustrated)

D9 Form 37, Central Gaulish (Les Martres-de-Veyre). The ovolo is replaced by a zone of acanthi (Rogers 1974 K11?). Probably by X-13; cf. a bowl from London with a mould signature, probably of Silvio (Stanfield and Simpson 1958, pl. 50, 594). c.AD 100-120. [2081] (Not illustrated)

D10 Form 37, Central Gaulish (Les Martres-de-Veyre). Two joining sherds. The decoration includes a cockerel (D.1025 = O.2348) in a chevron festoon (Rogers 1974 F13), a Neptune (D.14 = O.13) and a saltire, with buds (Rogers 1974 G200) at the sides and an acanthus (Rogers 1974 K11?) at the bottom. The bowl cannot be assigned to any one mould-maker, but the details occur on bowls in the styles of X-11 to X-14, who all supplied moulds to potters such as Donnaucus and Ioenalis. See Stanfield and Simpson 1958, pl. 38, 447, 452-3 for the bud, 39, 454 for the cockerel (on form 29), 40, 461 for the Neptune and 43, 492 for the festoon. c.AD 100-120. [1001, 1991/182]

D11 Form 37, Central Gaulish. A freestyle bowl, including a bear (O.1620) and an ungulate to right. The bear was almosrt certainly used by Austrus, who also sometimes used horizontal guide-lines in his decoration, as here. The bowl is therefore tentatively attributed to him. c.AD 125-140. [1248] (Not illustrated)

D12 Form 37, Central Gaulish, with a rivet and a groove for another. A freestyle bowl in the style of Attianus ii, with a snake on rock (D.961 bis = O.2155), lion (O.1404) and bear (D.820 = O.1627). All the figure-types are on a stamped bowl from Verulamium (Stanfield and Simpson 1958, pl. 86, 12). c.AD 125-145. [1022] (Not illustrated)

D13 Form 37, Central Gaulish. The decoration shows a Venus (a variant of D.172 = O.277) in a panel with double beaded borders joined, part-way up, by a horizontal astragalus. The Venus is on a signed bowl of Docilis i from Colchester (Stanfield and Simpson 1958, pl. 91, 1), and he also used multiple borders (ibid. 6, from London and Colchester) and horizontal astragali (ibid. 8, from Corbridge). c.AD 135-165. [1525] (Not illustrated)

D14 Form 66?, Central Gaulish. The sherd shows a Cupid (not in Oswald 1936), between two cockerels (O.2344A). The bird is on enclosed vessels in the styles of the Quintilianus i and Paternus v groups (Bémont 1977, pl. XXVI, 32406 and XXXII, PM229, respectively). The micaceous fabric and dull, orange glaze, often associated with jars of this type, suggest Hadrianic or early Antonine date. c.AD 125-150. [1044]

D15 Form 37, Central Gaulish. The ovolo (Rogers 1974 B247) and zig-zag border (Rogers 1974 A26) are on a bowl in a pit at Alcester filled in the 150s (Hartley, Pengelly and Dickinson 1994, 116, 275). c.AD 130-160. [1000].

D16 Form 37, Central Gaulish. A panelled bowl, with: 1) a hare (D.950a = O.2116) in a single festoon; 2) Bacchus? (D.326? = O.577?). The bottom half of another panel, below a festoon, perhaps contains a leafy motif (Rogers 1974 L11?). This is probably to be attributed to Advocisus, who used the ovolo (Rogers 1974 B102). He rarely used astragali across the tops of his borders, but cf. an unstamped bowl, perhaps by him, which also shows the leafy motif (Stanfield and Simpson 1958, pl. 113, 26, from London). c.AD 160-190. [1019, 1045, 1061, 1084]

D17 Form 37, Central Gaulish. The panels contain: 1) a dancer (D.216 = O.353); 2) a Victory (a smaller version of D.475 = O.812), over a twist motif; 3) (lower half) a Pan mask (D.675 = O.1214). Iullinus ii used the twist, on a stamped bowl from Lezoux (Collection Rimbert), and he is also known to have used the dancer and mask. c.AD 160-190. [2015 and 2061]

D18 Form 37, Central Gaulish, with a mould-stamp of Paternus v (see S6). The decoration shows the ovolo (Rogers 1974 B234), a Cupid (D.264 = O.440) in a single festoon and a Mercury (D.327 = O.537). c.AD 160-195. [1000]

D19 Form 37, Central Gaulish. A bowl in the style of Do(v)eccus i, with one of his less common ovolos (Rogers 1974 B235), a Pan (D.419 = O.717), a leaping figure (D.394 = O.204, but with both hands complete) and eight-petalled, hollow rosettes (Rogers 1974 C170). The leaping figure, medallion and rosettes are on a stamped Do(v)eccus bowl from York (Stanfield and Simpson 1958, pl. 149, 32). The Pan and ovolo are on bowls in his style, from London (ibid. pl. 150, 52) and Chateaumeillant (Bourges Mus.), respectively. c.AD 165-200. [1019]

D20 Form 37, Central Gaulish. A bowl with semi-freestyle decoration, with two dolphins to right, the larger (O.2384) in a single festoon, the smaller (D.1050 = O.2382) over a sea-horse to left (D.33 = O.33). The counterpart (to left) of the smaller dolphin and the sea-horse are on a stamped bowl of Marcus v from Poitiers, and the large ovolo with roped tongue (Rogers 1974 B89) is on bowls in his style (information kindly supplied by Mr Rogers). c.AD 160-200. [1018, 1035]

vD21 Form 37, East Gaulish. The ovolo, with quadruple-border, hollow core and the tip of the tongue turned to the right, is here impressed over a double straight line. It was used at Lavoye by Germanus ii. Cf. also an unstamped bowl from Elewijt (Belgium: Vaes and Mertens 1953, pl. X, 107). c.AD 150-200. [1019] (Not illustrated)

D22 Form 37, East Gaulish. The leaf in a winding scroll (Ricken & Fischer 1963, P61) was used at Rheinzabern by a number of potters working in the period c.AD 170-250. [2026]

D23 Form 37, East Gaulish. The coarse fabric and dullish orange glaze suggest that this is a 3rd century bowl from Trier. The astragalus border below the decoration (Fölzer 1913, Taf. XXXII, 877) was used by Censor ii (ibid. Taf. VI, 11) and Dexter ii (ibid. Taf. XV, 14), both of whom worked in Werkstatt II in the late 2nd century. It should be noted that there is evidence that moulds originating in Werkstätte I and II at Trier may have continued in use for up to a hundred years after their manufacture (Huld-Zetsche 1972, 62-3 and Taf. 45; 1993, 64) and a bowl from Langenhain with the same basal wreath is likely to belong to a group of burnt samian dated by a coin of AD 226 (Huld-Zetsche and Steidl 1994, 50). However, the moulding of the Brough bowl is sufficiently sharp to suggest 2nd century date. c.AD 175-200. [1021]


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